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Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 3-5-1953
Event Description: Soviet Dictator and General Secretary of the Communist Party, Joseph Stalin dies of a cerebral hemorrhage. There are some rumors about wether he died naturally of by poisoning, and many prominent members of the Party begin to suspect that the head of the NKVD, Lavrenty Beria was behind Stalin's death. For the moment, the new leadership of the USSR and the Eastern Bloc is in the hands of Beria, Premier Georgi Malenkov and Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov, who regained his position thanks to Malenkov.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 3-10-1953
Event Description: Nikita Khrushchev, de facto leader of the Communist Party and leader of the anti-Beria group in the Presidium, is found dead in his residence in Moscow. The official cause of death is a heart attack.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 4-10-1953
Event Description: The Anti-Beria group regroups under the leadership of Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov, with the help of Premier Georgi Malenkov, Marshall Georgi Zhukov, Lazar Kaganovich, Kliment Vorolishov and Nikolai Bulganin.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 6-5-1953
Event Description: Massive demonstrations against the Communist regime in East Germany begin. The leadership of the CPSU is now convinced that Beria's liberal policies are too dangerous for the Soviet Union. There is even suspicion that Beria might be willing to trade the re-unification of Germany and the end of the Cold war for massive aid from the United States, like the one received during World War Two. Whether said rumors are true or not, it hurts Beria badly.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 7-27-1953
Event Description: A cease-fire agreement is reached between the nations involved in the Korean War. Both sides will demobilize while the border between North and South Korea will remain basically the same, along the 38th paralel. The border will become a demilitarized zone. After the negotiations, soviet Foreign Minister Molotov returns to Moscow to continue the the power struggle against Beria.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 9-9-1953
Event Description: Lavrenti Beria, head of the NKVD and Minister for State Security is arrested by officers of the Red Army, thanks to the cooperation of Marshal Georgi Zhukov and Premier Malenkov.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 9-15-1953
Event Description: Vyacheslav Molotov is elected as the new General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, and henceforth de facto leader of Russia and the Eastern Bloc, along with Premier Georgi Malenkov.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 12-13-1953
Event Description: Beria is executed at a secret location, after a'special tribunal' tried him from treason and espionage.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 3-1-1954
Event Description: President Eisenhower gives a long televised speech about the dangers of war, especially a nuclear war, and the influence of Communism in the World. Hours later, General Secretary Vyacheslav Molotov of the Soviet Union gives a similar speech to the Presidium, warning against the dangers of falling behind the americans and losing influence in the world. More resources and money will be put into special programs involving military armament and the foreign interventions.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 7-20-1954
Event Description: Guatemalan president Jacobo Arbenz is ousted in a bloody military coup. The socialist policies of Arbenz were not liked by the government of the United States or the CIA.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 9-19-1954
Event Description: West Germany joins the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). The Soviet reaction is not inmediate but Molotov is not the kind of man that leaves things like this go unnoticed.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 11-14-1954
Event Description: Egyptian President Mohammed Naguib is deposed by Colonel Gamal Abdel Nasser, known for his Pan-arabic views and his pro-soviet leanings. As the CIA later suspects, the KGB was behind the coup.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 12-12-1954
Event Description: US Senator Joseph McCarthy is condemned by the Senate for "Conduct that tends to bring the Senate into dishonor and disrepute." Thus end the era of McCarthy and his notorious anti-Communist witch-hunts. Nevertheless, the Threat of Communism is more present than ever, as the Soviet Union conducts a third nuclear test in Western Siberia later in the month.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 1-26-1955
Event Description: The Warsaw Pact is created under the guidance of the Soviet Union. The new organization will serve the purpose of protecting the Eastern Bloc from any possible intervention from the Western Bloc. Every Communist Nation in Europe excepting Yugoslavia is part of the Warsaw Pact.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 4-14-1955
Event Description: Desperate not to fall behind the americans, General Secretary Molotov relocates an enormous amount of resources into the Soviet Nuclear power. The military Intelligence agency (GRU) informs Molotov that the United States disposes of at least 1,000 nuclear devices. Despite the incredible cost, Molotov is determined.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 6-16-1955
Event Description: Soviet 'Advisors' and secret operatives are secretly sent to the communist states of North Vietnam, North Korea, Albania and East Germany, while the agents are sent to Iran, Argentina, Cuba, Colombia, Greece, South Vietnam, Nigeria and Ethiopia.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 8-17-1955
Event Description: A pro-soviet military coup in Beirut ousts the Pro-western government and installs a pro-soviet pan-arabic government instead. Syria and Egypt also move closer to the USSR during the following weeks.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 10-10-1955
Event Description: Forces of the People's Liberation Army seize the Yijiangshan Island, which were under the administration of the Republic of China since the end of the civil war in 1949. President Eisenhower supports the Republic of China, while General Secretary Molotov declares unconditional support for the People's Republic. Eventually, the Seventh fleet is sent to protect the island while the Formosa resolution is approved by both Houses of Congress, authorizing the use of military force to defend Formosa and its possessions against Armed Attack. The Eastern bloc is forced to back down as they lack the capability to match the nuclear power of the United States, but the People's Republic and the Soviet Union are closer than ever.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 12-21-1955
Event Description: Soviet and Chinese forces cooperate in joint military exercises in Manchuria and the Pacific. The West is concerned but there is nothing to be done, officially. Meanwhile, new equipment arrives at the japanese ports of Osaka and Tokyo, something capable of protecting the Home Islands in case of an emergency.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 1-15-1956
Event Description: Sudan gains independence from both Egypt and Britain. Yet, as the last foreign troops leave Sudanese soil, the marxist guerrillas in the West and the North launch and all-out attack against the pro-british government in Khartoum. The governments of Egypt and the USSR are deemed responsible by the CIA for their involvenment in Sudan, but nothing can be done other than giving weapons to the Sudanese government and hope for the best.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 3-4-1956
Event Description: Soviet troops end a labour riot in Poznan, Poland, firing at the crowd of protesters and killing 120 people. Meanwhile, in Bonn, Chancellor Konrad Adenauer survives an assasination attempt by a young german communist, secretly working for the KGB.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 6-26-1956
Event Description: Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser announces the nationalization of the Suez Canal. The announcement is backed by Soviet leader Vyacheslav Molotov, a good 'friend' of Egypt that is always interested in expanding the soviet sphere of influence whenever possible. Meanwhile, as Egypt continues to adquire soviet military equipment, the governments of France, Britain and Israel begin to plan a way to prevent the Suez Canal from becoming a soviet asset in the region.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 8-17-1956
Event Description: Democratic National Convention: 1952 nominee, former governor Adlai Stevenson of Illinois is nominated once again for president, with his main rival in the convention, populist Estes Kefauver as his running mate

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 8-24-1956
Event Description: Republican Nationan Convention: President Eisenhower and Vice President Nixon are renominated without opposition.The only thing notable about the convention is that one delegate voted for a fictitious "Joe Smith" for Vice President in order to protest everything being unanimous.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 9-19-1956
Event Description: While resting from the presidential campaign, which hasn't been very problematic nor even interesting since it started, President Eisenhower dies of a hearth attack in the White House. The president's bad health was no secret, nor was the enourmous amount of stress produced by his charge. This leaves his Vice President, Richard Nixon as both the President of the United States and the Republican Nominee for president in the elections of November.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 9-22-1956
Event Description: The Republican National Committee meets in order to nominate President Richard Nixon for a full term as President, since he had been nominated for Vice President in the National Convention. Needing a strong running mate, Nixon picks Henry Cabot Lodge Jr of Massachusetts, the current ambassador to the UN, a former Senator and grandson of a prominent former Senator. Meanwhile, Stevenson's popularity increases as the american people begins to doubt if Nixon is the best man for the presidency.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 10-14-1956
Event Description: Israel invades the Suez peninsula in retaliation for the nationalization of the Suez Canal and years of antagonism from the regime in Cairo. Days later, the United Kingdom and France begin bombing Egypt to force the reopening of the Suez Canal.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 10-17-1956
Event Description: Soviet General Secretary Molotov dennounces 'the war of the capitalist intervention in Egypt' and threatens to use all the neccessary means to force the Israeli-British-French coalition out of Egypt. After a few days, President Nixon, who had supported the anti-communist operation in the beginning, 'encourages' the allied governments to cease the war, mostly fearing a wider war with the Soviet Union in times of elections. Support for Nixon increases for a moment, but he is still seen as an opportunistic of dubious moral stands.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 10-30-1956
Event Description: The Red Army enters Hungary to end the anti-communist revolution that had started a few days earlier. The protesters had demanded the return of democracy, the end of the single-party regime and the end of the Hungarian membership in the Warsaw Pact. Nevertheless, the hardliners in the Kremlin, lead by General Secretary Molotov, viewed the revolt as a fascist counter-revolution and acted as fast as possible. By the end of the month, there are 5,000 deaths and many hungarian cities are in flames or ruins. There are rumours about the Kremlin knowing about the revolution since before it began and amassing troops on the border in order to make an example out of Hungary.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 11-6-1956
Event Description: Presidential Elections in the United States. Democratic Nominee Adlai Stevenson manages to defeat the incumbent President Richard Nixon, who had became the 35th president upon the death of President Eisenhower. It is later thought that Nixon lost the election due to his youth and lack of experience, despite his years as VicePresident, not to mention the perception that he was an opportunistic of dubious morality. The election is very close, with Stevenson taking much of the South, the Northeast and the Midwest, while Nixon took the West, Florida, Northern New England and some Midwestern states, yet the election is decided by the states of Illinois and Texas, traditionally democratic states that voted for Eisenhower in 1952. Illinois goes to Stevenson by less than 80,000 votes and Texas by only 65,000. Some claim that there was fraud in some cities in Illinois and Texas, but Nixon accepts the result. Stevenson/Kefauver: 275 electoral votes. Nixon/:256 electoral votes.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 1-20-1957
Event Description: Wanting to show the superiority of Soviet Economy over the american economy, General Secretary Molotov announces a new wave of reclamation of virgin and abandoned lands. He later creates a minimum wage and a bigger and bureaocratic central committee for the planification of the Economy.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 3-21-1957
Event Description: Georgy Zhukov, the Soviet Minister of Defense, is dismissed from his office and given command of an armoured division in Eastern Siberia, being replaced as Minister of Defense by Marshal Rodion Malinovsky. Zhukov's ambitions had been a constant source of concern to Molotov, but sending the most popular hero of the Great Patriotic War to a gulag in Siberia would have been worse

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 5-30-1957
Event Description: The French military governor of Algeria is killed by an arab nationalist, intriguinly armed with a soviet rifle. The French Intelligence agencies later discover that the Soviet Union has been providing the algerians with arms since 1954.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 9-14-1957
Event Description: Arkansas Governor Orville Faubus calls out the US National Guard to prevent black students from enrolling in Central High School in Little Rock. This is a violation of the US Supreme Court decision, Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, which ruled segregated schools unconstitutional. Outraged by this, President Stevenson later sends soldiers to Little Rock, Arkansas to integrate the schools.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 10-29-1957
Event Description: The Soviet Union launches the first artificial satellite to orbit the planet: Sputnik I. The launching sparks a little crisis in the United States, as a large part of the population is now convinced that the Soviet Union is winning the Cold war. Months later, NASA is created in order to give the american space program more resources

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 11-22-1957
Event Description: Indonesian dictator Sukarno is killed while inspecting army troops in an army base in Borneo. He is replaced by Suharno, a more pro-western army general, Suharto, with general Abdul Haris Nasution as de facto leader of the armed forces and the government. Sukarno's socialist policies were not liked by the Governments of the United States and the United Kingdom.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 12-14-1957
Event Description: The voting rights act of 1957 is approved, thur protecting the rights of the minorities and the poor unable to vote.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 1-23-1958
Event Description: President Stevenson suggests the beginning of negotiations about ending aboveground nuclear weapons tests. General Secretary Molotov is not interested, as he considers this as an imperialist attempt to undermine the soviet nuclear programe. Conservatives in the United States also consider the call for an end of these tests as either premature or a sign of weakness.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 2-27-1958
Event Description: The Iraqui monarchy is overthrowned by a socialist putsch, orchestrated by the armed forces in collaboration with the KGB. Iraq doesn't become a communist country, but it's policy becomes increasingly pro-soviet in the following months and years.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 5-13-1958
Event Description: President Stevenson signs Medicare into Law, thus provinding free medical attention to citizens over 65. Days later he signs Medicaid into law, providing the same service to children under 10.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 6-12-1958
Event Description: The Civil Rights act of 1958 becomes a law, making discrimination by race, gender, age or religion illegal. The South dennounces President Stevenson and by the end of the month, most legislators from the Southern States do the same, signing the Second Southern Manifiesto.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 8-9-1958
Event Description: As the crisis in Algeria threatens to escalate into full scale civil war on french soil if the Army is not appeased, General deGaulle is brought back to power and becomes President, replacing socialist Rene Coty.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 10-27-1958
Event Description: Concerned about the increasing soviet spending in their military budget, President Stevenson puts more money into the nuclear weapons program and the development of Intercontinental Missiles capable of delivering such weapons.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 11-5-1958
Event Description: Midterm Elections in the United States: the republicans win a majority in the Senate thanks to the perception that the United States is falling behind the Soviet Union economically and militarilly. The House of Representatives remains in the hands of the Democrats,but only by a small margin. In South Dakota, Governor Joe Foss wins reelection over democrat George McGovern. In New York, Nelson Rockefeller defeats incumbent Governor Averrel Harriman, while in Pennsylvania William Scranton is elected to his first term in the House of Representatives; Senators Eugene McCarthy (D-MN) and Kenneth Keating(R-NY)are also elected to their first terms, as is governor George Wallace of Alabama, and in California, famous actor and republican activist John Wayne defeats democrat Pat Brown and becomes the new governor of California.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 1-19-1959
Event Description: Revolutionary leader Fidel Castro enters Havana, proclaiming the end of the decadent puppet regime of Batista and the rule of the United State in Cuban affairs.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 2-17-1959
Event Description: The US military tests the 'Atlas', the first operational InterContinental Ballistic Missile (ICBM) in History. This weapon could be capable of delivering a nuclear warhead to the Soviet Union or any target in the old continent from the United States. The Soviet Union is also working on a similar project, but for the moment, the americans have the advantage.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 4-21-1959
Event Description: The Soviet Navy Aircraft carrier Kirov is launched today at the naval base of Sevastopol. This is the fourth Aircraft Carrier built during the government of Molotov, as a continuation of Stalin's 'legacy' and prove of the soviet superiority as a military, economic and political force. Two more such ships are to be built before 1962. There are some rumours about even more ships like those, but the CIA has failed to gain all the neccessary evidence to support said claims.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 6-4-1959
Event Description: Indonesian dictator Suharto is killed as nationalist guerrillas storm the presidential Palace in Jakarta, killing 30 people. Days later, the situation in Indonesia reaches a boiling point, as marxist guerrillas in Java declare a People's Republic, while nationalists in Borneo and Sumatra create counter-revolutionary governments with the help of the West. The Indonesian Civil war promises to be long and bloody.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 8-17-1959
Event Description: Shahghai Submit: the leaders of the Communist nations on earth, including the Soviet Union, the People's Republic of China, East Germany, Mongolia, North Korea, North Vietnam, Poland, Romania, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria, Sudan and Albania meet at the ancient chinese city to both show the strenght and unity of the Socialist Bloc and to disccuss further economic and military cooperation. Nevertheless, the socialist bloc is not so united, as the communist Yugoslavian dictator, Josif Broz 'Tito' was not attending the meeting. The Submit leads to the Shanghai Declaration, by which all attending nations pledged to cooperate in the creation of a worker's paradise on Earth.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 9-25-1959
Event Description: Concerned about the growing tensions between India and the People's Republic of China, General Secretary Molotov invites Prime Minister Nehru and Chinese leader Mao Zedong to negotiate the creation of a new Sino-Indian border. Both leaders reluctantly accept and agree to meet in Leningrad.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 11-6-1959
Event Description: The US Secretary of Defense, Stuart Symington meets with several high ranking members of the Armed Forces of Pakistan, with the purpose of disccussing further improvements in the military and the relations with the United States. For weeks the United States has seen how India was getting closer to the Sino-Soviet bloc, and it is imperative to counter that threat by all the means neccessary. Syminton's next stop will be in Tehran, where he will meet with another important ally in the region, the Shah of Iran.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 12-10-1959
Event Description: Just as the negotiations between the Soviet Union, the People's Republic of China and India are about to end, the Sino-Soviet bloc declares their support for India in the dispute over Kashmir, and dennounce Pakistan as a 'dangerous country' and 'enemy of the peace'.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 12-26-1959
Event Description: Cuban revolutionaries attack the US embassy in Havana, killing 12 people and wounding 17, including the US Ambassador and 12 guards. President Stevenson warns the government of revolutionary Fidel Castro for his agressive tactics but the warhawks in the pentagon and Congress want more than speeches and threats. War will not be declared, but the president promises a swift revengue.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 1-17-1960
Event Description: Operation Copper is launched: Airplanes of the US Air Force begin the bombing of strategic targets throughout the island of Cuba, while a force of 16,000 US Marines is sent to the island to provide help to the Batista Regime.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 1-19-1960
Event Description: General Secretary Molotov dennounces the US intervention in Cuba as an act of agression and tiranny and warns the American goverment of the wrath of the free peoples of the world. Meanwhile, US operations in Cuba continue as usual, but without a real military invasion of the island.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 1-22-1960
Event Description: Cuban revolutionary Fidel Castro is killed during a US bombardment of Havana. Meanwhile, on the Baltic, a Soviet Carrier battle group is being assembled, although only one of the carriers, the Leningrad, will be sent to the Caribbean.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 1-25-1960
Event Description: As the Soviet Squadron leaves the Baltic in course to Havana, President Stevenson contacts general Secretary Molotov of the USSR with a compromise: The US military intervention in Cuba will cease if the Soviet Union promises not to intervene in the Caribbean any further. Hours later, the Soviet Squadron begins the journey back to the Naval base of Kronstadt. The Cuban crisis is over.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 4-16-1960
Event Description: The Leningrad conference ends as a success for the Sino-Soviet bloc, as a new frontier for China and India is created as a compromise. Additionally, both the Soviet Union and China will give India large quantities of financial aid and assistance in building industrial infrastructure. Nevertheless, the hardliners in both India and China are not pleased with the compromise border and remain skeptical.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 6-3-1960
Event Description: Being under constant pressure from the hardliners in the Red Army since the dismissal of Zhukov and the new cuts in the budget of the regular army, General Secretary Molotov decides to make a bold move to regain the trust of the Military. The plan starts with the mobilization of several Divisions in Eastern Germany.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 6-8-1960
Event Description: President Stevenson receives some concerning news from the Pentagon and the CIA; Berlin is being surrounded by division of the Red Army that might be preparing to attack the City. He inmediately calls the leaders of the NATO member nations and mobilizes several divisions of the Air Force and the Army in Germany and the United States

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 6-15-1960
Event Description: Paratroopers of the 101th Airborne Division land at West Berlin, seizing vital positions and providing reinforcements to the Berlin Brigade and the other allied troops in the City. US airplanes are also delivering supplies to the Western Sectors of the city as the Red Army begins the blockade of the city.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 6-22-1960
Event Description: Skirmishes between Red army soldiers and US Troops at East Berlin begin, with the main fighting taking place at Checkpoints Charlie and Bravo, Invalidenstrasse, and Walterdorfer Chausse; hours later, there are nearly a hundred casualties and the situation seems to be worsening.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 6-29-1960
Event Description: As the possibility of a nuclear war becomes more of a reality to the people of the world, a truce begins at the city of Berlin as ordered by the Military commands of both sides. Molotov and Stevenson agree to negotiate the matter in a civilized way in order to prevent any future escalation of hostilities. Molotov's gamble has failed and Berlin has not fallen.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 8-17-1960
Event Description: Republican National Convention: The presidential nomination goes to conservative Senator Barry Goldwater of Arizona, the so-called leader of the new Conservative Coalition. His main opponents were Henry Cabot Lodge of Massachusetts, who had been the 1956 vice presidential nominee, and briefly, former President Richard Nixon. Goldwater picks Congressman William Miller of New York as his running mate, so as to balance the ticket geographically and to a lesser extent, due to the known antipathy between Miller and Johnson, the Democratic Vice Presidential nominee.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 8-28-1960
Event Description: Democratic National Convention: President Stevenson is easily renominated for President, although this time dropping Vice President Estes Kefauver of Tennessee in order to replace him with Senator Lyndon Johnson of Texas, who enjoys more popularity in the South. Kefauver's populist and staunch pro-civil rights tendencies were thought to be damaging in the South, despite Kefauver being from Tennessee. Secretary of Defense Symington and Senator John Kennedy of Massachusetts had also been considered for the vice presidential nomination.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 9-25-1960
Event Description: California Governor John Wayne gives a televised speech as part of the Goldwater campaign. Wayne, an extremely popular actor and republican activist causes a great effect and impact on the minds of the american people, as he warns about the dangers of appeasement and overconfidence. He also warns the american people of the dangers of big government programs like the ones of the Stevenson administration and the big government spending of the current government. Next to him is lieutenant governor Ronald Reagan, another actor turned republican Politician.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 10-26-1960
Event Description: Just a week before the election, a televised presidential debate is held between Stevenson and Goldwater. Stevenson looks tired and pale, mostly due to the constant state of crisis in the White House and the terrible direction the negotiations over Berlin are taken. Goldwater, on the other hand looks rested, comfortable and full of energy. During the debate, Goldwater argues about the 'dangers' of big government spending and high taxes, while Stevenson barely manages to reply 'we must be concerned about the shape of this once great society, we must make it great again.' Nevertheless, Stevenson's spending on the Domestic front trying to help the poor and the minorities, and on the foreign front, having to mantain a united front against the Communist menace have left a big deficit, something inmediately used by Goldwater to show the weaknesses of the democratic economic program. Goldwater finally remarks :' a government big enough to give you everything you want is also big enough to take away everything you have.'

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 11-8-1960
Event Description: Presidential Election in the United States: an incredibly close race, won only by a small margin, but nevertheless a victory for Barry Goldwater, who was capable of showing the american people the dangers of the Cold war and appeasement, as well as the uncontrolled government spending of the Stevenson administration, although he never attacks Stevenson directly. Despite Stevenson's successes in the past 4 years and his victory in the Popular vote by over 1 million votes, the stagnating economy and the high deficit were more than enough to cost him a second term in the White House. Goldwater/Miller: 271 Electoral votes. Stevenson/Johnson:266 Electoral votes.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 1-23-1961
Event Description: A special meeting takes place in Havana, Cuba. There, the Havana declaration is proclaimed by the 'free peoples of the world', thus creating the Movement of the Non-Aligned Countries, which at this point include Cuba, under Raul Castro, India, under Nehru, and Yugoslavia, under Tito. Chile, Ethiopia, Norway, Brazil, Congo and dozens of other countries in Africa and Asia also join the pact, declaring their unwillingness to follow the directions of either Moscow or Washington.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 3-16-1961
Event Description: The Soviet Newspaper Pravda announces on its headlines that General Secretary Molotov has resigned to his position due to reasons related to his health. Meanwhile, a black haired man with a thick moustache and his face covered his placed in a sell in Lefortovo Prison, in Moscow. He will never again see the light of day again nor will he decide the fate of the Communist world.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 3-25-1961
Event Description: Soviet Premier Georgi Malenkov, another hardline stalinist like Molotov, becomes the new General Secretary of the Communist Party, thanks to his alliance with the hardliners in the Politburo and the Red Army, particulary with Marshal Rodion Malinovsky.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 5-26-1961
Event Description: President Goldwater announces the largest tax cut in the history of the United States.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 6-15-1961
Event Description: A meeting takes place in the White House, involving National Security Advisor Henry Kissinger, Vice President Miller, The Secretary of Defense and the Director of the CIA, Allen Dulles. They all agree that the Soviet Bloc has turned into a threat that needs to be handled. Some suggest more open military interventions, but eventually, the issue of anti-soviet revolutionaries and guerrillas might be a better idea to fight Communism without involving the US military directly. Goldwater is convinced, and the CIA begins to set up anti-soviet groups in Eastern Europe and Asia. Also as part of the plan, military advisors will be sent to South Vietnam, Indonesia and South America to help in the struggle against Communism. The groups in Eastern Europe will be funded secretly and helped by the CIA.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 11-28-1961
Event Description: The communist leaders of Albania and East Germany, Enver Hoxna and Walter Ulbricht are killed by 'fascist fanatics', according to the communist authorities, although the gunmen are killed before being identified or arrested.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 2-12-1962
Event Description: Soviet leader Georgi Malenkov is informed about the recent problems with the economy, including the stagnation and the difficulties with the planification proccess. Despite the calls for reform, liberalization and less centralization, Malenkov is a stalinist and he believes that the soviet apparatus can solve the problem, so he puts more efforts in the industralization and centralization schemes of the Molotov era, not understanding the complex state of the Soviet Economy and the inability of the Central Committee to solve the crisis.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 4-24-1962
Event Description: Mao Zedong, Chairman of the Communist Party of China and leader of the People's Republic, is found dead in his house in Beijing. The authorities declare that the cause of death was a cerebral Hemorrague and procceed to cremate the body, eliminating all evidence that could have been found about Mao's death. The CIA and the KGB find the official explanation a bit hard to believe, specially considering the large amount of enemies Mao had due to his role in the purges and the failed 'Great Leap Forward', but they keep their suspicions to themselves. Meanwhile, Mao is succeeded by General Lin Biao, leader of the People's Liberation Army and Mao's right hand for the last years

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 6-11-1962
Event Description: Governor George Wallace of Alabama stands in front of Foster Auditorium at the University of Alabama in an attempt to stop desegregation of that institution by the enrollment of two black students. President Goldwater refuses to intervene in such an affair in which federal intervention should not be needed, but he warns Wallace not to stand in the path of progress. He addresses the nation on the same night, calling for the people to show more tolerance and respect. James Hood and Vivian Malone are later allowed to attend the University of Alabama, while Governor Wallace sees his popularity with Alabama voters rising after the encounter.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 6-22-1962
Event Description: Chairman Lin Biao, leader of the People's Republic of China and the People's Liberation Army, announces the beginning of a 'Cultural Revolution', to eliminate the errors of the past and the threats to the future. Especial units of fanatical followers of Lin Biao and the memory of Mao are formed, known as the Red Guards, especially created to serve Lin Biao and eliminate his enemies in both the army and the Party.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 8-23-1962
Event Description: Algeria is finally recognized as independent from Metropolitan France. The war is over and Presdent deGaulle is seen as the savior of France once more. Algerian President Ben Bella, however, has different plans for the now independent Algeria, so he begins to move closer to the USSR, diplomatically and ideologically.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 10-7-1962
Event Description: Cuban President Raul Castro survives an assasination attempt while visiting a military base in Santiago. His friend and fellow revolutionary, Dr Ernesto 'Che' Guevara is not so lucky, as he is found dead in a hotel room in Mexico City. Hours later, two men made a long distance Phone call informing that 'things went well'.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 12-12-1962
Event Description: The US Congress authorizes military actions in the Indonesian Civil war. 60,000 troops will be sent to serve along the peace keeping forces of Australia, Britain, Malasya, New Zealand and Japan. South of Bandung, marxist guerrillas begin to execute prisoners and civilians indiscriminately.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 7-16-1963
Event Description: Chinese leader Deng Xiaopeng is arrested by the red Guards and 'sentenced' to spend the rest of his life under house arrest. He is lucky enough to not share the same fate that thousands of his countrymen are forced to suffer in the gulags or in front of the execution squads

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 10-31-1963
Event Description: The city of Charleston, South Carolina makes preparations for the upcoming visit of President Goldwater. Goldwater's staunch position in favor of State's rights and opposing big government measures has made him quite popular in the South, a traditional democratic stronghold. As the preparations continue, a man checks in a hotel in the city under the name A. Hiddel.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 11-1-1963
Event Description: President Barry Goldwater begins his tour of the South starting with the city of Charleston. While addressing a crowd of supporters, he once again announces his support for state's rights and small government. As he walks back to the motorcade, a man pulls a Beretta pistol and shoots Goldwater three times. The assailant is inmediately killed by the Secret Service agents and the president is rushed to the hospital, where he is stabilized. One bullet hit him in the leg, while the others passed through his chest, one of them lodging in his spine.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 11-3-1963
Event Description: Acting President Miller gives a televised speech in order to calm the american people.'The president is stable, and he is under the best medical attention of the free world.' he announces.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 1-19-1964
Event Description: After weeks of fears and especulation, President Goldwater announces that he will not be running for re-election on November, mostly due to his poor health. He has mostly recovered, but he will be forced to spend a large part of his life in a wheelchair. He can still stand, but his health has deteriorated and he is forced to walk with a cane. The announcement sends shockwaves throughout the nation, as now virtually every politician in America begins to make preparations for a presidential campaign.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 4-10-1964
Event Description: A fireball rises high over Chinese Turkestan. The People's Republic has become a nuclear power. The shock is great in the White House and the Kremlin, as no one in the CIA nor the KGB was able to predict such a development. There are some suspiscions about Israeli help for the Chinese Atomic program, but nothing can be proved. Despite the constant Soviet promises to help the chinese with their nuclear weapons program, Premier Malenkov and the officers in the Kremlin are not pleased by the prospect of having an unstable and military powerful neighbor like China armed with Nuclear weapons

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 8-22-1964
Event Description: Republican National Convention: despite the speculation that followed Goldwater's announcement of January, the nomination goes to John Wayne, the popular Governor of California and frontrunner, winning much of the primaries and beating opponents like Vice President William Miller, who dropped the race after Super Tuesday, Governors William Scranton of Pennsylvania and Nelson Rockefeller of New York and Senator Margaret Chase Smith of Maine. As his running mate, Wayne picks Joseph Jacob Foss of South Dakota, a former Governor and current congressman, not to mention a war hero and WWII Flying Ace. Some say that Wayne was trying to balance the ticket with a popular war hero to cover his lack of military service, others speculate that Wayne picked Foss for his youth and excellent health, as Wayne was diagnosed with Cancer earlier this year.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 8-28-1964
Event Description: Democratic National Convention: Not as simple as the Republican version, but still far from being complicated. People seeking the nomination included Senators Lyndon Johnson of Texas, Hubert Humphrey of Minnesota, John Kennedy of Massachusetts, Governor George Wallace of Alabama and former Secretary of Defense Stuart Symington. The nomination goes to Jack Kennedy of Massachusetts, thanks to his youth and charisma. The vice presidential nomination is given to Senator and former Secretary of Defense Stu Symington, of Missouri.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 10-16-1964
Event Description: The televised presidential debate between Kennedy and Wayne is held. Governor Wayne as more experience in front of the cameras, being a retired actor, but Senator Kennedy proves to be up to the challenge, still being young and well dressed. During the course of the debate, Wayne proves to be decisive and agressive, promoting a strong foreign policy while at the same time defending the 'small government' policy of the Goldwater administration, arguing that the economy mustn't be suffocated by government controls and regulations. Kennedy responds by saying that it is the government's responsibility to take care of the needs of the people and to end the 'common enemies of man: Poverty, desease and war', then defending government regulations of the economy as a way to prevent irregularities. Senator Kennedy later criticizes the republican administration for cutting funds from the Welfare programs of the Stevenson administration, arguing that they are neglecting the people that need help from the government they elected. At the end, Kennedy has won a small advantage over Wayne, but the governor of California is still very popular, and with the Economy growing as ever, the welfare programs Kennedy proposes only atract a small part of the population.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 11-3-1964
Event Description: Election day in the United States: Governor John Wayne of California wins the elections by a close margin in the popular vote, with less than 400,000 votes between Wayne and Kennedy, although the former actor does win with a lead of 30 electoral votes. The republican Party also wins a majority in both the House and the Senate. Wayne/Foss: 284 electoral Votes; Kennedy/Symington:254 electoral votes.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 1-20-1965
Event Description: Governor John Wayne of California is inaugurated as the 38th president of the United States of America. In his inauguaral speech, he warns the american people about the dangers of Communism and defends the need for a strong foreign policy aiming at 'Rollbacking' Communism and defending the american way of life. He also states that the Eastern Bloc is a threat to world peace and the safety of the human race, labelling the Soviet Union as an evil Empire that 'has to be defeated by any means neccessary'. Weeks later, the 'Wayne Doctrine' becomes the official strategy in the US Foreign Policy.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 3-21-1965
Event Description: Dr Martin Luther King, the prominent leader of the civil rights movement, addresses a crowd in Washington, condemning both Black and white supremacism and declaring his support for 'equality by all the means neccessary. And all we need is peace and understanding.'

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 5-7-1965
Event Description: In a special speech in front of Congress, President Wayne announces the beginning of a new phase of the Cold war and the Foreign Policy of the United States, stating his intentions of fighting the Soviet influence in the world and defending 'Peace through Strenght'. The Military budget is increased, and new projects are approved, including the construction of new planes for the Air Force and new military equipment for the Armed Forces in General. The Kremlin is naturally willing to match any military spending of the USA and even outspend them, yet the Soviet Economy is stagnating, and diverting resources to the military won't help the economy much.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 6-4-1965
Event Description: Indian and Pakistani troops clash at Kashmir. Indian intelligence later discovers that the Pakistanis are planning to seize Kashmir with a surprise offensive, thanks to information provided by the USSR. The Indian Military begins preparations for a war against Pakistan.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 7-3-1965
Event Description: The Indian army launches 'Operation Smiling Budah', a massive offensive against Pakistan at the Kashmir region, followed by a limited invasion of southern Pakistan. Despite the best efforts of the indian military, the pakistani military was prepared as well, thanks to the spy planes provided by the USA. The Indo-Pakistani war proves to be an effective pretext for the USSR and the USA to compete.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 7-9-1965
Event Description: Battle of Jammu: the biggest tank battle since the Second World War: despite the advantage of the indians in numbers, the Patton tanks of the Pakistani Army prove to be superior to the M4 Shermans and the T-62 of the Indian army. The indians retreat for now, but further operations are being planned.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 7-21-1965
Event Description: India launches operation Gibraltar: a massive three pronged invasion of Northern Pakistan, with the main targets being the cities of Lahore and Jammu, followed by a diversionary attack against Hyderabad, in Southern Pakistan. But what seemed to be a simple blitzkrieg style operation becomes a bloody stalemate as the Pakistani forces meet the assault with their own tanks, artillery and jets, halting the indian attack to a crawl. Thousands are killed yet the front remains stalemated.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 7-21-1965
Event Description: Battle of Sargodha: an incredible spectacle to be seen and one of the most dramatic moments of the war, as thousands of Indian and Pakistani Planes fight over the skies of Pakistan's largest airforce bases. Dozens of planes are shot down and the indians retreat, then being forced to defend their own bases with success. Such air battles are the biggest ones in over 30 years, but they are soon over as the planes are needed to provide cover for the ground troops.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 7-26-1965
Event Description: An american spy Plane 'U-2' is shot down over India by a soviet plane. The US government denies any involvement in the Indo-Pakistani War, but the plane is nevertheless in the hands of the Eastern Bloc as is the pilot, who is not seen alive again. This is a major embarrasement for the American government, and the president is not willing to see the Indian government make fun of him, not of 'the Duke'.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 8-2-1965
Event Description: Two indian frigates are sunk in the Arabian sea, just days before a ceasefire is mandated by the UN and both India and Pakistan are forced to retreat to their own borders. Yet, the pakistani navy and Air Force denies any involvement in the sinking of the indian ships, since there was no significant activity in the pakistani bases in the South of the Country. Actually, the only activity in the Arabian Sea that day was in the USS George Washington, an Aircraft Carrier performing some military exercises with its F-104.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 9-19-1965
Event Description: President John Wayne gives a televised speech addressing the issues of discrimination and segregation. He declares his support for states' rights yet he condemns the attacks on black neighborhoods and citizens. He also states that he believes in full equality but that said equality had to be brought through education of both black and white people (mostly black people, but he doesn't say that). Weeks later, he signs a bill reforming the school system, promoting racial equality and desegregation. This comes as a shock for the people who thought of Wayne as a racist, while others wonder about who persuaded him to do such a bold move.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 11-5-1965
Event Description: A meeting takes place in the White House, and the people attending include the President, the Vice President, The Secretary of State, the director of the CIA and Secretary of Defense Curtis leMay. These men are disccussing the future of the US Foreign Policy and the course the Cold war is taking. They decide that the influence of Communism is too great and that something has to be done. Nine nations are targeted for rollback: Tanzania, Algeria, Cambodia, Ethiopia, Irak, Laos, Indonesia, Uganda and Vietnam.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 12-27-1965
Event Description: President Milton Obote of Uganda and Ahmed Ben Bella of Algeria are killed today, the first shot by an assailant in front of the presidential palace, and the second in the explosion of his house. Days later, president Julius Nyerere of Tanzania and general Secretary Ho Chi Min of North Vietnam survive assasination attempts in their own countries. All of these men had displayed socialist views and policies that tended to be pro-Soviet. President Wayne has not lost fate in the CIA despite the failures at Tanzania and North Vietnam, and more anti-communist operations are being planned.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 2-18-1966
Event Description: US Civil rights leader Martin Luther King is killed in the city of New Orleans, Lousiana, just hours before addressing a crowd of civil right supporters. The gunman, a man identified as 'Richard Crowley' by the authorities, is later found out to have been a member of the White Citizens' Council, a prominent anti-civil rights organization with strong support in the South. Just hours after the Assasination, race riots start in the cities of Chicago, New York, Philadelphia, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Atlanta, New Orleans, Montgomery, and other large cities of the United States.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 3-25-1966
Event Description: Needing to reduce the tensions between the police and the black population, several cities begin programs with the main objective of increasing the number of african-American officers in the Police and government positions. During the course of the following months and years, tensions are reduced as hundreds and thousands of black men become police officers patrolling in their own neighborhoods, reducing the abuses of the white police officers and eliminating the need for black armed groups like the Black panthers. Even so, the Black panthers and other militant groups are not disbanded and they continue to be agressive towards authority and the government. And despite the effectiveness of these programs, the Wayne administration refuses to use the in a federal level, arguing that the government should not interfere in such proccedures.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 5-4-1966
Event Description: 16,000 US Marines arrive today at the island of Sumatra, one of the bloodiest places in earth, as the civil war in the archipielago between Communists, Islamic Radicals, the paramilitary and the military has already ended the lives of 30,000 people in this island alone. But despite the low chances of actually winning the war, President Wayne continues to claim that it is neccessary for the fight against Communism to never retreat and never allow communist to triumph in South East Asia. US Military presence in the area will be increased as even more military advisors are sent to South Vietnam, Indonesia and Malasya.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 6-6-1966
Event Description: North Vietnamese leader Ho chi Minh, Bulgarian President Georgi Traikov, Romanian dictator Nicolae Ceaucescu and Ugandan President Idi Amin are all killed today. The CIA interventions in the Third World continue, much to the anger of the USSR. Uganda becomes a pro-american military dictatorship, while the Eastern European countries are now under the leadership of soviet puppets.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 7-1-1966
Event Description: Fearing that the CIA might kill him, Chinese General Secretary Lin Biao decides to take the purges of the 'Cultural Revolution' to a new level, implementing an even more strict 'moral code' and vigilance, while putting more importance in the personality cult of his regime.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 8-10-1966
Event Description: The Greek army launches a coup, ousting the King and starting an anti-communist dictatorship. Days later, President Wayne visits Generalissimo Francisco Franco of Spain, while Secretary of Defense leMay visits Greece in order to supply the Greek military with state-of-the-art military technology, including airplanes and a field communications network. The Mediterranean seems to be safe from Soviet Influence, for the moment.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 10-12-1966
Event Description: Tired of the war in Aden, the British Government leaves the colony, which is later taken over by the marxist group, the national Liberation Front. Yemen had been promised independence by 1968, but the marxist revolutionaries were not about to wait until the british felt like leaving their country. Just days after the communist takeover in late October, close ties are established with the Soviet Union and especially the People's Republic of China, the main sponsor of the war and the coup that lead to the creation of the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen. Radical groups in Africa and Asia still enjoy the help of Red China, much to the concern of the USSR and America.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 12-7-1966
Event Description: Rhodesia gains independence from the United Kingdom. Despite the reluctance of the british Government to recognize the Independence of a country ruled only by the authoritarian white minority, the importance of Rhodesia in the cold war is big, and the United States is in the need of allies. South Africa an Rhodesia soon begin to cooperate with the United States to a great extent.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 1-14-1967
Event Description: Soviet troops end a mutiny in Gdansk, Poland, where the police had not been paid in weeks due to the economic problems Poland is suffering. The Soviet Union is forced to send considerable economic aid to the Eastern European countries so as to keep them in line, but the Soviet Economy is not particulary strong at the moment, as the decisions of General Secretary Malenkov and the Central Committee seem to be ineffective to solve the crisis.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 3-4-1967
Event Description: The Soviet Union and India sign a treaty of Friendship and cooperation, creating an alliance for the following 10 years. Thanks to the Soviet Alliance with China and India, and the military presence in satellites such as North Korea and North Vietnam, Asia continues the path towards socialism.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 4-15-1967
Event Description: Iran, Saudi Arabia, Pakistan, the United Kingdom and the United States sign the Tehran pact, establishing a defensive military alliance in South West Asia. Israel is not part of the alliance, in order not to alienate the muslim members, yet the secret pact between Israel and the United States continues.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 6-5-1967
Event Description: Knowing that the Arab nations are planning an attack, and wanting to force Egypt into re-opening the gulf of Aqaba, the Israeli Defense Forces launch a massive pre-emptive strike against the nations of Egypt, Syria and Jordan. The offensive is a success. Air superiority is established at the beginning as the Egyptian and Syrian air forces are crippled by the IDAF, while the armoured offensive at the Jordan salient catches the Jordans by surprise, resulting in the fall of Jerusalem and everything west of the Jordan river by June 7th, just in time for the offensive at the Sinai.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 6-8-1967
Event Description: The israeli success at the Sinai Front is total. The Egyptians have been forced to take defensive positions West of the Suez Canal. A final offensive against Syria in the Golan Heights is about to begin. In Moscow, hardliners such as Minister of Defense Rodion Malinovsky and General Secretary Malenkov decide to intervene on the behalf of the arabs, so the Baltic and Black Sea Fleets are mobilized, as are the military forces in Irak, yet reinforcements can't be send to the arabs since Russia is surrounded by american allies in Greece, Turkey and Iran. US Military Advisors meet with the Israeli High command, while soviet advisors in Egypt begin to fly the planes sent by the Soveit Union to Nasser.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 6-10-1967
Event Description: With the Jordans and the Egypts defeated, and the hardliners in Washington and the army wanting to crush Syria and eliminate the constant threat at the northern Flank. The offensive in the Golan Heights will be continued towards Damascus, taking the capital, knocking Syria out of the war forever and establishing Israel's image as the supreme Military power in the Middle East for the Decades to come. US Military Advisors will provide intelligence and resources, but always secretly. The Sixth Fleet is also mobilized 'just in case'.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 6-12-1967
Event Description: Israeli forces reach the outskirts of Damascus, where they find heavy resistance from the syrian soldiers and the general population. Iraqui troops have meanwhile entered Syria to provide support to the fellow Baathist regime. The surprise comes later, when Soviet jets take part in the defense of Damascus. US Planes have also been involved in israeli military operations, but the Soviet involvement came as a complete shock. Egypt and Jordan surreder earlier this day, not able to continue the fight any longer.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 6-16-1967
Event Description: A ceasefire between the Syrians and the Israelis begins as Damascus falls and all the efforts of the Soviet Union prove to be futile. 400,000 Red Army troops in the Caucasus had been mobilized, along with three armoured divisions in East Germany. This is the closest the world has been to a nuclear war since the Berlin Crisis of 1960. The Eleven Day war is over, and Israel is now the dominating power of the Middle East.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 7-9-1967
Event Description: The Admiral Kutzenov is launched today at Kronstadt, the fifth aircraft Carrier of the Soviet Navy built in the decade, in order to replace the old ships no longer capable of serving. Meanwhile, in India, the Suvorov, the first aircraft carrier of the Soviet Union, built during the years of Molotov, arrives at the port of Calcuta. The 'Suvorov' had been promised to China, but tensions between the People's Republic and the Soviet Union are at an all time high, especially due to the Indian failures during the war with Pakistan, in which China and Russia had put a considerable amount of resources in order to expand their sphere of influence in the area. Sino-Indian relations were also damaged by Lin Biao's interventionist desires in Asia.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 9-22-1967
Event Description: Humiliated from the arab defeat at the hands of Israelis, the High Command of the Red Army, lead by Minister of Defense Malinovsky, begin to draft plans for a military incursion in the Middle East, combined with further military aid for Irak and Syria. The new target of the Soviet Foreign policy is the small nation of Afghanistan.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 11-5-1967
Event Description: Chinese and Indian forces clash at Arunachal Pradesh, in Eastern India, and at Aksai Chin, leaving a death toll of 800 military and civilians. The areas in question have been disputed between both nations for years, but being allies of the Soviet Union, conflict has been prevented so far. With the prospect of war being particulary close now, the Soviet Military is forced to make a choice, so the forces along the Sino-Soviet border are mobilized as a warning against Lin Biao and the People's Republic. India is vital for the Soviet position in the Indian Ocean, while China is the same in the far East. Despite the possibility of damaging sino-soviet alliance, a war in Asia would be catastrophical for the Eastern Bloc.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 11-7-1967
Event Description: King Zahir Shah of Afghanistan is killed in Kabul by marxist agents, according to the authorities. Suspecting that the KGB was involved in the assasination (a suspicion that turned out to be right), the military declares martial law. The reaction of the communist People's Democratic Party was an open revolution against the new military regime, escalating the conflict into a civil war by the end of the month.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 12-15-1967
Event Description: With Afghanistan de-estabilized and on the brink of becoming a communist satellite, the Soviet Union intervenes in the civil war currently destroying much of the small country in central asia. 9 divisions, including 3 armoured divisions brought from Eastern Europe that spearhead the attack, take part in the invasion. Kabul is taken by paratroopers of the Red Army and by Christmas, the whole country is under soviet occupation, or at least that is what Georgi Malenkov is told by his generals.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 1-5-1968
Event Description: Reformist Alexander Dubček comes to power in Czechoslovakia, promising reform in the political and economical system in order to liberalize the decadent communist regime, creating 'socialism with a human face'. The Economy of Czechoslovakia and many eastern European countries, including the Soviet Union itself have been declining due to the inhability of the Central Committee to adapt to change and the continuous arms race with the West, which requires massive amount of resources, especially now that President Wayne is determined to outspend the East. Dubček's reforms include increasing the freedom of the press, putting emphasis on Consumer goods and even talks about a possible multi-party government in the future. For the moment, the people of Czechoslovakia are full of hope, while in the Kremlin the Politburo is in a different mood.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 2-3-1968
Event Description: Soviet General Secretary Georgi Malenkov orders the mobilization of the Warsaw Pact armed Forces in Hungary, East Germany, Poland, Romania and Bulgaria in order to bring Czechoslovakia closer to Moscow, as the reforms Dubcek has started are seen as dangerous to the Eastern Bloc and a treason to the Marxist-Leninist ideology. Yet, the Soviet Union has considerable resources of the Red Army at Afghanistan, the border with China and East Germany, meaning that most of the troops taking part in the czech intervention will have to come from the other Warsaw Pact members, at least a 50% of the invasion force.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 2-11-1968
Event Description: Massive strikes begin in all major cities of Poland and Hungary, as the unions refuse to continue their work unless better conditions for the workers and the citizens in general are established by the communist government. Now it seems that the Warsaw pact will be forced to intervene in three nations rather than one, so large sections of the Red Army are mobilized. Meanwhile, in the West, President Wayne and Prime Minister Heath announce their support for the insurrection in Czechoslovakia and the other Eastern European nations. Western Agents in the Warsaw pact nations continue to support the protesters and the unions.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 2-24-1968
Event Description: Several divisions of the Pakistani Military are mobilized along the border with Afghanistan, forcing the Soviet Union to send more troops to the small country in order to prevent any foreign intervention in the area. The Central Committees of Hungary and Poland decide to liberalize their systems and comply with some of the demands of the protesters. Similar insurrections begin in Romania and East Germany.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 3-6-1968
Event Description: The armed forces of Hungary and East Germany open fire on protesters in East Berlin, Budapest, Gyor, Rostock and other big cities of both nations. 120 are dead in both countries, and now the anti-government protests are full scale insurrections.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 3-14-1968
Event Description: The Red Army enters Poland to restore soviet rule over the country, but they are stalled by the terrible conditions of the roads, damaged by acts of sabotage. Several polish cities are occupied by the Red Army and thousands are arrested.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 4-8-1968
Event Description: The Communist Regime in East Germany comes to and end. General Secretary Erich Honecker is forced to leave the country for Moscow as the insurrections in the german cities couldn't be handled by the police, which joined the protesters after a few days. Red Army forces in East Germany are mobilized but the East German Army is on the brink of a mutiny.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 4-18-1968
Event Description: The Government of Hungary reluctantly agrees to hold multi-party elections, as Budapest has been seized by angry-workers demanding reform and un-paid army and police officers. With the economies of the Eastern European countries in crisis, the Soviet military intervention can barely keep things in order in Eastern Poland and Romania.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 4-23-1968
Event Description: Yugoslavian Dictator Josif Broz 'Tito' visits Prague and meets with General Secretary Alexander Dubcek, offering full support and friendship. Tito's next visit is in Hungary, which resently rebelled against Soviet Rule. In the West Germany, Several NATO Divisions are mobilized in case of a desperate soviet last revengue against the West.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 5-1-1968
Event Description: The Red Army kills 200 protesters in Bucharest, Romania, triggering even bigger revolts in Bulgaria and the romanian countryside. In East Germany, the rump Central Committee agrees to liberalize the economic and political system, just as the Czech governemnt had.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 5-10-1968
Event Description: Soviet troops enter the free and demilitarized city of Berlin in order to quell an anti-communist revolt in the city. As a response, President Wayne threatens to use all the means at his disposal to keep the the soviets out of Berlin, like they had promised in 1960.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 6-2-1968
Event Description: General Secretary Georgi Malenkov makes a shocking announcement: the Soviet Union will not intervene in the affairs of the Eastern European nations any further, leaving them to follow their own path. After years of competition with the west, the soviet Economy is in it's worst shape since the 1930s, and with 800,000 troops in Afghanistan and another 950,000 along the Chinese border as a deterrent force, the Soviet army is in no position of intervening in Europe and mantaining the soviet sphere of influence in Asia.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 6-24-1968
Event Description: The first Red army units that leave Romania and Eastern Poland leave countries that have rennounced to communism. Bulgaria ceases to be communist two weeks later, and East Germany will begin reunification talks with West Germany within a year.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 7-18-1968
Event Description: Multi-Party elections are held in Hungary, giving a small majority to a socialist-liberal coalition over the conservatives and the communists. Similar elections are to be held in Poland and Romania within months.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 8-17-1968
Event Description: Disappointed by the non-interventionist actitude of Premier Georgi Malenkov, the hardliners in the Red Army depose him and seize control of Moscow. A provisional government in Moscow declares Malenkov a traitor and orders the mobilization of the Soviet army in order to restore communist rule in Eastern Europe. Despite the boldness of the Red Army generals in Moscow, the ancient capital is all that they control.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 8-24-1968
Event Description: Democratic National Convention: an extremely complicated affair, as the Cold War seems to be dying out in favor of the west and the economy is in good shape. Four people seek the nomination, Senator Robert Kennedy of New York, representing the Northwest, former Governor George Wallace of Alabama, representing the South, Senator Eugene McCarthy of Minnesota, an anti-war candidate opposing the wars in Vietnam and Indonesia, and also from Minnesota, the man who finally gets the nomination, Senator Humbert Humphrey. As for the vice-presidential nomination, it goes to Senator George Smathers of Florida, so as to provide some geographical balance to the ticket. Eugene McCarthy and the anti-war faction of the party walks out of the convention, threatening with a third party candidacy that would split the party. George Wallace of Alabama, on the other hand, rather than running on his own, decides to throw his support behind President John Wayne, a republican that nevertheless shares Wallace's strong anti-communist stand.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 8-28-1968
Event Description: Republican National Convention: President John Wayne and Vice-President Joe Foss are easily renominated for a second term. Opposition is inexistent.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 9-14-1968
Event Description: The Rebel army generals in Moscow finally surrender. They never had the support of the russian people nor even the Politburo. Georgi Malenkov returns to the Kremlin, but his position has been damaged to a extent that forces him to resign, the first Russian or Soviet leader to do so, not including the abdication of Tsar Nicholas II in 1917.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 10-10-1968
Event Description: An October surprise: General Secretary Malenkov announces his resignation in a televised speech throughout the Soviet Union and the world. This comes as a surprise for the Politburo, that had hoped to silence Malenkov and send him to an exile in India. In his speech, Malenkov dennounces several of his comrades in the Politburo as traitors, and states that the cold war is essentially over. Eastern Europe has been lost, the soviet economy is on the verge of collapsing and the Red Army is no longer able to mantain the order in the Soviet Empire. Nevertheless, the old Premier refuses to adknowledge the victory of the United States, claiming that 'they will fall, they will be buried.' Despite this last warning, it seems that the Cold war is over and the Soviets have given up.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 11-5-1968
Event Description: President John Wayne is reelected in a landslide, with the race riots mostly over, the economy stabilized once again and the threat of a nuclear Holocaust gone forever due to the end of the Cold War. Wayne wins a 56% of the popular vote to the 39% of Humphrey and the 6% of Eugene McCarthy. The Electoral Vote is not as close, as the Humphrey is only able to carry the state of Massachusetts and the distric of Columbia, giving Wayne 49 states of the Union. Wayne/Foss: 521 Electoral votes; Humphrey/Smathers: 17 Electoral votes.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 11-11-1968
Event Description: After winning re-election over Humphrey, President John Wayne addresses the nation from the White House in a televised speech. "My fellow americans, now we stand in the crossroads of history. We have come out the most important and dangerous wars in the history of mankind. We have faced an enemy just as strong as us, if not stronger, and we have prevailed...In the fight against the forces of totalitarism and tyranny, we have prevailed. In this war of hate and ideologies, we have emerged as the victors. I appear in front of you know to assert my belief that this is now a better world, a safer world, for our allies, for our families, for our children, for Us. We have made this world, once again, safe for Democracy...As we speak, from Stettin in the Baltic to Constaza in the Black sea, the red clouds of tyranny and authoritarims have disappeared and now the sun shines once more over the skies of Europe... A brighter future await us, a future of freedom, truth and democracy, the world of Tomorrow...Thank you, may God bless America."

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 12-3-1968
Event Description: Soviet Minister of Defense Mikhail Suslov becomes the new General Secretary of the Soviet Communist Party, with Alexey Kosygin as the Premier of the Soviet Union. Suslov promises reform and begins to plan a new foreing policy aimed at neutrality but maintaining the strenght of the Soviet Union.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 2-23-1969
Event Description: The Governments of the Soviet Union and the United States begin negotiations towards Test Ban Treaty, to ban nuclear tests in the atmosphere and above ground. There are also some talks about the limitation and reduction of Strategic arms, especially the Intercontinental and Medium Range missiles.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 3-16-1969
Event Description: Forced by the events of 1968, Chairman Josip Broz 'Tito' begins a series of political and economic reforms so as to appease the people of Yugoslavia. It will not be an easy task though, as the multi-ethnic nature of the Yugoslavian state will also force Tito to be extremely careful regarding the croats, albanians and slovenes, and their rights.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 3-29-1969
Event Description: The Adlai E. Stevenson Presidential Library is inaugurated at Chicago, Illinois. Attending the ceremony there are former presidents Adlai Stevenson and Barry Goldwater, who is still in a wheel chair, and current president John Wayne, who nevertheless does not give any speech at the occassion.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 4-11-1969
Event Description: The Berlin Treaty is signed by representatives of France, the United Kingdom, East and West Germany, the Soviet Union and the United States, officially recognizing the reunification of Germany and the end of the joint occupation of the country. All allied troops will have left by 1970, with the exception of the US Personal in the NATO bases.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 4-18-1969
Event Description: Germany is officially reunified as a single and sovereign nation. The capital of the German Federal Republic will be once more the city of Berlin, which has been a neutral zone since the Berlin Crisis of 1960. Chancellor Willy Brandt gives a moving speech in front of the Bradenburg Gate, which once divided the soviet and allied occupation zones of the city. 'Today, is a day of pride and joy...now the brothers are reunited, finally all the germans are united under the banners of democracy,freedom and independence...Let it be known that the nation of Germany will forever be a standard-bearer of peace and Liberty...equality, justice and Freedom will be the bases to our society and our policy'.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 7-16-1969
Event Description: Apollo 11 lands on the Moon. Astrounats Neil Amstrong and Michael Collins become the first men to walk on Earth's Satellite. Armstrong's first word on the moon are "Houston, Tranquility Base here. The Eagle has landed."His following words will be more remembered in the future: "That's one small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind".

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 9-14-1969
Event Description: Chinese and Indian troops clash at Arunachal Padresh and Kashmir, just as in 1967, except that this time the Soviet Union will not intervene in the behalf of any part. The war in Afghanistan and the collapse of the Eastern Bloc has lead to a policy of isolationism in the Soviet Union.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 12-19-1969
Event Description: Chairman Lin Biao gives a dramatic speech to the Chinese central Committee, dennouncing the Soviet Union as a treacherous entity and Mikhail Suslov as a traitor to the ideals of Marx, Lenin and Mao. As the former leader of the People's Liberation Army, Chairman Lin has implemented a policy of peace through strenght, with said strenght depending on the capabilities of the People's Liberation Army.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 2-10-1970
Event Description: Austria and Finland are officially admitted to the European Economic Community. Without the pressures of the Soviet Union and the Eastern Bloc, both nations have been able to abandon their policies of neutrality and join the organization, although there are some talks about reforming the EEC so as to turn it into something more than an economic alliance.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 3-9-1970
Event Description: Multi-Party elections are held in Yugoslavia: Tito's Socialist Union gains a majority in the parliament and He will remain as Chairman of the Party and Premier. A negative effect, nevertheless, is the new present of croatian and serbian nationalists in the new Parliament, advocating for special cultural recognizition and autonomy.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 5-2-1970
Event Description: The People's Republic of China begins to test Medium-Range missiles at the strait of Formosa. The third Taiwan Strait Crisis will however, be over by the end of the month, as the tests were nothing more than a warning about the power of the PRC, not only to Taiwan and the United States, but to the USSR and India as well.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 6-13-1970
Event Description: Troops of the People's Liberation Army and the Indian army clash once again at Arunachal Pradesh and now at the province of Sikkim, between the free nations of Bhutan and Nepal. Nevertheless, the situation is different that the one of 1967 and 1969, and now Lin Biao will not hesitate to attack India, which is military inferior to China.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 6-20-1970
Event Description: China launches a massive invasion of India at Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim and Kashmir, with a force of 1,200,000 men of the PLA. Within days, the indian troops are forced to retreat and the Chinese air force wins the battles for the skies of Northern India and Kashmir. Fierce fighting continues along the Brahmaputa river and at the heights of Kashmir. Despite the overwhelming numerical superiority of the chinese, the indians have the terrain to their advantage and the determination to defend their nation from the totalitarian invasors.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 6-26-1970
Event Description: New Dehli is bombarded by the Chinese air Force. Prime Minister Indira Gandhi is forced to relocate with most of the government to Bombay. Meanwhile, PLA forces cross the Brahmaputra and enter the province of Assam, where they find heavy chinese resistance. At Kashmir and northern India, the bloodiest battles of the war take place, as the bulk of the Indian and Chinese armies is concentrated in that area. The battle for the small town of Chamoli becomes the biggest infantry battle since the Second world war, as over 200,000 indian and chinese soldiers move to the small town so as to control the vital road in which the town is located.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 7-1-1970
Event Description: The United Nations condemns the Sino-Indian war and the atrocities committed by both sides. The Soviet Union is particulary concerned, as India has been a loyal ally for over a decade. Soviet Military advisors and material are secretly sent, but a war with China is the last thing the USSR needs for the moment. Lucknow, Kanpur, Allahabad, Ahmabad, New Dehli and Calcuta are bombed by chinese planes.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 7-9-1970
Event Description: The Battle of New Dehli becomes the largest air battle in history, as the People's Liberation Air Force and the Indian Air Force clash over the skies of the Indian capital. At the end, the chinese numerical advantage is not enough to counter the indian determination and anti-aircraft fire coming from the ground. In Meghalaya, the battle for Shillong takes the lives of 50,000 people.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 7-23-1970
Event Description: Completely desperate to hold the chinese and prevent a general collapse of the front, the use of chemical weapons at the Kashmir front is authorized by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and the Minister of Defense. Mustard and nerv gas are used at Dhera Dun, Rampur, Kullu and Pauri, where chinese forces were being concentrated. Days later, the chinese response gets to India, as the planes and missiles of the People's Republic begin to fall over the indian lines at Kashmir and even at Dehli. By the end of the week, chemical weapons have killed 400,000 people. This is the bloodiest war in 30 years.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 8-4-1970
Event Description: The United Nations, the European Economic Community and the United States warn with economic sanctions to both sides if they continue to use chemical weapons. The Soviet Response is more dramatic: 800,000 troops along the Amur are mobilized, as are 200,000 Red Army soldiers in Central Asia. General Secretary Mikhail Suslov threatens with military actions if the crisis is not solved and India left alone. Of Course, Suslov has no intentions to go to war with China, especially over India, but Lin is not willing to take any chances, and Suslov's gamble pays off; the chinese offer a ceasefire.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 8-17-1970
Event Description: The Sino-Indian war is officially over. Estimated casualties are: 300,000 chinese military deads, 450,000 indian military deads, 670,000 indian civilian deads. The real numbers are probably much higher. The People's Republic of China will gain the territory of Arunachal padresh, also known as Southern Tibet, as well as several sections of Kashmir and Northern India. Several sections of the Indian border with China will be demilitarized. India admits her defeat. No war reparations will be paid, and there will be no further war between the two nations.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 9-25-1970
Event Description: Taking advantage from the chaos in Southeast Asia, the rebels in East Pakistan declare independence as the Republic of Bangladesh, with its capital at Dacca and a government just a bit too radical for the tastes of the west, but just fine for Chairman Lin Biao, the main sponsor of the new state.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 12-13-1970
Event Description: The last group of American military advisors is withdrawn from South Vietnam. With the end of the Cold war, a ceasefire was signed between the Vietcong and South Vietnam, making the presence of military advisors there unneccessary. Anti-Communist advocates in the United States argue that if Vietnam falls to Communism, southeast asia will do so as well, but President Wayne sees no reason to involve the United States in an unpopular war.

Timeline Number: 4169
Event Date: 12-31-1970
Event Description: This timeline will be continued in Timeline 4181, Red Sunset II: an Uneasy peace.


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