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Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 1-20-1969
Event Description: This is "Lee Union Part 7: To Boldly Go." Hubert Horatio Humphrey is sworn in as the 38th President of the United States by the new Chief Justice, William J. Brennan. He has a habit of giving long speeches, but his Inaugural Address is mercifully short, about 18 minutes. He paraphrases the opening of the TV show "Star Trek": "Our technology, our diversity, and, of course, our freedom have made this nation one of infinite possibility. We have the opportunity to boldly go where no nation has gone before."

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 2-12-1969
Event Description: It is called THE FIGHT by the promoters. Heavyweight champion Muhammad Ali is 34-0, challenger Joe Frazier is 26-0, and they get it on at Madison Square Garden in New York. The fight is brutal, and Frazier wins as many rounds as Ali. Finally, in the last minute of the 15th and final round, Frazier throws a devastating left hook, and puts Ali on the canvas for the first time since he became champion. But Ali gets up, gets mad, and gets even. He hits Frazier with a flurry of crushing blows, and, with 15 seconds left in the round and the fight, sends Smokin' Joe to the floor with a right uppercut. Frazier can't get up in time. Ali wins what many consider the greatest heavyweight fight ever by a knockout -- and by five seconds. For the rest of their lives, people will wonder if Frazier could have won by decision had he gotten up before the count of ten. Frazier demands a rematch.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 3-4-1969
Event Description: Secretary of State Stuart Symington, sent by President Hubert Humphrey, negotiates a settlement of border skirmishes between the Russian Republic and the People's Republic of China along the Ussuri River. This conflict had been seen as the closest call for a nuclear war between any pair of nations since the Taiwan Missile Crisis seven years earlier, and the first one not involving the United States. For this action, Symington, a former Senator from Missouri and Deputy Secretary of Defense, will receive the Nobel Peace Prize.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 4-7-1969
Event Description: The Major League Baseball season opens at District of Columbia Stadium in Washington. President Hubert H. Humphrey throws out the first ball. The host Washington Senators start Camilo Pascual, a righthander from Cuba who was once The best curveball pitcher in the game when he pitched for the franchise formerly known as the Senators, now the Minnesota Twins. Mel Stottlemyre, a righthander from Washington State and a fine pitcher near his peak, starts for the visiting New York Yankees. The Yanks win the game, 1-0, on Mickey Mantle's eighth-inning single, driving home Roy White. Pascual pitches well in defeat, but after this fine performance will prove to be over the hill. The Senators are playing their first game with former Boston Red Sox legend Ted Williams as their manager. D.C. Stadium is also home to the National Football League's Washington Federals. No one has any intention of changing the name of the stadium.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 4-11-1969
Event Description: Alan Shepard, who nine years ago became the first American in space, today becomes the greatest athlete in the solar system -- if, that is, golfers are to be considered athletes. As part of the Apollo X mission, he uses a space-age golf club to hit a golf ball on the Moon. Not only, with the Moon's lesser gravity, does his drive set a record for the longest ever hit by an Earthman, but the ball is likely to remain in lunar orbit far longer than his space capsule. Stuart Roosa and Edgar Mitchell also participate in this mission.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 5-9-1969
Event Description: French President Charles deGaulle is found dead in his bed this morning. He had been writing his memoirs the night before, and went to bed extremely tired. deGaulle had been a veteran and hero of the Wars of 1914 and 1938. The new president is Prime Minister Georges Pompidiu, who will be serving during the rest of deGaulle's term.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 6-6-1969
Event Description: The third-season finale of "Star Trek" airs. "Turnabout Intruder" tells of Janice Lester (played by Sandra Smith), a former girlfriend of Captain James F. Kirk (William Shatner). Now criminally insane, she escapes from a holding cell and finds a way to switch bodies with the Captain, to give him an idea of what it is like to be a woman -- and to give herself an idea of what it is like to command the flagship of Starfleet. Her plan is foiled, but not before Kirk realizes that she has a point: He has treated women unfairly over the years. He begins to take stock of his life, and he wonders if the woman he truly loves has been right there all along -- and is not, as is widely believed, the starship Enterprise "herself." The success of the U.S. space program has boosted the show's ratings, so to speak, to the Moon. NBC renews the show for a fourth season.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 7-1-1969
Event Description: The 25th Amendment to the Constitution is ratified, lowering the national voting age from 21 to 18. Georgia and Kentucky had already lowered the age to vote in State and local elections to 18, Alaska and Hawaii to 19, and New Hampshire to 20. Now it is 18, in all States, in all elections to all offices at all levels.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 7-20-1969
Event Description: The Apollo XI mission lands on the Moon, the fifth to do so, with commander David Scott, lunar module pilot James Irwin and command module pilot Alfred Worden. Worden had appeared on "Mister Rogers' Neighborhood," a children's program on the new Public Broadcasting Service (PBS), discussing the space program. Later in the year, he would return to the program, showing host Fred Rogers some Moon rocks and other artifacts from the space program.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 8-14-1969
Event Description: President Humphrey signs into law MediKid, which provides Medicare-style coverage to children age 12 and under, to pregnant women, and to women with children age three and under. The Democratic-controlled House had no trouble passing it, but the Republican-controlled Senate nearly derailed it, as it originally extended national health insurance to all U.S. citizens age 17 and under.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 9-14-1969
Event Description: The Philadelphia Eagles open the season at Franklin Field. Having won two of their last three games the year before, they had missed out on the top pick in this year's NFL Draft, and so Southern California running back O.J. Simpson went to the Buffalo Bills. It will be many years before Eagle fans will feel relieved by this. They have the second pick, Purdue running back Leroy Keyes, whose pro career will be a bust. Their second-round pick is Alabama receiver Richmond Flowers Jr., son of the Vice President of the United States. In the off-season, the younger Flowers had married Lucia Chew, and will soon be the father of Richmond Flowers III. In his first pro game, he catches six passes for 85 yards and a touchdown, and the Eagles defeat the Cleveland Browns, 31-27.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 10-7-1969
Event Description: The St. Louis Cardinals trade outfielders Curt Flood and Byron Browne, catcher Tim McCarver and pitcher Joe Hoerner to the Philadelphia Phillies for first baseman Richie Allen -- who now prefers to be called Dick Allen -- second baseman Octavio "Cookie" Rojas and pitcher Jerry Johnson. Both Flood and Allen had poor seasons and had squabbled with management. This is basically a trade of "my headache for yours." But Flood doesn't want to play for the Phillies. He and his wife have a good home in St. Louis. He's building a business there. He writes to Commissioner Bowie Kuhn, and tells him that he doesn't want to go. The bid to challenge baseball's reserve clause, binding a player to his team for as long as that team wants him, is on.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 10-15-1969
Event Description: Catherine Crandall is born in New Brunswick, New Jersey. Her mother, a New York Mets fan, was shocked into labor by the Mets' remarkable 10-inning win over the Baltimore Orioles in Game 4 of the World Series. The Mets will win the Series tomorrow afternoon, completing a "miracle" season. Thousands of people pour into the streets of Manhattan, but it has nothing to do with a war. America is currently at peace. The demonstration is for the Mets.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 10-26-1969
Event Description: Apollo XII lands on the Moon, with John Young and Charles Duke on the lunar surface and Ken Mattingly piloting the command module. These missions to the Moon are getting awfully routine.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 11-14-1969
Event Description: Landings on the Moon have become routine for America, but not for other nations. Today, Luna I lands on the Moon, making the Russian Republic the second nation to land men there. The cosmonauts who walk on the Moon are Aleksei Leonov and Vladislav Volkov, with Viktor Gorbatko in the command module orbiting the Moon. They arrive 16 days after the American mission Apollo XII leaves lunar orbit. Despite their achievement, the Russians have boldly gone where the Americans have gone before.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 12-8-1969
Event Description: Due to an unprecedented stink raised by fans of the football team at Pennsylvania State University, demanding that their undefeated team, ranked Number 2 in the country, be named as the opponents for undefeated and Number 1-ranked Texas, the Cotton Bowl, which accepts the Southwest Conference Champion, gives Penn State its other bid. The teams will play each other on New Year's Day.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 12-18-1969
Event Description: Britain's Parliament outlaws capital punishment. Also in London, the film "On Her Majesty's Secret Service" premieres. It is the eighth film featuring Bond, James Bond, Agent 007 of Britain's MI6. With Sean Connery quitting the series to tak on other projects, this film marks the debut in the role of the third Bond, Roger Moore. Diana Rigg stars as Tracy Draco, Countess di Vicenzo, who becomes the first and -- through 2007, only official -- Mrs. James Bond. Prior to their wedding, James and Tracy stop Bond's arch-nemesis, Ernst Stavro Blofeld, head of the terrorist organization SPECTRE, from launching biological warfare. The marriage lasts mere hours, as she is assassinated by Blofeld. Bond survives, but is stricken with grief. He vows revenge. Bond-film fans are upset at this result, but generally approve of Moore's performance, some of them suggesting that neither Connery nor David Niven could've pulled it off emotionally. There is another premiere on this day: Michael Pacholek is born in Livingston, New Jersey. For the moment, this is not seen as a significant event outside his family.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 1-1-1970
Event Description: The University of Texas wins the Cotton Bowl in Dallas, defeating Penn State, 24-10, to win the Number 1 vs. Number 2 matchup and college football's National Championship. Penn State fans got what they wanted, the right to play for the National Championship, and they paid for it. There will be no Playoff in college football anytime soon.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 1-15-1970
Event Description: President Hubert Humphrey, a big baseball fan, calls Commissioner Bowie Kuhn to the White House. He tells Kuhn to get rid of the reserve clause before the season starts on April 6. Kuhn, a lawyer, asks the President what he'll do if there is no solution. He tells Kuhn that he'll ask Congress to take away baseball's antitrust exemption. Kuhn takes the threat seriously, and calls Players' Association Director Marvin Miller, to see if something can be worked out.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 1-28-1970
Event Description: Baseball Commissioner Bowie Kuhn and Players' Association Director Marvin Miller have worked out a deal. The reserve clause, binding a player to his team indefinitely unless traded or he voluntarily retires, will not be dropped, but will be limited to players with at least ten seasons of experience -- at least one game played in any ten seasons -- or at least 32 years of age. This means, among other things, that All-Star center fielder Curt Flood, recently traded from the St. Louis Cardinals to the Philadelphia Phillies, can refuse the trade, and either ask to stay with the Cards or be traded to another team. Clearly, the Cards don't want him anymore.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 2-3-1970
Event Description: The St. Louis Cardinals trade center fielder Curt Flood to the Washington Senators for first baseman Greg Goossen, outfielder Gene Martin and pitcher Jeff Terpko. Flood had met with Senators owner Bob Short, who said he would help Flood find a place to live in the D.C. area and set him up with someone who could open a new business for him, satisfying his concerns about being traded out of St. Louis. To complete the trade that would've sent Flood to the Philadelphia Phillies, the Cards send first baseman Willie Montanez.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 4-16-1970
Event Description: The Apollo XIII mission suffers a disaster as a liquid oxygen tank explodes. There is now no chance that astronauts Gene Cernan, Ronald Evans and Harrison "Jack" Schmitt can land on the Moon. The big question now is whether they can get home alive.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 4-18-1970
Event Description: The Russian spacecraft Luna II is launched. Russian President Leonid Brezhnev offers President Hubert H. Humphrey the crew's help to aid the damaged Apollo XIII craft. Humphrey accepts, and contacts Mission Control in Houston.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 4-19-1970
Event Description: Luna II and Apollo XIII dock in space, becoming the first international space mission. The Russian cosmonauts, Vladimir Shatalov, Aleksei Yeliseyev and Vitaliy Sevastyanov, help American astronauts Gene Cernan, Ron Evans and Jack Schmitt repair the damaged command module. The craft separate, and both splash down safely in the Pacific Ocean. It is the greatest example of international cooperation since the Korean War, 20 years earlier.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 4-30-1970
Event Description: President Hubert Humphrey announces that he has been invited to a summit meeting in China by Premier Deng Xiaoping, and that he has accepted. The summit, which Deng suggested after Secretary of State Stuart Symington's peaceful resolution of last year's Ussuri River border crisis with Russia, will take place in October. Democrats and moderate Republicans cheer this move as a step forward for world peace. Conservatives in both parties are appalled that HHH would speak with the one Communist nation on Earth as an equal. Senator George Wallace of Alabama, a Democrat-turned-Republican, running to regain his State's Governorship -- a move nearly everyone interprets as trying to boost his planned Presidential campaign for 1972 -- demands HHH's impeachment. Wallace receives a lengthy lecture on the floor of the Senate from Robert Byrd, Democrat of Virginia, who explains in mind-numbing detail how the Constitution of the United States and the rules of the Senate do not allow impeachment of the President for anything like that, only for "treason, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors." When Byrd's soliloquy is finally finished, several Senators stand and applaud. This awkakens Senator Strom Thurmond of South Carolina, who had fallen asleep halfway through Byrd's speech.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 5-4-1970
Event Description: President Hubert H. Humphrey receives an honorary degree at Kent State University in Ohio. He gives a speech about humanity's quest for peace, and how his summit with Chinese Premiere Deng Xiaoping, planned for October, will further the cause. As he is leaving the campus, a shot rings out. Secret Service head in the direction of the shot, and see a man escaping from a back door of a fraternity house. They quickle tackle and arrest him. His name is James Earl Ray, and his attempt is successful: President Humphrey dies of a massive blood loss at Robinson Memorial Hospital in Kent. He is just short of his 59th birthday. He is the fifth President to be assassinated, following Robert E. Lee (1865), James Garfield (1894), Thomas J. Jarvis (1901) and Albert Gore (1963). Within minutes of the announcement, Richmond McDavid Flowers, the Vice President, is sworn in as the nation's 39th President in the East Room of the White House. Ray, claiming he killed Humphrey for acting in favor of Communist causes, will be convicted and sentenced to 99 years in prison. Prior to his 1998 death from liver disease, however, he will claim that he did not kill Humphrey, and that he was set up by a conspiracy, but he never named any of the conspirators.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 5-8-1970
Event Description: At the State Funeral for President Humphrey at Washington's National Cathedral, President Flowers announces that he will take up Humphrey's October summit in China. "The opponents of peace will not succeed," he says, "and the supporters of peace will not be intimidated. Hubert Humphrey now goes to his grave, but he goes to his grave undefeated." Humphrey will be buried tomorrow at a location at the University of Minnesota, where a Presidential Museum has been set up as the beginnings of a Presidential Library.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 5-17-1970
Event Description: President Richmond Flowers appoints Helen Meyner to be the new Vice President. A television personality who used her fame to be elected the youngest Governor in New Jersey history, she will be easily confirmed.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 6-11-1970
Event Description: Aleksandr Kerensky, father of the Russian Republic, dies in Petrograd, formerly St. Petersburg. He was 89 years old, and one of the last surviving major figures of the World War I era. President Leonid Brezhnev reluctantly orders a state funeral for the Republic's first President, who served from 1917 to 1942.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 9-23-1970
Event Description: Congregationalist minister and anti-poverty activist Andrew Young, formerly an aide to Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. (who has spoken on his behalf), wins the runoff for the Democratic Primary for Governor of Georgia, edging State Senator Jimmy Carter. The vote is tantamount to election, as the State Republican Party is currently rather weak.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 9-30-1970
Event Description: Apollo XIV is launched. America returns to space, and to the Moon, after the near-disaster of Apollo XIII.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 10-2-1970
Event Description: The Chicago Cubs win a one-game playoff for the National League Eastern Division title, defeating the Pittsburgh Pirates, 4-3 at Wrigley Field. The game is won by an eighth-inning home run by third baseman Ron Santo. After last year's heartbreak of losing the N.L. East to the New York Mets, this time, manager Buck O'Neil has taken his team to first place.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 10-7-1970
Event Description: Fergie Jenkins shuts out the Big Red Machine, Ernie Banks finally hits his first postseason home run after 18 years in the Major Leagues, and the Chicago Cubs defeat the Cincinnati Reds, 5-0 at Riverfront Stadium, to win Game 5 of the National League Championship Series, and win their first Pennant in 25 years. Manager John "Buck" O'Neil has now won Pennants in both the Negro Leagues and the Major Leagues. When the team gets back to Chicago, the police have to clear thousands of fans off the runway at O'Hare International Airport before the plane can land.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 10-15-1970
Event Description: For the Baltimore Orioles, it is sweet revenge. For the Chicago Cubs, the dream is over a few winks too early. Thanks to the hitting and especially the sensational fielding of third baseman Brooks Robinson, the Orioles defeat the Cubs, 9-3, to win Game 5 and take the World Series. It is the closest the Cubs have come to winning the Series since 1945, and the closest that Cub shortstop Ernie Banks will ever get to winning one. The Cubs still haven't won it all since 1908, while the Orioles have now won two in the last five seasons, although they were embarrassed by the New York Mets in last year's Series.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 10-22-1970
Event Description: President Richmond Flowers and Premier Deng Xiaoping meet in the Forbidden City in Peking (later renamed Beijing). While they will not part as allies, Deng assures Flowers that China will not attack Taiwan, Korea, Japan or any other U.S. ally. Flowers convinces Deng to join him in a "super summit," with Prime Ministers Edward Heath of Britain and Pierre Trudeau of Canada, President Georges Pompidou of France and Chancellor Willy Brandt of Germany. Now, all they have to do is convince Premier Leonid Brezhnev of Russia. That's easier said than done.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 10-27-1970
Event Description: President Richmond Flowers returns from his summit in China. Before returning to Washington, he stops in California. He briefly meets with Governor Ronald Reagan in San Francisco. Assuming he wins re-election two weeks from now, Reagan stands to be the front-runner for the Republican nomination in 1972. Flowers has not yet announced whether he will run for a term of his own. But after Air Force One takes off, Reagan returns to Sacramento and holds a press conference regarding the meeting. "Of course they got along so well," Reagan says. "You need Deng to make Flowers grow!" The California press corps, used to Reagan's quirky sense of humor, laughs along with him. But when the joke gets around the country... liberals are infuriated that he would speak that way about the President of the United States, while conservatives, already furious with Flowers for meeting with the Communist dictator, are now convinced that Reagan is America's last hope for a recovery of moral values and the re-establishment of a Christian nation.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 11-3-1970
Event Description: The Republicans make slight gains in both houses of Congress, but enough to regain control of the House, and widen their lead in the Senate. Ronald Reagan is re-elected Governor of California.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 11-9-1970
Event Description: William L. Dawson, the former Illinois Congressman who became America's first black Vice President, serving from 1949 to 1953, dies in Chicago at the age of 84.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 11-19-1970
Event Description: Former Vice President J. Parnell Thomas dies of cancer at age 75. He remains the highest-ranking American politician ever to be convicted of a crime and serve time in prison. He served as Vice President from January 1946 to January 1949, and as prisoner from December 1949 to June 1951. Strangely, he dies just 10 days after his successor as Vice President, William L. Dawson, the first black person to hold the position.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 1-26-1971
Event Description: Apollo XV is launched, and will land on the Moon.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 2-24-1971
Event Description: President Flowers & Premier Brezhnev sign the SCIENCE Treaty: Space Construction, Investigation and Exploration by Nations in Cooperation for Eternity. In the coming months, it will be ratified by Britain, France and Germany as well.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 3-8-1971
Event Description: Joe Frazier finally gets his rematch with Muhammad Ali, at Caesar's Palace in Las Vegas. The 28-1 Frazier faces the 36-0 Ali, the only man to beat him, and slugs it out through 11 of the scheduled 12 rounds. But in the 12th, Frazier's vicious left hook staggers Ali. The man who calls himself "The Greatest of All Time" stays up, but the decision is unanimous: Frazier wins. Ali admits that, for the first time, another fighter got the better of him. But now, he says there needs to be a third fight. Frazier won't let him have one. Ali begins a campaign of questioning Frazier's character, courage and manhood -- along with his appearance, which he has always mocked.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 4-15-1971
Event Description: The Academy Awards are held in Hollywood. "Patton," telling the story of the World War II experiences of the man who would become the 34th President of the United States, wins Best Picture, Best Director for Franklin Schaffner, and Best Actor for George C. Scott. Scott, who becomes the first person to win an Academy Award for playing a President (or a person who would go on to become President), did not show up for the ceremony, and, upon being told he had won, declines the award, saying he doesn't believe actors should compete with each other. He had previously declined two Oscar nominations, calling the ceremony "a meat parade."

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 4-16-1971
Event Description: Apollo XVI is launched, and will land on the Moon.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 4-21-1971
Event Description: Germany completes its space program's mission by landing Mond V, with three astronauts, on the Moon, joining America and Russia in the Lunar Club. They had wanted to land the day before, but someone reminded their mission control that April 20 was the birthday of Adolf Hitler, so the launch was postponed for a day.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 4-26-1971
Event Description: John Kerry is a very bored prosecutor in the office of the District Attorney of Middlesex County, Massachusetts. He has led a life of privilege, with harldy any chances to stand out. He once thought of joining the Navy, but, with his country not at war at the time, he figured he could just as easily live a life of drudgery at home. Hardly anyone outside of the Boston area has ever heard of him, and, except for a failed run for Congress next year, that will remain true for a long time to come.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 4-27-1971
Event Description: Congressman Bill Green wins the Democratic Primary for Mayor of Philadelphia. He defeats several candidates, including the blustery former Police Commissioner, Frank Rizzo. Green will win the general election against Republican Councilman W. Thatcher Longstreth, and serve three terms, from 1972 to 1984.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 5-14-1971
Event Description: Skylab, the world's first space station, is put into place. It has an American crew, and a Russian crew will join them next month.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 5-16-1971
Event Description: Bill Clinton and Hillary Rodham meet at the library at Yale Law School in New Haven, Connecticut. He says he'd like to teach law school someday, and be elected Governor of Arkansas. She says she'd like to become a crusading defense attorney, and be elected Governor of Illinois. Both say they'd like to be U.S. Attorney General someday.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 5-22-1971
Event Description: The Albert Gore Presidential Library opens at the Gore family farm in Carthage, Tennessee. Supreme Court Justice Pauline Gore, the President's widow, has invited all the living Presidents, including Richmond Flowers, John F. Kennedy, Quentin Roosevelt and Albert "Happy" Chandler, as well as former First Lady Muriel Humphrey. President Gore remains at rest at Arlington National Cemetery, and his remains will not be moved to the Library grounds. The President's son, Albert Jr., recently graduated from law school at Vanderbilt University, as had his parents before him, and gives a moving address. Most observers are now convinced he has a political future ahead of him.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 6-6-1971
Event Description: The science-fiction show "Star Trek" completes its five-year mission. The final episode, "The Greatest Voyage of All," shows Captain James F. Kirk (played by William Shatner) marrying his Communications Officer, Lieutenant Commander Nyota Uhura (Nichelle Nichols). "You know what this means, Spock?" remarks Doctor Leonard "Bones" McCoy (DeForest Kelley) to Commander Spock (Leonard Nimoy), the First Officer, Science Officer and best man. "By marrying Jim, by being the woman who conquered his heart, she managed to boldly go where no woman has gone before! ... Spock! Did I just see a smile out of you?" Spock admits the possibility, and says, "Perhaps this is a proper occasion to be both emotional and illogical." This is the first interracial marriage to be shown on American television. A few angry letters are received by NBC, most of them from the Southeastern United States. Asked about them, Shatner says, "Didn't we settle the racial question in the last century? Even if you don't think it's settled, it's not that big a deal. That's what you say to people like that. It's just a TV show. Get a life, will you, people?" Shatner is wrong about one thing, though: "Star Trek" was never "just a TV show." It is already one of the most popular shows in history.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 9-11-1971
Event Description: Nikita Krushchev dies at the age of 76. He was the second President of the Russian Republic, serving five terms from 1942 to 1967.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 9-17-1971
Event Description: Justice Hugo Black retires due to illness after a record 36 years on the U.S. Supreme Court. He will die just eight days later. In a bipartisan gesture, President Richmond Flowers appoints a Republican, albeit a fairly liberal one, to Black's seat. He is a man that former President Hubert Humphrey had spoken of as a possible future Justice, a fellow Minnesotan named Harry Blackmun. He will be easily confirmed.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 9-20-1971
Event Description: Washington Senators owner Bob Short announces that he is moving the team to the "Metroplex" area in North Texas, in a stadium to be expanded to major-league levels in Arlington, about halfway between downtown Dallas and downtown Fort Worth. Center fielder Curt Flood is very unhappy about this, since Short had set him up with a house and a restaurant in nearby Prince Georges County, Maryland. He asks to be traded to the next-closest team, the Baltimore Orioles. The trade is soon worked out: Flood to Baltimore, and first baseman Chico Salmon and pitcher Dick Hall to the team that will soon be renamed the Texas Rangers.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 9-25-1971
Event Description: Richmond Flowers Jr., son of the President, catches the first touchdown pass in the first football game at Veterans Stadium in Philadelphia. But it is the only score by the home team, as the Philadelphia Eagles lose to the defending NFC Champion Dallas Cowboys, 42-7.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 12-17-1971
Event Description: "Diamonds Are Forever" premieres. Roger Moore makes his second appearance as James Bond, seeking revenge on arch-nemesis Ernst Stavro Blofeld for the killing of his wife Tracy in "On Her Majesty's Secret Service." This is the third straight appearance in the Bond films for the Blofeld character, and he is played by a third different actor: Donald Pleasance for "You Only Live Twice," Telly Savalas for "OHMSS," and now Charles Gray. Country singer and sausage pitchman Jimmy Dean plays reclusive Las Vegas casino owner Willard Whyte, an apparent parody of Howard Hughes. Jill St. John and Lana Wood (sister of Natalie Wood), uh, assist Bond in his pursuit of Blofeld, leading to confrontations in and around Vegas and off the coast of Mexico.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 12-25-1971
Event Description: The longest game in the history of the National Football League (through the 2006 season, anyway) is played at Kansas City Municipal Stadium, the last football game to be played there. It is also the first NFL game to be played on Christmas Day. Tied at the end of regulation, the American Football Conference Divisional Playoff game goes to a second overtime period, before Garo Yepremian, the Armenian-born placekicker, boots a field goal to lead the Memphis Hound Dogs over the host Kansas City Chiefs, 24-21.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 1-15-1972
Event Description: Super Bowl VI is played at Tulane Stadium in New Orleans. After a few close calls as a "team that can't win the big one," the Dallas Cowboys and coach Tom Landry win their first World Championship, defeating the Memphis Hound Dogs, 24-3. Through the 2006 season, it remains the only Super Bowl in which a team prevented its opponent from scoring any touchdowns.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 2-24-1972
Event Description: The Montgomery Advertiser publishing a stunning account of questionable business dealings by Richmond Flowers, now running for a full term as President, when he was Governor of Alabama from 1963 to 1967. The article accuses him of extorting money from savings and loan operators, and applicants who sought licenses to sell securities. The story had been leaked to the paper, located in the State capital, by aides to Flowers' longtime rival, current Governor and Republican Presidential candidate George Wallace, but this will not be known for some time.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 3-4-1972
Event Description: President Richmond Flowers mounts a flatbed truck in front of the offices of the Montgomery Advertiser, which has published accounts of his supposed corruption while Governor in the mid-1960s. He speaks of how the stories are false, and how his political enemies, especially current Governor George Wallace, have manipulated the stories for their own advantage. Subsequent stories have even suggested that First Lady Mary Flowers might have been involved in some way, and that Flowers, while Vice President, might have used his influence to get son Richmond Jr. into the National Football League, where he now plays for the Philadelphia Eagles. "These men," Flowers says, referring to Wallace and the Advertiser, "have shown no decency. By attacking me, they would have been exercising their prerogative, if only they had been truthful. But by attacking my wife, and by attacking my son, they have shown themselves to be gutless cowards. And by being dishonest, they have shown themselves to be goddamned liars." Although many American applaud Flowers for standing up for his family, and perhaps for the truth, many are shocked by his use of the word "goddamned."

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 3-7-1972
Event Description: The New Hampshire Primary is held. President Richmond Flowers is unopposed on the Democratic side, and wins easily. The Republican side is a bit of a surprise, as Governor Ronald Reagan of California easily defeats the other candidates, including Governor George Wallace of Alabama, Governor George Romney of Michigan, Governor Wintrop Rockefeller of Arkansas, Senator William Brock of Tennessee, and Senator Strom Thurmond of South Carolina. Apparently, Mr. Reagan's supporters truly believe their "man of destiny" talk, and made the Republican voters of New Hampshire believe it, too.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 3-14-1972
Event Description: Governor Wallace wins the Florida Republican Primary, as both the leading Southern candidate and a candidate who has not promised to cut Social Security, thus appealing to both the State's rural, conservative north and its senior-citizen-heavy central and southern regions. Governor Reagan is hit hard, and, losing his best chance in the South -- there is, as yet, not much strength in the South Carolina Republican Primary, and North Carolina's is too far off -- Senator Thurmond drops out of the race.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 3-21-1972
Event Description: Governor Reagan wins the Primary in Illinois, the State where he was born. Governor Wallace, though, finishes second, tapping into some Chicago, suburban, and Downstate rural voters concerned with urban crime, which has gone up somewhat in the last few years.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 4-3-1972
Event Description: Leonid Brezhnev is elected to a second term as President of the Russian Republic. Running as the nominee of the Nationalist Party, he again defeats Socialist Party nominee Aleksei Kosygin. This is the first election in the Republic with neither of the two preceding Presidents: Aleksandr Kerensky and Nikita Krushchev have both died within the last two years.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 5-2-1972
Event Description: Governor Wallace wins the Indiana and Ohio Primaries, but it's close. Wallace wins in rural areas and in the white neighborhoods of the cities, while Governor Reagan takes the small towns, the old Republican base, and the suburbs, a constituency which has only now begun to flex its political muscle, with several people, now grown-up with their own kids, no longer voting the way their city, or country, parents had necessarily done.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 5-6-1972
Event Description: Governor Wallace wins the North Carolina Primary, but this is the last major Southern Primary. He will have to show strength in the rest of the country if he is to hold off Governor Reagan for the nomination, and set up an Alabama grudge match against President Flowers in November. Flowers has faced stern criticism, as much for his intemperate reaction to the charges against him as to the charges themselves. Wallace is calling for Flowers' impeachment. Reagan, however, is merely calling for Flowers to step out of the race for another term, and for the legal process to then take its course. This has gained Reagan some support. In Montreal, Quebec, Canada, a child is born who will one day make a very different kind of history: Martin Brodeur.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 5-9-1972
Event Description: Governor Reagan wins the Nebraska Primary. This surprises no one, as the largely-rural State has been a stereotypically Republican one, filled with old-time conservatives and an opposition to government handouts that has been based more in a brand of Christianity than in any form of capitalism, as with the classic Eastern kind of Republican. But Reagan also wins the West Virginia Primary, edging Governor Wallace in what is seen as, if not a "Southern," then certainly a rural and even a "hillbilly" State. That Wallace could not win there, that Reagan could get nearly a majority (48 percent to Wallace's 36 percent, the rest scattered) is a blow to the Wallace campaign. The race for the Republican nomination is now down to these two, but anyone guessing who will win it is doing just that: Guessing.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 5-15-1972
Event Description: The Michigan and Maryland Primaries are tomorrow. If either Governor Ronald Reagan of California or Governor George Wallace of Alabama can take them both, he will be the unquestioned front-runner for the Republican nomination for President. Both men are campaigning at shopping centers: Wallace in Laurel, Maryland, about halfway between Baltimore and Washington; and Reagan in Southgate, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit. Wallace ends his appearance without incident. Reagan is not so lucky. As he is approaching his car, a man pulls a gun and starts firing. Reagan is shoved into the car, which speeds away. The gunman is himself shot by one of Reagan's bodyguards, and dies at the scene. He is identified as Arthur Bremer, a 21-year-old Milwaukee native who recently quit his job as a janitor. Bremer's journal will be found, revealing that he wanted to shoot one of the Presidential candidates, either Reagan, Wallace, or President Richmond Flowers. He figured Flowers, who became President because of the assassination of Hubert Humphrey, was unlikely to be an easy target. He had been at a Wallace rally two days earlier in Kalamazoo, Michigan. Reagan is found to be bleeding, and is taken to a hospital, where one bullet is removed. He is expected to recover quickly.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 5-16-1972
Event Description: With a sympathy vote behind him, Governor Reagan easily wins the Michigan and Maryland Primaries. Attempting to prevent a Presidency, Arthur Bremer may have made one instead. Reagan is shown on TV, sitting up in bed and watching the returns. It looks like he will be fine in a matter of days.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 5-29-1972
Event Description: In a Memorial Day doubleheader, Mickey Mantle becomes the first -- and, through the 2006 season, the only -- player to reach the 3,000-hit plateau in a New York Yankee uniform, and he does it the way he was expected to: A long home run into the left-field stands off Detroit Tiger pitcher Mickey Lolich. The Yankees win the game, 5-1, and will also take the nightcap, 4-2, although the Tigers will beat the Yanks out for the American League Eastern Division Title this season. Now 40 years old, Mantle has slown down considerably the last two seasons. Once seeming to be a shoo-in to break Babe Ruth's all-time record of 714 home runs, his 3,000th hit is his 674th home run, putting him just 40 short, but he would probably need to play through the 1972 and '73 seasons to beat it. What's more, Willie Mays has surpassed him on the list: Mays now has 696. But "the Say Hey Kid," who came into the majors the same season as Mantle, 1951, and in the same city, with the New York Giants, and has now returned with the New York Mets, is 41 and is also slowing down. He may be able to break the record by the end of the year, but maybe not. And there is a third player closing in, Atlanta Braves slugger Hank Aaron, who now has 647. And he's just 38, and playing in a homer-friendly stadium.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 6-6-1972
Event Description: Governor Reagan takes the stage at the Beverly Wilshire Hotel in Los Angeles, fully recovered from the attempt on his life, and claims victory in the California, New Jersey, New Mexico and South Dakota Primaries. Governor Wallace has been shut out since the shooting. Standing at his campaign headquarters, Wallace announces he is dropping out of the race. Privately, he says Reagan owes him, since his back-channel dealings have damaged President Flowers to the point where he cannot possibly win a term of his own. Many political observers still expect Flowers not to accept renomination at the Democratic Convention in Atlanta, and to hand the nomination over to Vice President Meyner.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 6-17-1972
Event Description: "Mr. President, Dan Rather of CBS News." The self-introduction at President Richmond Flowers' press conference gets a round of applause. Rather has been investigating Flowers' supposed extortion of Alabama businessmen while he was Governor, and has earned the enmity of Democratic activists and officeholders. "Are you running for something?" Flowers asks. "No, sir," Rather answers. "Are you?" When the "Woo-woos" of the other White House correspondents dies down, Rather finishes his question: "Will you be seeking a full term as President at the Democratic Convention? And will Vice President Meyner be running with you?" Angrily, Flowers says, "Absolutely, and I'm going to win." Meanwhile, at the Watergate hotel and office complex in Washington, D.C., location of the offices of the Democratic National Committee, all is quiet. No scandal developing there.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 7-8-1972
Event Description: A strange deal is struck down by NFL Commissioner Pete Rozelle. Carroll Rosenbloom had wanted to trade ownership of the Baltimore Colts to Robert Irsay for Irsay's ownership of the Los Angeles Rams. Rosenbloom also tries to make a deal to sell the Colts to a Baltimore-based group in exchange for the rights to an expansion team in Miami, where Rosenbloom has a home and which had tried to get into the AFL but was turned down, with memories of the assassination of President Albert Gore there still fresh.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 7-9-1972
Event Description: A strange deal is struck down by NFL Commissioner Pete Rozelle. Carroll Rosenbloom had wanted to trade ownership of the Baltimore Colts to Robert Irsay for Irsay's ownership of the Los Angeles Rams. Rosenbloom also tries to make a deal to sell the Colts to a Baltimore-based group in exchange for the rights to an expansion team in Miami, where Rosenbloom has a home and which had tried to get into the AFL but was turned down, with memories of the assassination of President Albert Gore there still fresh.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 7-13-1972
Event Description: Governor Ronald Reagan of California, fully recovered from the failed assassination attempt, looking strong and sunny, accepts his nomination at the Republican Convention in Miami Beach, Florida. He speaks of the mistakes of 12 years of the Democrats' big-government liberalism. And he hammers their foreign policy as well. "They believe in peace through diplomacy," he says, "while we believe in peace through strength." He chooses Senator George Bush of Texas as his running mate. The platform is economically and socially conservative, enough to appropriate the stronger planks of the campaign of Governor George Wallace, while ignoring the Wallace campaign's harder edges. Limited to just ten minutes for his speech, Wallace stews as he engages in the arms-raised-in-victory pose that closes a convention. Standing there, he knows that this could have been his moment. He swears he will be back. Reagan leaves the Convention with a big lead over scandal-plagued President Richmond Flowers. David Broder writes in the Washington Post, "All Governor Reagan has to do now is avoid a stupid mistake, and he will be the next President. All President Flowers has to do to win a full term is convince enough Americans of his innocence without cursing on TV. Mr. Reagan has the easier task."

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 8-23-1972
Event Description: President Richmond Flowers and Vice President Helen Meyner are nominated for full terms at the Democratic Convention at the brand-new Omni Sports Arena in Atlanta. It is the least enthusiastic Democratic Convention in memory. Flowers has been dodging questions about scandal for much of the year, and trails Governor Ronald Reagan by nearly 20 points in opinion polls going in. Flowers needs a miracle.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 9-5-1972
Event Description: Two members of the Israeli Olympic team are killed in their dormitory in the Olympic Village in Munich, Germany. Nine others are taken hostage by terrorists calling themselves Black September. German Chancellor Ludwig Erhard , remembering that he was once a key player in a regime that not only was openly contemptuous of Jews, but secretly ordered their extermination, tells police to "terminate the kidnappers, with extreme prejudice," and to "save the Israeli athletes if you can." A shootout results, and all terrorists are killed -- but so are six of the nine remaining Israeli athletes in the room. The Olympics will pause for a day of mourning, but then resume. President Flowers and Governor Reagan both give statements condemning the terrorists and supporting the Israelis. But whereas Flowers wonders whether Erhard did the right thing, Reagan gives Erhard his unquestioned support.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 9-17-1972
Event Description: The Warren E. Hearnes Sports Complex, named for the outgoing Governor of Missouri, opens with the first game at Arrowhead Stadium. The host Kansas City Chiefs lose 20-10 to the Memphis Hound Dogs. In April, the Kansas City Royals will play the first baseball game at the complex, at Royals Stadium, later to be renamed Ewing M. Kauffman Stadium for the team's founder and longtime owner.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 9-24-1972
Event Description: At Veterans Stadium, the infamous "Philadelphia boo-birds," many of them blue-collar white ethnics wearing Reagan campaign buttons, unleash their wrath on Eagles receiver Rich Flowers, son of troubled President Richmond Flowers. The receiver drops five of the six passes thrown his way in the first half, and is removed from the game by head coach Ed Khayat. The Eagles lose the game, 27-17 to the Cleveland Browns.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 10-1-1972
Event Description: The New York Yankees split a doubleheader with the Cleveland Indians, winning the first game 3-2 and losing the second 4-3. In between games, in front of a standing-room-only crowd of 71,000 at Yankee Stadium, the Yankees retire the Number 7 of Mickey Mantle. Having played the last four seasons of his career dogged by age and injuries, the Oklahoma-born outfielder-first baseman, about to reach his 41st birthday, has announced his retirement. He finishes his career with 685 career home runs, second on the all-time list, but still 29 homers short of the all-time record set by earlier Yankee legend Babe Ruth. "I haven't had a really good year since 1967 or '68," he says, "and the young kids are just gettin' a little too fast for me. I think it's time for someone else to try and help the ballclub." Like Ted Williams, the first player to reach 600 after Ruth, Mantle claims that breaking the home run record would be nice, but it isn't worth putting his aching legs through it. He finishes with 3,064 hits in 10,200 at-bats, a lifetime batting average of an even .300, plus 1,874 runs batted in, 22 All-Star Game appearances, 3 Most Valuable Player Awards, 12 American League Pennants and 7 World Championships. Many fans think he is hte greatest player of all time, but older Yankee fans still think of Joe DiMaggio; others, Babe Ruth; and fans of other teams will suggest Ty Cobb, Oscar Charleston, and even the two men who are also making a run at Ruth's career home run record: Willie Mays (700) and Henry Aaron (673). Although the Yankees were in their first Pennant race in eight years this season, injuries took their toll on the Pinstripes, and they will finish in third place behind the Detroit Tigers. The Oakland Athletics will win the World Series over the Cincinnati Reds. Mantle, who will be elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1978, receives, for the final time as an active player, the adoring cheers of New York fans at The Stadium, which, in a deal between the team and the City of New York, will be renovated after the 1973 season. The Yanks will play the 1974 and '75 seasons sharing Shea Stadium in Queens with the Mets, and begin 1976 at a modernized version of the old Bronx ballyard.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 10-2-1972
Event Description: Luwdig Erhard resigns as Chancellor of Germany, in an effort to help his country put his role in the Munich Olympic debacle behind them. Kaiser Ludwig IV appoints Franz Josef Strauss, the 57-year-old President of the State of Bavaria, to be the new Chancellor.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 10-17-1972
Event Description: The one and only Presidential debate of the campaign is held, at the Chicago Theater. President Richmond Flowers uses the massacre at the Olympics in Munich, and Governor Ronald Reagan's questionable response to it, as reason why Reagan might not be ready to take on the role of America's commander-in-chief and chief diplomat. "Well," Reagan says, "I'm ready to say that the best diplomacy is a strong defense." Flowers says that Reagan will cut Social Security, Medicare and MediKid. "There you go again," Reagan says. "I'm not going to cut spending on those programs." Flowers asks Reagan why he keeps harping on the "the last twelve years of Democratic domination of our country," when the country has grown by leaps and bounds. "Well," Reagan says, "I can think of some things that were done right in the last twelve years, and I can think of some things that were done wrong. I like that the space program got us to the Moon. I don't like that we have had four liberal Democrat Presidents who created several new bureaucracies, raising government spending nearly to the Moon." When the laughter stops, Reagan adds, "And if I'm elected President, I won't be spending a good portion of my term in office defending myself against scandal, either political or personal, because I won't get involved in scandal, either political or personal." This is Reagan's way of referring to the extortion scandal surrounding Flowers's Governorship of Alabama, and of referring to John F. Kennedy's affair with Sally Quinn that resulted in his 1967 impeachment, without actually referring to either -- this is "Reagan being above politics," as his supporters will say, "Reagan taking the high road." Finally, in his closing statement, Flowers hurts himself by referring to "the last twelve years of Democratic leadership," even though he's only been President for two and a half years, since Hubert Humphrey's assassination in 1970. With "twelve years" fresh in people's minds, Reagan uses his closing statement to ask, "Are you better off than you were four years ago? If your answer is no, then I can suggest an alternative." Putting the onus not on the records of Albert Gore, Kennedy, Hubert Humphrey and Flowers, but only on the policies Flowers has pushed as Vice President under Humphrey and then as President, Reagan has won the debate by a mile.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 10-24-1972
Event Description: Jackie Robinson dies from complications of diabetes. He is 53 years old. Perhaps the greatest all-around athlete of the 20th Century, he is the only man elected to both the Baseball and Football Halls of Fame. Two-way tackle and umpire Cal Hubbard will, through 2007, be the only man to join him in both.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 11-7-1972
Event Description: Ronald Wilson Reagan is elected the 41st President of the United States. The Republican nominee, the Governor of California, wins in a landslide over the incumbent Democrat, President Richmond Flowers. Flowers takes his home State of Alabama, plus Connecticut, Cuba, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, New York and Rhode Island, just eight States, plus the District of Columbia, losing the Electoral Vote 424 to 114. Reagan and his running mate, Senator George Bush of Texas, lose both the State where Bush was born (Massachusetts) and the one where he grew up (Connecticut), but take New Jersey, the home State of outgoing Vice President Helen Meyner. The popular vote is somewhat closer, with Reagan taking 54 percent to Flowers' 45 percent. Flowers could never overcome accusations of dirty deals while he was Governor of Alabama, though his supporters will always maintain that he was a victim of dirty tricks, orchestrated by his Alabama rival, Governor George Wallace. Another factor in Reagan's win is his assertion that America could, in the Democrats' own words, "boldly go where no nation has gone before," but could go there only with lower taxes and reduced interference from the federal government. Reagan had asked, "Are you better off than you were four years ago?" and Flowers could not give a good reason why the answer would be yes, even as he tried to counter Reagan's arguments about twelve years of Democratic leadership.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 12-26-1972
Event Description: Former Baseball Commissioner Harry Truman dies in Kansas City, Missouri. He was 88 years old.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 1-14-1973
Event Description: Super Bowl VII is held at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum. The Memphis Hound Dogs defeat the Washington Federals, 14-7, and complete the first undefeated season in the National Football League since the league went to a postseason-play format. They also win the first World Championship for a team from the city known as "the Heart of the Mid-South," "the Birthplace of the Blues" and "the Birthplace of Rock and Roll." The Hound Dogs had been named for a song by Elvis Presley, "the King of Rock and Roll" and a co-owner. But Elvis isn't there. Instead, he is presiding over an event that is even bigger: His worldwide broadcast, "Elvis: Aloha From Hawaii Via Satellite," which is seen by over a billion viewers. Danny Thomas, another legendary entertainer, bankroller of Memphis' St. Jude's Children's Hospital and another Dogs part-owner, is on hand, and joins outgoing President Richmond Flowers, representing the Federals' city of Washington, D.C., in the ceremonial coin toss.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 1-20-1973
Event Description: Ronald Reagan is sworn in as President. In a very generous gesture, he salutes the outgoing President, Richmond Flowers: "Mr. President, you took office under the saddest of circumstances," referring to the assassination of Hubert Humphrey, "and you performed with determination, decency, and, in a moment many have criticized," referring to his denunciation of the "goddamned liars" accusing him and his family of wrongdoing in Alabama, "devotion to truth and family. On behalf of the nation, I thank you, and may God bless you and Mary as you return home." The crowd of about 500,000 people outside the West Front of the Capitol cheers the former President, and the new President's salute. Then Reagan gets back to work on his speech: "Government is not the solution to the problem, government IS the problem!" He announces he will ask Congress, now solidly controlled by his fellow Republicans in both houses, to act as soon as possible on across-the-board tax cuts and business deregulation, among other things, "and on these principles, there will be no compromise!" But he closes with a concilatory, unifying note: "We are required to give our best effort, and our willingness to believe in ourselves, and to believe in our capacity to perform great deeds; to believe that together, with God's help, we can and will resolve the problems which now confront us. And, after all, why shouldn't we believe that? We are Americans. God bless you, and thank you." The former President and First Lady head back to their home in Dothan, Alabama, still wondering if criminal charges will be filed against them.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 1-22-1973
Event Description: Longtime Senate Democratic Leader Lyndon Johnson of Texas dies during a Senate debate. The Senate and the House had been working on new legislation brought forward by the Republican majorities, much of it inspired by the conservative rhetoric of the new President, Ronald Reagan. That night, in Kingston, Jamaica, 1968 Olympic boxing champion George Foreman wins the heavyweight championship of the world with a second-round destruction of champion Joe Frazier, who had won a Gold Medal at the 1964 Olympics. Foreman knocked Frazier down seven times in the first round. Only Muhammad Ali had ever knocked Frazier down before, or had beaten him before. After the second knockdown of the second round, the referee stops the fight. In all this news, it is hard to notice a decision made today by the U.S. Supreme Court: In Roe v. Wade, the Court strikes down all State abortion laws. The newest Justice, Harry Blackmun, cites the 1965 decision Griswold v. Connecticut, which struck down all State laws prohibiting birth control, and said that a woman's right to choose if and when to have a child is a privacy issue. The vote is 7-2: Chief Justice William J. Brennan, William O. Douglas, Potter Stewart, Pauline Gore, Thurgood Marshall and Richard J. Hughes joining Blackmun; while Tom Clark and Byron White vote against. This will be the quietest the issue will be for at least the next 34 years.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 4-30-1973
Event Description: President Ronald Reagan announces he has issued a pardon to former President Richmond Flowers for "any and all crimes he committed, or may have committed, from January 14, 1963 through January 20, 1973," the period from his Inauguration as Governor of Alabama through his leaving of the White House. "I do not know whether he is guilty of the charges that federal prosecutors are pursuing against him," Reagan says, "but the man has already paid a stiff price. He should not have to live whatever years remain to him under this cloud." Reagan issues the pardon on the recommendation of House Speaker Gerald Ford, who said that, if Flowers is indicted, it will give Reagan himself a great deal of grief with the press. The current Governor of Alabama, and Reagan's 1972 opponent for the Republican nomination, George Wallace, is furious. He wants no part of this reconciliation. He is determined to oppose Reagan again in 1976. "I don't care if it tears apart the Republican Party for the next 50 years!" the diminutive firebrand says. He has already helped to injure the Democratic Party with his bolt in 1966.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 6-27-1973
Event Description: "Live and Let Die" is released, the third film starring Roger Moore as James Bond. Yaphet Kotto, a black American actor, plays the two-faced villain, appearing in some scenes as San Monique dictator Dr. Kananga and in others as Harlem drug lord "Mister Big." British actress Jane Seymour makes her film debut as Kananga's fortune-telling associate, Solitaire, who switches sides after being seduced by Bond, seeking to take down Kananga's drug empire, which is hurting the British Empire as well as America.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 7-25-1973
Event Description: The first Pan-European space mission is launched, a crew of a German, a Frenchman and an Italian. They link up with Skylab. President Ronald Reagan calls it "the space summit." He loves this sort of thing.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 8-16-1973
Event Description: It is 25 years to the day since Babe Ruth died, and there is a new man who is second behind him on the all-time home run list. Hank Aaron hits career home run number 703, capping a 4-2 Atlanta Braves win over the Chicago Cubs at Wrigley Field. Facing mounting media interest, and even some unpleasant mail from fans who don't want to see Ruth's record fall, he had been tied with Willie Mays for three days. Mays looked like a shoo-in to get to 714 first just one year ago. Now, like Ted Williams, Mickey Mantle and every other Babe-chaser before him, he may not get there at all. But Aaron might make it before the end of the season.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 10-1-1973
Event Description: Philadelphia Eagles owner Leonard Tose announces that receiver Richmond Flowers Jr. will not be traded, no matter how much the Philadelphia fans might boo him.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 10-6-1973
Event Description: Egypt attacks Israel on Yom Kippur, the holiest day of the Jewish calendar. At the same time, the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), dominated by Muslims and ethnic Arabs, dramatically raises oil prices. President Ronald Reagan promises unflinching support of Israel. Prime Minister Golda Meir tells him she will ask for it if Israel needs it.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 10-10-1973
Event Description: President Reagan meets with his living predecessors at the White House, to discuss the current mess in the Middle East and the effect the oil-price shock is having on the American economy. Richmond Flowers (1970-73) tells him that instituting a second round of tax cuts, as Reagan had planned for next year, should be put off, at the risk of increasing the federal deficit. Quentin Roosevelt (1953-61) disagrees completely, thinking it the best possible stimulus for the economy. John F. Kennedy (1963-69) tells him that a targeted tax cut might be a better idea, but he's got a better one still. His brother and former Attorney General, Robert F. Kennedy, now runs a company called Citizens Energy, which provides low-cost heating oil to poor families in New England. Why not a heating-oil tax credit? And why not go to, say, Canada or Latin America for our oil? Maybe even Russia, which is going through some severe economic difficulty at the moment? Roosevelt suggests that this might be a way to get the socialist Russian Republic back on the road to the free market. Albert "Happy" Chandler (1949-53) suggests moving toward alternative fuels. Reagan says that would hurt the auto industry. "Then have them start to build cars that can run on these fuels!" Chandler tells him. "The possibilities are endless, Ron," Kennedy says. "You can do this. You have the will. You have the goodwill of the people. You have the support in Congress. All you need is to think about it, and realize that we'll all got some good ideas. If you didn't think so, you wouldn't have invited us." Reagan agrees to think about it.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 10-12-1973
Event Description: President Reagan announces a World Energy Summit to be held next month in Geneva, Switzerland. Former Presidents Albert Chandler, Quentin Roosevelt, John F. Kennedy and Richmond Flowers are with him for the announcement, and he credits for their input "these old, often wise men." Calling them "often wise" rather than just "wise" brings a few laughs. This is the most attention many of these men have received outside their Presidential Libraries in years.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 10-26-1973
Event Description: Secretary of State Quentin Roosevelt Jr. finally talks President Anwar Sadat of Egypt into ending his war against Israel. "Don't call it an 'agreement,'" he says, "or a 'negotiation,' or even an 'armistice,' or anything that would suggest your country is ready to recognize the State of Israel. Just decide to say, 'The war is over, and we have achieved our objectives. Then decide what those objectives are. You haven't lost anything except men and materiel. Israel took no land from you. You haven't shamed yourself." Sadat agrees. He also begins to think about possibly establishing contact with Israeli representatives, which, for the moment, would be short of recognizing the nation. But with President Reagan of the U.S., Prime Minister Trudeau of Canada, Prime Minister Heath of Britain, President Pompidou of France, Chancellor Strauss of Germany, President Brezhnev of Russia, and Premier Deng of China all against him -- if not openly for Israel -- Sadat and the OPEC nations can no longer afford to wage the Yom Kippur War. But oil prices will continue to go up. "The oil weapon" will do what Arab military might could not: Hurt the non-Muslim world.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 11-17-1973
Event Description: The WEPA, World Energy & Power Agreement, is signed in Geneva, Switzerland. Signatories are President Ronald Reagan of America, Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau of Canada, Prime Minister Edward Heath of Britain, President Georges Pompidou of France, Chancellor Franz Josef Strauss of Germany, President Leonid Brezhnev of Russia, Prime Minister Kakuei Tanaka of Japan, and, most notably, Premier Deng Xiaoping of Communist China. There will be greater sharing of energy technology, including exports and experimentation of alternatives to oil, among the nations, in an attempt to isolate the OPEC nations, dominated as they are by Arab dictators and monarchs. Strauss and Brezhnev need this more than the others, as their nations are in severe recessions, and Strauss in particular may have to call an election soon.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 1-13-1974
Event Description: The Memphis Hound Dogs make it back-to-back World Championships, defeating the Minnesota Vikings, 24-7, in Super Bowl VIII at Rice Stadium in Houston.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 1-15-1974
Event Description: The German elections turn Chancellor Franz Josef Strauss out of power, leading to the rise of the Social Democratic Party and Willy Brandt. This gives Germany its most liberal government since the Weimar Republic, 31 years earlier.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 1-16-1974
Event Description: The Baseball Hall of Fame elects the following retired baseball legends: Pittsburgh Pirates center fielder James "Cool Papa" Bell, St. Louis Cardinals first baseman "Sunny Jim" Bottomley, umpire Jocko Conlan, New York Yankees pitcher Ed "Whitey" Ford, Chicago White Sox left fielder Orestes "Minnie" Minoso, and Philadelphia Phillies right fielder Sam Thompson.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 4-8-1974
Event Description: A sellout crowd of 53,775 attends the Atlanta Braves' home opener at Atlanta Stadium (later Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium). Braves star Hank Aaron has tied the all-time record of 714 set by Babe Ruth. Baseball Commissioner Bowie Kuhn has invited every living member of the 500 Home Run Club to attend, and all do: The recently retired Willie Mays (708), Mickey Mantle (685), Ted Williams (604), Buck Leonard (516), Braves manager and former Aaron teammate Eddie Mathews (512), Ernie Banks (512), and two active players, neither of whom were scheduled to play that day, Frank Robinson (552) and Harmon Killebrew (539). (Already dead are Ruth, Jimmie Foxx with 534 and Mel Ott with 511.) Each of them says a few words. Williams calls Aaron, "one of the best hitters I've ever seen, and I've seen most of the great ones," and Mantle, representing the Yankees and, by extension, Ruth, calls it, "a great day for baseball, and wherever the Babe is, he understands that what's good for baseball is good for him. He's smilin' tonight." Herbert Aaron, Hank's father, throws out the first ball. Pearl Bailey sings the National Anthem. Sammy Davis Jr., who has offered $25,000 to the man who catches the record-breaking ball, sings "The Impossible Dream." Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., the great poverty-fighter who once again preaches in his home town, delivers the invocation. His former aide, Georgia Governor Andrew Young, also attends. In the top of the fourth inning, Aaron bats against Los Angeles Dodger pitcher Al Downing. On a one-ball, no-strike count, Aaron swings. Braves broadcaster Milo Hamilton has the call: "Here's the pitch by Downing: Swinging! There's a drive to left-center field! That ball is gonna be... outta here! It's gone! It's 715! There's a new home-run champion of all time! And it's Henry Aaron! Henry Aaron's coming around third! His teammates are at home plate! The fireworks are going! And just listen to this crowd!" The ball fell into the Braves bullpen, where relief pitcher Tom House caught the ball, which is sent to the Baseball Hall of Fame in Cooperstown, New York. Aaron, himself sent to the Hall in its 1982 elections, will retire after the 1976 season with 755 home runs. As of the 2006 season, it remains the all-time record.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 5-28-1974
Event Description: After a shaky Friday, the stock market has had the long Memorial Day weekend to worry investors. Prices drop sharply on this Tuesday. It is not so steep a drop as to be a "Crash of '74," and the market does bounce back the next day, but with inflation rising, including the highest gasoline prices ever as the summer begins, a drop in stock prices cannot be considered good news.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 6-4-1974
Event Description: The National Football League adds two teams, to begin play in 1976. The Nordstrom family of department-store fame receives a team for Seattle, which will be named the Seahawks. Carroll Rosenbloom agrees to sell the Baltimore Colts, and join Hugh Culverhouse in a team for Tampa, to be named the Tampa Bay Buccaneers. The Colts are purchased by Jerry Richardson, a former Colt receiver who now runs the Hardee's chain of fast-food restaurants. Some people in South Florida wonder why the Tampa Bay region, with its 47,000-seat Tampa Stadium (soon to be expanded to 74,000 seats) gets a team, while the far larger Miami-Fort Lauderdale region, with the 74,000-seat Orange Bowl, doesn't get one. Memories of Miami as the city where President Albert Gore was assassinated in 1963 are still very painful.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 7-10-1974
Event Description: Rich Flowers -- the son of the former Preisdent no longer calls himself "Richmond Flowers Jr." -- signs with the first major-league (sort of) sports team in the history of his home State, the Birmingham Vulcans of the World Football League. In the team's first game, at Legion Field, the former University of Alabama All-American and Philadelphia Eagle catches two touchdown passes from quarterback George Mira, and the Americans defeat the Southern California Sun, 18-7.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 8-9-1974
Event Description: Former President John F. Kennedy suffers a major heart attack. Surgeons at Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston are barely able to save the life of the 57-year-old former chief executive. Elsewhere, former Vice President Richard Nixon publishes his memoir "Hours of Crisis," telling of his rise from poverty in Southern California to law school, the U.S. Navy in World War II, the U.S. Congress, the Vice Presidency under Quentin Roosevelt, and his unsuccessful Presidential campaigns in 1960 and 1968. Despite a longstanding rivalry with his fellow Californian, Nixon has a considerable amount of praise for current President Ronald Reagan, but saves most of his admiration for his parents and for Roosevelt, now 77 years old and living in retirement on Long Island, as the father of Secretary of State Quentin Roosevelt Jr. Nixon's book becomes a best-seller, and one of the most important historicl documents for people studying Quentin Roosevelt's "crowded hours."

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 9-8-1974
Event Description: A month after major heart-bypass surgery, former President John F. Kennedy speaks publicly about his health for the first time. He reveals, in painfully honest detail, how he has kept himself alive with varying kinds of prescription drugs for the last 30 years or so. "Because I was a public figure," he says, "I was able to receive prescriptions that were carefully monitored, which prevented me from becoming psychologically dependent upon them. But, instead of becoming addicted, another problem developed. The use of all these drugs, piling up since I was a young man, place a great strain on my heart, until I suffered a heart attack last month. Thanks to some new advances in medical technology, I can now receive new drugs that will be less of a strain on me. But because I was rich and famous, I was lucky. Many people are not. It is not just the young, who may be buying psychoactive drugs illegally on the street, who are suffering. Millions of people are addicted to prescription drugs, which they receive legally, and are afraid to speak up. But Eleanor Roosevelt taught us that the only thing we have to fear is fear itself. Let us take some steps forward so that there no longer needs to be a stigma about it. These are not criminals, shooting people on the street. These are regular, everyday Americans, who couldn't handle an illness, and were given something for it by their doctors, and now are unable to handle the cure. Let us help them. I call on President Reagan and his advisors to begin a push for drug rehabilitation, for all who suffer."

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 9-9-1974
Event Description: Having seen former President John F. Kennedy speak so candidly about the massive amount of prescription drugs he'd been forced to take just to stay alive, Elvis Presley notes that his prescription intake has been similar. He goes to a new doctor, who tells him that his intake would kill a man who had not already developed a tolerance for it. With the aid of his friend, fellow entertainer, and fellow co-owner of the NFL's Memphis Hound Dogs, Danny Thomas, he quietly checks into a rehabilitation clinic in Hollywood. He tells Thomas that, if this works, and he comes out clean, he'd like to establish a rehab center in connection with their shared charity, the St. Jude Hospital in Memphis.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 10-9-1974
Event Description: Oskar Schindler, a German factory operator, dies at the age of 66. He never found out about the deaths of Jews in concentration camps until after the end of World War II in 1940, and thus never made the decision to save anyone from the Holocaust. He dies virtually unknown outside Germany.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 10-10-1974
Event Description: Thanks to the recent resurgence of the Republican Party, and the open support of President Ronald Reagan, a Joseph R. McCarthy Presidential Library finally opens, at his birthplace in Grand Chute, Wisconsin. Reagan attends, as does Vice President George Bush. But no former Presidents, not even Quentin Roosevelt, the only other living Republican President, are on hand. Because of his lies and excesses, McCarthy's reputation is still just about the lowest of any President in modern times.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 10-30-1974
Event Description: Muhammad Ali regains the Heavyweight Championship of the World with a stunning 8th-round knockout of previously undefeated Champion George Foreman in Kinshasa, Congo, hosted by President Patrice Lumumba, one of Ali's heroes. Few now doubt Ali's claim that, among heavyweight boxers, he is "the Greatest of All Time!" One who does doubt it is Joe Frazier, who has split two decisions with Ali. They will have to fight one more time.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 11-1-1974
Event Description: The Hubert H. Humphrey Presidential Library opens at the University of Minnesota in Minneapolis. The martyrerd President's remains are reinterred in a tomb on the grounds. Over the tomb are words he liked to quote, and included in his final speech, just before his assassination at Kent State University in Ohio on May 4, 1970: "The moral test of government is how that government treats those who are in the dawn of life, the children; those who are in the twilight of life, the elderly; those who are in the shadows of life; the sick, the needy and the handicapped." Attending are former Presidents Richmond Flowers, Quentin Roosevelt, Happy Chandler and, in his first public appearance since his heart surgery, John F. Kennedy, who, for the first time in his 57 years, looks older than his years. The current President, Ronald Reagan, does not attend. Instead, he is campaigning for Republican candidates in next week's elections.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 11-5-1974
Event Description: The Democratic Party makes big gains in the mid-term elections, taking both houses of Congress on the basis of the deepening recession. For the first time in American history, the nation is dealing with high unemployment and high inflation at the same time, and the public has lost confidence in President Ronald Reagan. Gerald Ford of Michigan is out as Speaker, Thomas "Tip" O'Neill of Massachusetts is in. Hugh Scott of Pennsylvania is out as Senate Majority Leader, Mike Mansfield of Montana is back in. Among the new members of Congress is Bill Clinton, a professor at the University of Arkansas Law School. At 28, he is barely older than his students. Among the new Senators is Elizabeth Dole, Republican of North Carolina, succeeding the retiring Democrat Sam Ervin. Ironically, her husband, Senator Bob Dole of Kansas, is defeated for re-election by a narow margin.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 12-5-1974
Event Description: The Birmingham Americans defeat the Florida Blazers, 22-21, at Legion Field in Birmingham, in the first World Bowl, the championship game of the World Football League. Rich Flowers catch the touchdown pass and the two-point conversion that win the game. Despite all the controversy surrounding his father, former President Richmond Flowers, he is once again an unquestioned hero in Alabama.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 12-19-1974
Event Description: Roger Moore stars for the fourth time as Bond, James Bond, in "The Man With the Golden Gun." The title character is not Agent 007 himself, but rather Francisco Scaramanga, played by British horror-film legend Christopher Lee, who is a sort of "anti-Bond": Instead of serving Queen and country, taking only the occasional medal -- and the occasional pleasure -- Scaramanga is a hitman for hire, charging $1 million US per shot, as he famously only needs one shot per attempt. Scaramanga involves himself in the worldwide energy crisis, killing the inventor of the Solex Agitator, a solar-energy generator for a Hong Kong businessman, and then killing the tycoon so as to auction off the device and keep the profits for himself, but not before building a solar energy cannon, a true "golden gun." Bond must first save the Solex, and then, once the true magnitude of Scaramanga's plot is realized, stop Scaramanga. He is aided by Dutch actress Britt Ekland as the cutesy-named Mary Goodnight, and by Swedish actress Maud Adams as Andrea Anders, Scaramanga's double-dealing girlfriend, who wants Bond to get rid of Scaramanga -- who secretly and grealty admires Bond until Bond gets in his way -- so as to free herself from the hitman's clutches. Although some of the scenes are rather cheesy, and some of the fashions are abominable -- it is the 1970s, after all -- film fans are beginning to choose to forget that David Niven and Sean Connery ever appeared as 007.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 3-21-1975
Event Description: A meeting is held at the Old Executive Office Building, next-door to the White House, among some advisers to President Ronald Reagan. Among those at the meeting are Vice President George Bush, White House Chief of Staff Michael Deaver, Attorney General Edwin Meese, National Security Adviser Alexander Haig, Presidential Press Secretary Lyn Nofziger, and Special Counsel to the President Charles Colson. They are concerned that, if the recession continues, despite Reagan's tax cuts, and energy prices remain high, voters may continue the drift to the left seen in last November's Congressional vote. So something must be done to discredit the Democratic majority in Congress and the prospective Democratic candidates for President. It is determined that Reagan must not know what is going on, to give him plausible deniability. Colson has a suggestion, and longtime Reagan loyalists Deaver, Meese and Nofziger all like it. Haig likes it, too, but isn't sure it's a good idea. "What if they get caught?" he asks. "They won't get caught," Colson says. Bush says, "If they do, it's gonna be bad for the President in '76. It'll be bad, bad. Shouldn't do it. We're not gonna do it. Wouldn't be prudent." Colson tries to convince Bush it's the best thing to do to assure not just Reagan's re-election, but his. "If the President goes down next year, George," Colson says, "it takes away any chance you have of ever being President, short of the President dying in office." Bush reluctantly says, "Fine, but don't tell anybody I had anything to do with this. Tell them I was out of the loop."

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 6-17-1975
Event Description: Five men are arrested outside the offices of the Democratic National Committee at the Watergate hotel & office complex in Washington. Found with them are documents suggesting that the White Hous may have sent them.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 6-23-1975
Event Description: As Washington Post reporters Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein continue to write stories about the Watergate burglary, President Reagan insists that no crime was committed by the White House. "We did not, repeat, did not send men to break into the Watergate complex, for political purposes, or for any other purposes." No one ever ran the plan by him, in order to protect him from liability. So, as far as he knows, he is telling the truth.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 8-27-1975
Event Description: Emperor Haile Selassie I dies after 45 years on the throne of Ethiopia. He was 83 years old. His 59-year-old son is proclaimed His Imperial Majesty Emperor Amha Selassie I, Elect of God, Conquering Lion of the Tribe of Judah and King of Kings of Ethiopia. But his power, as his father's had before him, has been severely curtailed by a constitutional movement. He is little more than a figurehead, albeit a beloved one.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 10-1-1975
Event Description: "The Thrilla in Manila." Heavyweight Champion Muhammad Ali fights former Champion Joe Frazier, with whom he has split two prevoius bouts, at the Philippine Coliseum. "I hit him with punches that would bring down buildings," Frazier says afterwards. "Lord, he's great." Ali will say, "That 10th round was as close to death as I've ever come." But in the 13th round, an Ali right to the jaw sends Frazier's mouthpiece flying out of the ring into the crowd. The 14th round is brutal, and Ali closes it ahead on points. Frazier will need a final-round knockout to win. But Frazier's trainer, Eddie Futch, decides his man is too badly hurt to continue, and stops the fight. Told it's over, Ali raises an arm in victory, and then collapses. Ali announces his retirement. The Heavyweight Championship of the World is now vacant.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 10-5-1975
Event Description: Baltimore Orioles outfielder Curt Flood announces his retirement. He is 37 years old. The four-time All-Star (three in the National League, one in the American League) leaves the game after 20 seasons, with a lifetime batting average of .293, 2,331 hits, eight Gold Gloves for fielding excellence (seven in the NL, one in the AL), five postseason appearances -- 1964, '67 and '68 with the St. Louis Cardinals, 1973 and '74 with the Orioles -- and World Championships won in 1964 and 1967. His timing is impeccable: After this season, the reserve clause that he wanted to challenge in 1969, and was partially overturned, is coming up for review again.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 10-11-1975
Event Description: The late-night variety show "NBC Saturday Night" premieres. It will later be renamed "Saturday Night Live." It features, among other sketches soon to prove regular, Dan Aykroyd as a somewhat daffy President Ronald Reagan, and Chevy Chase as a bumbling Vice President George Bush. The two men discuss the rising scandal resulting from the Watergate break-in, and how it will hurt them next year. The real Reagan sees a clip of it the next day, and laughs. The real Bush is infuriated.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 10-18-1975
Event Description: Washington Post reporters Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein break the story that several White House officials, including Chief of Staff Michael Deaver and Attorney General Edwin Meese, associates of President Ronald Reagan going back to his days as Governor of California, were involved in the break-in at the Watergate complex in June, having contacted, hired and paid the burglars. That night, Reagan calls them into his office. They tell him the truth: They are guilty. He fires them all. He goes on television and tells the American people, "I will not accept this kind of activity in my Administration. If I can't win next year on my record, then I deserve to lose. I want to be your President for another four years. But I want to do it with the best men available. And, although men such as Mike Deaver, Ed Meese, Lyn Nofziger and the rest are old and dear friends, I cannot keep them on." The next day, the Sunday edition of the Post features a column by David Broder, calling it "the Saturday Night Massacre."

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 10-19-1975
Event Description: President Reagan meets with Congressional leaders. He wants a tough but clean crime-fighter to be the new Attorney General. House Minority Leader Gerald Ford recommends the Senator from Massachusetts, a former State Attorney General, Malcolm Little. "He's totally clean, devoted to justice, and, unlike Ed Meese, he looks trustworthy," Ford says. Little will become the first black person to rise to such a high level in any President's Cabinet.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 10-21-1975
Event Description: The World Football League folds after a year and a half of play. Few people notice, as the World Series is going on. Game 6 is played at Fenway Park in Boston. The Boston Red Sox defeat the Cincinnati Reds, 7-6, on a 12th-inning home run by catcher Carlton Fisk. But the Reds will win Game 7 and the Series tomorrow night.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 10-29-1975
Event Description: President Reagan rejects a federal bailout of New York City's troubled finances. He criticizes the City for "reckless, runaway spending" on things like pensions for city employees.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 10-30-1975
Event Description: "RON TO CITY: DROP DEAD!" reads the headline in the New York Daily News. But City officials take the hint, and begin working with State officials to bring the City's finances under control. Within weeks, President Reagan will be satisfied with the progress, and reverse his position.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 11-12-1975
Event Description: After several years of advancing illness, and realizing that he can no longer wait for a Democratic President to appoint his replacement, William O. Douglas retires from the Supreme Court, having just broken its longevity record with over 36 years of service. Douglas was the last of the "New Deal Justices," who had been appointed by President Eleanor Roosevelt. The current President, Ronald Reagan appoints William Rehnquist, a federal judge from Arizona, to the seat.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 12-23-1975
Event Description: Arbitrator Peter Seitz rules that baseball's reserve clause is inherently unfair and unconstitutional. He strikes it down. It had previously been limited to players with less than 10 years experience or under 32 years of age, thanks to the efforts of outfielder Curt Flood. Now, thanks to pitchers Dave McNally (who, like Flood, has just retired and had nothing to lose this time) and Andy Messersmith (an All-Star, who did have something to lose), and Players' Association Director Marvin Miller, it is dead after 97 years. Baseball's team owners and players' union work out a deal to create the free-agency system.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 12-30-1975
Event Description: Unable to sign with a new professional team following the dissolution of the World Football League, wide receiver Rich Flowers retires from football. He will enroll in law school at his alma mater, the University of Alabama.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 2-1-1976
Event Description: Governor Michael Dukakis of Masschusetts appoints Edward M. "Ted" Kennedy, brother of former President John F. Kennedy, to the Senate seat vacated by Malcolm Little's recent confirmation as U.S. Attorney General.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 2-10-1976
Event Description: The Iowa Caucuses are held. On the Republican side, President Ronald Reagan faces no significant opposition, despite the Watergate scandal. On the Democratic side, an uncommitted slate of delegates wins 37 percent of the vote, while the announced candidate with the most votes is Senator Birch Bayh of Indiana, with 17 percent. But tied for second with Senator Fred Harris of Oklahoma, with 14 percent, is former Governor Andrew Young of Georgia, the first-ever black candidate to do so well in any Presidential contest. Congressman Morris "Mo" Udall of Arizona gets 10 percent, while Senator Henry "Scoop" Jackson of Washington nets a mere 5 percent.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 2-24-1976
Event Description: The New Hampshire Primary is won by Congressman Mo Udall of Arizona, but barely. He takes 28 percent of the vote, to 26 percent for former Governor Andrew Young of Georgia. Senator Henry Jackson of Washington wins 19 percent, and Senator Birch Bayh of Indiana, who had won the Iowa Caucuses, gets just 14 percent.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 3-9-1976
Event Description: Former Governor Andrew Young of Georgia wins the primary in neighboring Florida. He wins 42 percent of the vote, appealing about evenly to black, elderly and Jewish voters, and even to conservative, mostly relgious farmers in the northern part of the State, the kind of people he had won over to be elected in Georgia. Senators Henry Jackson of Washington and Birch Bayh of Indiana are the only other candidates left, and are staking everything on next week's Illinois Primary, where "Scoop" hopes to gain the support of the machine of Chicago Mayor Richard J. Daley, and Bayh hopes that voters from Chicago and eastern Illinois will know him as a neighbor.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 3-11-1976
Event Description: Jean Moulin, who served as President of France from 1958 to 1962, dies at his home in Paris. He is 76 years old.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 3-16-1976
Event Description: Andrew Young, the former Governor of Georgia, wins the Illinois Primary. He is significantly aided by the Rev. Jesse Jackson, like Young a former aide to anti-poverty activist Dr. Martin Luther King, whose voter-registration drives in Chicago and, at the other end of the State, East St. Louis offset the moves by Chicago Mayor Richard J. Daley on behalf of Senator Henry "Scoop" Jackson of Washington. Young wins 46 percent of the vote, while Senator Birch Bayh of neighboring Indiana finishes second with 31 percent, and Jackson takes just 19 percent. Jackson drops out, but does not endorse either Young or Bayh.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 3-23-1976
Event Description: Governor Young rolls to an overwhelming victory in the North Carolina Primary, defeating Senator Bayh 58 percent to 37 percent. The next day, Bayh drops out, and he and Senator Jackson both endorse Governor Young. Surprisingly early, the major-party candidates for President are set: President Ronald Reagan for the Republicans, and Andrew Young, former Governor of Georgia, for the Democrats.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 7-4-1976
Event Description: President Reagan hosts Bicentennial celebrations in Washington, D.C., Philadelphia, and New York. Governor Young gives a stirring address before a racially integrated crowd at the Robert E. Lee Library and Slavery Museum in Charlottesville, Virginia. The idea of a black man -- or, at leas, the idea of this particular black man -- becoming President doesn't seem so strange anymore. Despite the kind of patriotic backdrop that he loves so well and accentuates so well, Reagan has but a slim lead over Young in opinion polls. The economy and the memory of the Watergate scandal have hurt him.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 7-29-1976
Event Description: The Democratic Convention gathers at Madison Square Garden in New York. The invocation is given by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. His former associate, later Governor of Georgia, Andrew Young, becomes the first black person nominated for President by either major party. He chooses another former Governor, Martha Griffiths of Michigan, to be his Vice Presidential nominee. After the last two Presidencies -- one Democratic, Richmond Flowers, and one Republican, Ronald Reagan -- have been tainted by scandal, Young tells America, "I want a government as good as its people." He reminds them of what Alexis de Tocqueville wrote in the 1830s: "America is great because it is good, and if it ceases to be good, it will cease to be great." So, he says, "Let us become the country we were meant to be. Together, we can make it happen." With the Watergate scandal fresh in voters' minds, and the economy still not recovered from the nasty recession of 1973-75, Young leads President Reagan by an average of 10 points in opinion polls.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 8-2-1976
Event Description: Washington Post reporters Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein publish "All the President's Men," about their exposure of the Watergate case. Its revelations do not show that President Ronald Reagan knew about the break-in beforehand, but suggest that he did try to cover it up afterward. Even if that is not believable, what it says about the men in the Administration who were involved casts doubts on Reagan's moral fitness to lead the nation.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 8-19-1976
Event Description: The Republican Convention is held at the Kemper Arena in Kansas City. President Ronald Reagan and Vice President George Bush are nominated for second terms, but the Convention is the least enthusiastic Republican get-together since the Hoover re-election drive in the middle of the Depression in 1932. Reagan does his best to lift the Delegates' spirits. but his acceptance speech is not up to his usual standards. He will get a minimal "bounce" from his Convention. He trails Governor Andrew Young by an average of seven points in the polls. What's more, the States in which Young leads are far larger than the States in which Reagan leads. In the Electoral College, this election could be a blowout.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 9-23-1976
Event Description: The first Presidential debate of this campaign is held at the Walnut Street Theater in Philadelphia, also the home of CBS' daytime talk show "The Mike Douglas Show." President Reagan tries to answer questions about Watergate and the still-struggling economy. Governor Young tries to tell the nation about how the government will be more honest and ethical, and more attentive to the poor and the unemployed, with him as President. But the only notable thing about this debate is what is not said -- or, rather, not heard. About two-thirds of the way through the debate, a technical difficulty cuts off the sound, so that neither the candidates nor the panelists can be heard. It takes 23 minutes to restore the sound. About 10 minutes in, Reagan walks over to Young, says something to him, and they both laugh. What had been a rough campaign thus far turns more collegial -- for the moment. Political observers suggest that this exchange helps Young a little, and Reagan a little more. But as for what's actually heard in the debate, few minds are changed.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 9-28-1976
Event Description: For the 16th time, the first time since its renovation, and the last time ever, Yankee Stadium in New York hosts a fight for the Heavyweight Championship of the World. Vacant since the third fight between Muhammad Ali and Joe Frazier nearly one full year ago, the combatants are the only two men ever to defeat Ali: Former Champion Frazier and Number 1 contender Ken Norton. Norton wins a unanimous 15-round decision, and Frazier retires.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 10-6-1976
Event Description: The second Presidential Debate is held at the Palace of Fine Arts in San Francisco. President Reagan is asked about relations with the Russian Republic. "Well," he says, "things could be better. But it's not like we're dealing with a monolithic, imperialist power. They have the military capability to dominate much of the world. But there is no Russian domination of Eastern Europe. No, and there's no Russian domination of Central Asia, or the Middle East. We're not dealing with an evil empire here. But that doesn't mean we like everything they do." Governor Young says, "Well, that's cursing them with faint praise. We've worked with them, like with the Apollo 13/Luna 2 linkup, and the Skylab project. I think we're on the verge of even greater cooperation, if only they'll be open to it. And I think the next President ought to give them the opportunity to do the right thing." Both candidates seem to have helped themselves, but neither is a decisive winner. Young still leads in most opinion polls, but Reagan has made it a little closer. It seems the lingering doubts about the economy and Watergate may still be the decisive factor.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 10-23-1976
Event Description: The last Presidential Debate of the election is held, at Phi Beta Kappa Hall on the campus of the College of William & Mary in Williamsburg, Virginia. President Reagan needs a win here. Moderator Barbara Walters of ABC News gives him a chance to address one of the lingering issues of his (first?) term: The break-in at the Democratic National Committee's offices at the Watergate complex in Washington, sponsored by White House officials. "Well, Barbara, you know, well, I had, you know, I had nothing to do with it," Reagan says, clearly uncomfortable with the question, but knowing he has to answer it. "And, you know, I welcome the chance to answer this, because the American people need to know that their President is not a crook. Well, I am not a crook. I do not tolerate things like that in my Administration." Governor Young says, "I wouldn't have let people like that into my Administration in the first place." The questions turn to the economy. Young says that he will not cut spending on Social Security, Medicare, Medicaid and MediKid, the way Reagan has. "There you go again," Reagan says. "We did not, repeat, did not cut spending on those programs. We simply cut the rate of their increases." Young comes back: "Mr. President, you are either a liar or totally unaware of the existence of inflation. With inflation factored in, Social Security spending has gone down 12 percent since 1972, the last year of a Democratic Administration. Medicare has, with inflation factored in, been cut 4 percent. You turned 65 this year, Mr. President. If you didn't have government pensions and health care, that would be you whose programs were cut. Medicaid has been cut 6 percent. And MediKid has been cut 11 percent. That is absolutely inexcusable, picking on children like that. You should be ashamed of yourself." Children don't vote, but the elderly and the poor do. Reagan knows that he has blundered, and that inflation is one of his great concerns, and he should've been prepared for this.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 11-2-1976
Event Description: Andrew Jackson Young Jr., named for a President who held slaves, becomes the first black person elected President of the United States. The Democrat, the former Governor of Georgia, is elected, with former Governor Martha Griffiths of Michigan as his Vice President. Young wins 44 million votes, to incumbent Republican President Ronald Reagan's 37 million, 53.6 to 45.1 percent with the rest scattered. The Electoral College is a wipeout, with Young winning 491 Electoral Votes and Reagan taking only 47. Reagan wins only the traditionally Republican States of Arizona, Dakota, Hiawatha, Idaho, Kansas, Nebraska, Oklahoma, Utah and Wyoming. A heavy black vote, coming out for Young, takes away even Republican-leaning Southern States like Virginia, North and South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi and Texas, and also the usually Republican State of Indiana. "The people have spoken," Reagan says, "and they have told a true, honest-to-God, 'Only in America' story. They did it for me, four years ago. They have done it for the President-elect, Andrew Young, now." Some political observers say that if Reagan had governed the way he'd conceded, he would've won. But lingering doubts about the economy and Watergate knocked him down and led to Young's election. The Democrats also increase their majorities in Congress.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 1-20-1977
Event Description: Andrew Young takes office as the 41st President of the United States. "In a world where change is inevitable and continuous," he says in his Inaugural Address, "the need to achieve that change without violence is essential for survival."

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 1-27-1977
Event Description: Brigadier General Virgil I. "Gus" Grissom, U.S. Air Force, dies of a heart attack. The third human and second American in space, and the commander of a Gemini mission and an Apollo mission, he was just 50 years old. He is the first of the original "Mercury 7" astronauts to die.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 4-4-1977
Event Description: The Socialist Party wins the Russian elections, as Yuri Andropov defeats the incumbent President, Nationalist Party Leader Leonid Brezhnev. This is the first change of party in power in the 60-year history of the Russian Republic. The economy has been in tatters, and Andropov has promised reform.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 5-11-1977
Event Description: Former First Lady Pauline Gore retires from the Supreme Court. She had waited until the end of the term in the first year of a Democratic President to retire. President Andrew Young appoints federal Judge Betty B. Fletcher to replace her. She is easily confirmed.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 5-16-1977
Event Description: Ken Norton defends the Heavyweight Title by defeating Alfredo Evangelista in a decision at the Capital Centre in Landover, Maryland, outside Washington, D.C.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 6-13-1977
Event Description: Supreme Court Justice Tom Clark dies. Having resisted the pressure to appoint a fellow black man earlier in the year, upon the retirement of Pauline Gore (although he did appoint a woman), President Andrew Young now appoints federal Judge A. Leon Higginbotham to replace Clark. He is also easily confirmed.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 7-13-1977
Event Description: A blackout strikes New York City. Due to anti-poverty and anti-crime measures, looting is minimal.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 7-14-1977
Event Description: The film "The Spy Who Loved Me" is released. It is the fifth film in which Roger Moore plays British secret agent James Bond. He pursues Karl Stromberg, a mad genius who has stolen American, British, Russian and Chinese nuclear submarines in an attempt to start World War III, wiping out everyone except his chosen few, who would survive at his underwater base "Atlantis." Bond is alternately aided and hindered by Chinese agent Yu en-Mei, played by Nora Miao, a Hong Kong-born actress known for her work in martial-arts films. It becomes the highest-grossing Bond film to date.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 8-16-1977
Event Description: The Gladys Presley Memorial Center for Drug & Alcohol Rehabilition opens in Memphis, Tennessee. Named for his mother, "King of Rock and Roll" Elvis Presley announces that all who enter will have the strictest of confidentiality, and no one outside will know unless the patients later wish to make it public. Among the patients who will check into the Gladys Presley Center before the year is out are actress Elizabeth Taylor and Betty Ford, whose husband Gerald was Speaker of the House of Representatives from 1967 to 1969 and again from 1971 to 1975.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 9-29-1977
Event Description: Earnie Shavers becomes the Heavyweight Champion of the World by knocking out Ken Norton in the 11th round at Madison Square Garden in New York.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 10-18-1977
Event Description: Repairs are made to the Skylab space station by a joint American and Russian team of astronauts. It is now believed to be spaceworthy for at least the rest of the 20th Century. A few hours later, the New York Yankees win their record 21st World Championship, but their first in 15 years, defeating the Los Angeles Dodgers 8-4 in Game 6 of the World Series at Yankee Stadium. Yankee right fielder Reggie Jackson blasts three home runs, tying a Series record set by Yankee legend Babe Ruth twice in the 1920s, and doig it on three successive swings of the bat. Naturally, Jackson wins the Babe Ruth Award, given to the World Series' Most Valuable Player. According to City records, over 100 baby boys born in the City over the remainder of the month of October are named "Reginald" or "Reggie" in honor of Reginald Martinez Jackson -- as is a candy bar made by the Curtiss Candy Company, which had also marketed the Baby Ruth bar since Ruth's time.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 11-8-1977
Event Description: Mario Cuomo, the Secretary of State of the State of New York, is elected Mayor of the City of New York. Having won the nominations of the Democratic and Liberal Parties, he defeats John Marchi, a State Senator from Staten Island, who, as he had in the 1969 and 1973 elections, received the nominations of the Republican and Conservative Parties. To win the Democratic Primary, Cuomo had to defeat three current or former members of the City's Congressional delegation: Edward I. Koch, Bella Abzug and Herman Badillo.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 12-19-1977
Event Description: A film version of "All the President's Men" is released. Robert Redford plays Washington Post reporter Bob Woodward. Dustin Hoffman plays his partner, Carl Bernstein. Jason Robards plays Post editor-in-chief Ben Bradlee, who helps them uncover the Watergate plot that helped to bring down President Ronald Reagan. By a weird coincidence, the real Bradlee is now engaged to be married to Sally Quinn, the former Post reporter whose 1965-66 affair with President John F. Kennedy nearly brought down that Presidency.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 1-19-1978
Event Description: The Baseball Hall of Fame elects New York Yankee center fielder Mickey Mantle, Milwaukee Brave third baseman Eddie Matthews, Cleveland Indian pitcher Addie Joss, and Larry MacPhail, a general manager for several teams who introduced night games and radio broadcasts to the major leagues.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 2-15-1978
Event Description: In what was meant to be a tuneup fight to regain the Heavyweight Title from Earnie Shavers, Ken Norton is shocked, losing a unanimous decision to Leon Spinks at Caesars Palace in Las Vegas. Spinks had won a Gold Medal at the 1976 Olympics, but was in only his ninth professoinal fight. Spinks is now set up to fight Shavers.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 4-3-1978
Event Description: The Academy Awards are held at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion in Los Angeles. Host Bob Hope makes a few silly remarks about former President Ronald Reagan, who looks very bad in Best Picture nominee "All the President's Men." He makes a few space-age cracks about another Best Picture nominee, the science-fiction blockbuster "Star Wars." He chides Best Actress nominee Diane Keaton for her wardrobe in Best Picture nominee "Annie Hall." Keaton wins Best Actress anyway. Winning Best Supporting Actress for her role in "Julia," Vanessa Redgrave attacks the racism and anti-Semitism shown by the Nazis, in the film and in real life, but then complains about "Zionist hoodlums," drawing audible gasps from the theater audience. Richard Dreyfuss wins Best Actor for "The Goodbye Girl," and Jason Robards wins Best Supporting Actor for playing Washington Post editor Ben Bradlee in "All the President's Men," having also been nominated for a role in "Julia." Despite being the most successful film ever at the box office, "Star Wars" loses Best Picture to "Annie Hall," and Woody Allen wins Best Director for it.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 4-10-1978
Event Description: The first reusable spacecraft is launched from the Albert A. Gore Space Center in Cape Canaveral, Florida. The "space shuttle" is named Enterprise, in honor of several American warships, including the great aircraft carrier in World War II, but also in honor of the starship in the TV series "Star Trek." "Star Trek: The Motion Picture" halts production to allow the cast members to attend the launch. The shuttle will orbit the Earth for six days, and land safely at Edwards Air Force Base in southern California.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 9-10-1978
Event Description: Having seen his team's 14-game lead over the New York Yankees drop to one game, and seeing them beat his team 15-3, 13-2 and 7-0 over the last three days, Boston Red Sox manager Don Zimmer bows to the request of team captain Carl Yastrzemski, and starts Bill Lee, a quriky lefthander known as the Spaceman, who'd been criticizing him and ended up in his "doghouse" after several poor outings. This is another: The Spaceman doesn't get out of the first inning, proving Zim's point. The Sox close to within 7-4, but the Yankee bullpen slams the door, completing a four-game sweep and tying the Sox for the American League Eastern Division lead. The teams will finish in a tie for first place, and the Yanks will win a one-game Playoff on home runs by Bucky Dent and Reggie Jackson.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 9-15-1978
Event Description: Earnie Shavers defends the Heavyweight Title by knocking out Leon Spinks in the seventh round at the Superdome in New Orleans.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 9-17-1978
Event Description: After a year's worth of intense negotiations, capped by a week of talks at the Presidential retreat of Camp Esther, President Anwar Sadat of Egypt and Prime Minister Menachem Begin joins President Andrew Young at the White House, for the signing of the Camp Esther Accord. The state of war between Egypt and Israel, which has officially existed for all of Israel's 36-year nationhood, is over. The three heads of government will share the Nobel Peace Prize.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 11-7-1978
Event Description: The Republicans make slight gains in the Congressional elections, but the Democrats keep solid control of both houses, as President Andrew Young remains popular. Congressman Bill Clinton is elected Governor of Arkansas. At 32, the Democrat is the youngest Governor in the country.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 1-31-1979
Event Description: Premier Deng Xiaoping announces that the Communist Party of China is dissolved. The 36-year (to the day) experiment in Communism is over, and there are no more Communist nations on planet Earth. Deng renames his party the People's Socialist Party, and announces that elections for a Parliament will be held in the summer, and that the elected Parliament will appoint the President. Of course, that President turns out to be Deng himself. It will still be some time before the people of China are used to opposing candidates.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 2-11-1979
Event Description: To stem rising tensions in his homeland, Mohammed Reza Pahlavi takes the advice of Kings Hussein I of Jordan and Faisal II of Iraq, and steps aside as Shah of Iran. His son, 18-year-old Reza Cyrus Pahlavi, is proclaimed Reza Shah II, and announces that he will be a constitutional monarch, rather than an absolute one like his father, and that Prime Minister Shapour Bakhtiar will continue in office. The Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini remains in exile in France.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 4-2-1979
Event Description: Carroll Rosenbloom, co-owner of the NFL's Tampa Bay Buccaneers, drowns off the coast of Florida. He was 72. His wife, Georgia, inherits his share, and spends the next 26 years feuding with co-owner Hugh Culverhouse and then, after his death, with Hugh Culverhouse Jr.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 4-9-1979
Event Description: The Academy Awards are held at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion in Los Angeles, hosted by "Tonight Show" host Johnny Carson. The award for Best Picture goes to "The Deer Hunter," a film about a group of friends from a steel-mill town in Western Pennsylvania, and the effects of the Korean War on them. (It was originally supposed to be the Vietnam War, but it was thought that the nuclear aspect of Korea would make for better drama.) The film also wins Best Actor for Robert DeNiro and Best Supporting Actor for Christopher Walken in his radiation-scarred role. It was widely believed that Jane Fonda would win Best Actress for "Coming Home," in which she starred as the wife of a Vietnam War veteran, but the Oscar was won instead by Jill Clayburgh for "An Unmarried Woman." Fonda had previously won for "Klute" in 1971, so it's not as if she was cheated out of her best shot at winning.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 6-29-1979
Event Description: "Moonraker" is released, the sixth film starring Roger Moore as James Bond. While the 1954 Ian Fleming novel was about a stolen military aircraft, in the film the "Moonrakers" are a private fleet of space shuttles, first built by British industrialist Sir Hugo Drax (Michael Londsale), and then used by him to further his mission, to destroy all life on Earth except for his chosen few, whose superior talents will repopulate the Earth with virtual supermen. It's a virtual rehash of the seaborne "The Spy Who Loved Me" of two years earlier, and despite the title her character bears, American actress Lois Chiles will forever be remembered with the envelope-pushing name of "Doctor Holly Goodhead." The film was an attempt by the Bond franchise to piggyback onto the science-fiction craze brought about by "Star Wars," "Star Trek: The Motion Picture," "Battlestar Galactica," "Close Encounters of the Third Kind," and so on. Instead, it becomes the campiest, dopiest Bond film yet. And, at age 52, Moore looks old, puffy, and a caricature of Agent 007. "If I'd tried to 'James Bond in Space' for this show," Bob Hope says on his next NBC TV special, "it wouldn't have been any more ridiculous." Moore had wanted to step aside after this film, but now, he has to try on more film as Bond. "Film number 007, of course," he will say.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 7-15-1979
Event Description: President Andrew Young signs the Energy Assistance Act of 1979. It takes an idea that former President John F. Kennedy (who, along with his brother, Citizens Energy Corporation Chairman Robert F. Kennedy, is on hand) had given President Ronald Reagan six years ago, and makes it a reality: Tax credits for energy consumption for households. The worldwide energy crisis isn't helped much outside the U.S., but inside, the Act helps a great deal. The Act also allows greater tax deductions for gasoline use, making the current high gas prices easier to bear. Still, Hendrik Hertzberg, one of President Young's speechwriters, tells him, "The country is in a bit of a malaise. Most of it is economic, but some of it is spiritual. It's almost as if America has a crisis of confidence." Young rebuffs him: "There's no crisis of confidence. This nation's in a minor slump. And this new law will help us break out." Despite some warning signs, the nation does not appear to be in danger of slipping into a recession.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 7-16-1979
Event Description: King Faisal II of Iraq is assassinated, shot by a Baath Party activist named Saddam Hussein. The King was 44 years old. Royal bodyguards open fire as Hussein attempts to flee, and cut him down. Before nightfall, the 16-year-old Crown Prince is proclaimed King Ghazi II, Prince Abdul Ilah is proclaimed regent (as he once had been during Faisal's minority), and the royal assassin is hanged.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 7-17-1979
Event Description: President Anastasio Somoza Debayle flees Nicaragua in advance of a coming coup. The former dictator flees to Paraguay, where he will be assassinated a year later. Violeta Chamorro, a noted publisher and champion of freedom of expression, is named President by the new junta, and will soon win election to a full term. Her government will be one of social democracy, although she and her one-time ally, Daniel Ortega, will wind up trading power in the nation's elections for the next 30 years.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 9-28-1979
Event Description: Larry Holmes wins the Heavyweight Title by knocking out Champion Earnie Shavers in the 11th round at Caesars Palace in Las Vegas.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 10-16-1979
Event Description: The John F. Kennedy Presidential Library opens at Columbia Point, on the Boston campus of the University of Massachusetts, nearly 11 years after its subject left the Presidency. Now 62 years old and looking closer to 70, JFK is using a cane to get around. His brother, formerly Attorney General, Robert F. Kennedy, has recently been appointed the nation's first Secretary of Energy by President Andrew Young. His other surviving brother, Senator Ted Kennedy, gives the opening speech. Also attending are Young and former Presidents Ronald Reagan and Richmond Flowers. Quentin Roosevelt has been ill lately but sends his regards. The reason for the absence of Albert (Happy) Chandler is not known. This is the first time that JFK and his estranged wife, Jacqueline, have been seen together in public since the end of his Administration. It is rumored that JFK has been seeing an actress, although reports conflict as to which one.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 10-22-1979
Event Description: The Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini takes a big chance and returns to Iran. Reza Shah II says that the Ayatollah is welcome to return, but interference with Iranian governmental functions or elections will not be tolerated. Prime Minister Shapour Bakhtiar says he will enforce the Shah's pronouncement.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 11-4-1979
Event Description: Supporters of the Ayatollah Khomeini storm the U.S. Embassy in Tehran, taking 70 hostages. They demand that Reza Shah II abdicate and Prime Minister Shapour Bakhtiar resign, in favor of an Islamic theocracy.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 11-7-1979
Event Description: The Iranian Imperial Guard surrounds the Tehran residence of the Ayatollah Khomeini. Their commander tells the Imam that he must order the militants to release the hostages at the American Embassy. If he does not, he will be arrested and imprisoned until the hostages are released. He is also told that Reza Shah II and Prime Minister Shapour Bakhtiar have the backing of the Regent of Iraq, the King of Jordan, the King of Saudi Arabia and the President of Egypt. All had been lined up behind the Shah and the Prime Minister through the diplomacy of American President Andrew Young. The Ayatollah is alone. But he refuses to give in. He is arrested.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 11-8-1979
Event Description: A shootout breaks out between the Iranian Imperial Guard and the fundamentalist Islamic militants holding 70 Americans hostage at the U.S. Embassy in Tehran. All of the militans end up dead. Two of the hostages are killed, but the rest survive. The crisis is over. The militants' spiritual leader, the Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, will be convicted of treason, but his life will be spared due to his age, 79. It will be quite some time before Islamic fundamentalists try anything so reckless and stupid again.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 11-16-1979
Event Description: Former Governor George Wallace of Alabama, now 60 years old, formerly a Democrat but now a Republican, stands on the steps of the State Capitol in Montgomery and announces his fourth campaign for President. In the Washington Post, cartoonist Herb Block draws Wallace at a podium, and uses as his caption a quote, which Block attributes to Albert Einstein: "Insanity is doing the same thing over and over again, and expecting a different result."

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 1-21-1980
Event Description: Former Governor George Wallace, on his fourth run for the Presidency, shocks the field by winning the Iowa Caucuses, appealing to the religious vote. He edges former Vice President George Bush, who'd hoped to win the religious-conservative voters by reminding them that he was the Number 2 man in the Administration of their favorite President, Ronald Reagan. Senate Minority Leader Howard Baker of Tennessee finishes third, and the other candidates -- former Governor John Connally of Texas and Illinois Congressmen John Anderson and Philip Crane -- barely get any votes at all.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 2-22-1980
Event Description: At the Winter Olympics in Lake Placid, New York, the American hockey team beats the Russian team, 4-3, to advance to the Gold Medal game. The Russians were heavy favorites, but the Americans rode the home crowd to victory. It is a big upset, but is quickly pushed aside in the players' minds, as there is still one more game to play. Two days later, the U.S. team will beat Finland, 4-2, and win the Gold Medal. In the years to come, the upset of the Russians will seem less important than the Gold Medal win over the Finns.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 2-26-1980
Event Description: With the endorsement of the intensely anti-tax Union Leader of Manchester, the State's largest newspaper in its largest city, Congressman Philip Crane of Illinois, the most ardent tax-cutter in the field, wins the New Hampshire Primary in a major upset. He edges former Vice President George Bush, who has now finished second in both major early contests. Senate Minority Leader Howard Baker of Tennessee matches his third-place finish in the Iowa Caucuses. Former Governor George Wallace of Alabama, the winner in Iowa, is a distant fourth in the Granite State. Crane's fellow Illinois Congressman, John Anderson, and former Texas Governor John Connally each get only a smattering of votes.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 3-8-1980
Event Description: Governor Wallace wins the South Carolina Primary, but not by much over Senator Baker. Wallace needed a big win in a Southern State to boost him after his disaster in New Hampshire, but he and Baker split the Southern vote. Governor Connally could not get a piece of that, and drops out of the race. Congressman Crane finishes third, and is in good shape. Former Vice President Bush, though a Navy veteran of the Korean War, could not win over the vet and religious-conservative voters who dominate the Palmetto State. He stays in the race, as does Congressman Anderson, who is hoping against hope to win in Illinois, even though Crane is still in the race and has won New Hampshire.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 3-11-1980
Event Description: Governor Wallace wins the Primary in his home State of Alabama. No surprise there. What is a surprise is that former Vice President Bush wins in Florida, where his son John Ellis "Jeb" Bush lives and has been organizing for him. Senator Baker finishes second in Alabama, tops Wallace for second in Florida, and edges Wallace to win Georgia. Illinois is coming up, and Congressman Crane needs it badly, and Congressman Anderson needs it just to get to the Wisconsin Primary on April 1.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 3-14-1980
Event Description: Congressman Philip Crane of Illinois, despite having won the New Hampshire Primary and having his home-State Primary coming in just four days, drops out of the race for the Republican nomination for President, and endorses former Vice President George Bush. The rumor going around the media is that Bush offered Crane the Vice Presidential nomination, something that former Governor George Wallace of Alabama would most likely never offer him, although Senate Minority Leader Howard Baker of Tennessee might. This move may hurt Wallace and Baker. It might help the other Illinois Congressman in the race, John Anderson, but if the people who were going to vote for Crane instead follow his lead and go for Bush, Anderson's cause is completely lost.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 3-18-1980
Event Description: Former Vice President George Bush wins the Illinois Primary with 42 percent of the vote, much of it coming from the supporters of Phil Crane, the Congressman from the northwestern suburbs of Chicago who dropped out of the race four days ago. Howard Baker of Tennessee, the Senate Minority Leader, finishes second with 24 percent. The other Illinois Congressman in the race, John Anderson, finishes third with 21 percent and, seeing how hopeless his cause now is, drops out. Former Governor George Wallace of Alabama, hoping to tap into resentment against crime, gains a dismal 12 percent. Having won only the Iowa Caucuses, he hopes to hang on until May 3, the Texas Primary, and then May 6, Indiana, Tennessee and North Carolina. With Crane out of the race, Wallace is now billing himself as "the only true conservative in the race."

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 4-1-1980
Event Description: Former Vice President Bush wins the Wisconsin Primary, but only slightly over Senator Baker. Governor Wallace is far behind.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 4-16-1980
Event Description: President Andrew Young signs the Mental Health Assistance Act, increasing aid to psychiatric wards, particularly those in veterans' hospitals, extending such aid not just to veterans but to their wives and children.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 4-22-1980
Event Description: Former Vice President Bush wins the Pennsylvania Primary. Senator Baker is close behind, though. Governor Wallace was unable to make much use of his fading populist charm in the steel-mill and coal-mine towns of the Keystone State. If he doesn't win the Southern States coming up, he has no chance at taking the nomination fight all the way to the Republican Convention.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 5-3-1980
Event Description: Former Vice President George Bush, a resident of Texas, wins the State's Primary, but with only 39 percent of the vote. Senate Minority Leader Howard Baker gets 36 percent. Governor George Wallace, banking on a good showing in the Lone Star State, gets 23 percent, good enough to try to hang on for the Primaries coming up in three more days: Indiana, North Carolina and Tennessee -- Baker's home State, but also one bordering Wallace's Alabama.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 5-6-1980
Event Description: In the Primary in Tennessee, home State of Howard Baker, the Senate Minority Leader: Baker 52 percent, former Governor George Wallace of Alabama 32 percent, former Vice President George Bush 12 percent. In the neighboring State of North Carolina: Baker 47, Wallace 36, Bush 14. In Indiana: Bush 45, Baker 36, Wallace 15. Baker goes a long way toward cutting down Bush's lead in Delegates. Wallace did not do nearly as well as he needed. Still, he refuses to drop out of the race. He had done well in Maryland in 1972, and their Primary is coming up. So is Nebraska's, and maybe while there he can tap into religious-conservative resentment toward the Young Administration. He is ready to make his last stand, even if it's not in Dixie Land.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 5-11-1980
Event Description: An accident infringes on the race for the Presidency. While George Wallace, the former Governor of Alabama and a candidate desperate to keep his Presidential hopes alive, is speaking to a crowd in Salisbury, on Maryland's Eastern Shore, a bank of lights shorts out and breaks off a tower, landing right on him. Although the danger of electrocution is gone, the weight of the lights crushes him and injures his back, and the heat of the lamps burns his face and throat. Wallace will live another 18 years, but will spend much of that time in a wheelchair, and finds speaking very difficult. He will never be able to run for public office again, and his 16-year quest for the Presidency is over.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 5-13-1980
Event Description: Former Vice President Bush wins the Maryland Primary, but Senate Minority Leader Baker wins the Nebraska Primary. The Republican nomination to face President Young may go all the way to the Convention.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 5-20-1980
Event Description: Senate Minority Leader Baker beats former Vice President Bush in both the Michigan and Oregon Primaries, but not by much. Bush still has a slim lead in Delegates, but he's still well short of a minority. Coming in two weeks are nine Primaries, including the big States of California, Ohio and New Jersey.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 6-3-1980
Event Description: The Republican nomination for the Presidency is pretty much decided in favor of George Bush, who served as Vice President under Ronald Reagan from 1973 to 1977. He easily wins the Primaries in California, New Jersey and Rhode Island, although only the first two have enough Delegates to matter. He edges Howard Baker, the Senate Minority Leader, in the important State of Ohio, sweeping the three States with the most Delegates available today, and putting him only a few short of a majority. Baker runs away with the Southern State of Mississippi and the quasi-Southern State of West Virginia, and edges Bush in Montana, New Mexico and Dakota. He has run a good race, but drops out and endorses Bush. He's now got a campaign to run to regain the Congress for the Republicans, and become Senate Majority Leader.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 7-17-1980
Event Description: Former Vice President George Bush accepts the nomination of the Republican Convention at the Joe Louis Arena in Detroit. Congressman Philip Crane of Illinois is nominated for Vice President. "Mr. Young governs this nation as if he believes the light has gone out of our nation," Bush says. "But I see America as our founders saw it, as a city on a hill, shining with a thousand points of light." Crane, the tax-cutting defense hawk, gets a better response: "Mr. Young said he would raise taxes only as a last resort. My fellow Americans, the Democrat Party always checks into that resort!" He waits for the cheering to stop, and says, "It's like that song the young people like, about the hotel in California: We can check out any time we like, but we can never leave! On November 4th, tell Andrew Young we're leaving, and we're not coming back!"

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 7-27-1980
Event Description: Mark Chapman is admitted to a psychiatric unit of Queen Kapiolani Hospital in Honolulu, Hawaii.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 8-14-1980
Event Description: The Democratic Convention at Madison Square Garden in New York renominates President Andrew Young and Vice President Martha Griffiths. Young comments on Republican Vice Presidential nominee Phil Crane's mishandling of quoting the song "Hotel California" at his acceptance speech: "If Congressman Crane likes the rock band the Eagles, I've got news for him: He's going to have a 'Heartache Tonight!' We're not going to 'Take It Easy.' Instead, we're going to 'Take It to the Limit' one more time. So my message to that 'New Kid In Town' is, when you look up on the night of November 4th, you'll be 'Already Gone.' We'll be all right in 'The Long Run.'" Young stops short of calling either Crane or Presidential nominee George Bush a "Desperado," but continues: "We've got a few songs of our own, liked by people young and old alike: 'I Will Survive.' These are the 'Good Times.' Because each of you, my fellow Americans, has proven to be a 'Shining Star.'"

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 11-4-1980
Event Description: The Presidential election is surprisingly close. In the fall, inflation was up, the stock market was down, and economic indicators began suggesting a recession might be coming. But the news came too late to help the Republican ticket of former Vice President George Bush and Illinois Congressman Phil Crane. The incumbent Democrats, President Andrew Young and Vice President Martha Griffiths, won with just over 52 percent of the vote, winning 327 Electoral Votes to Bush-Crane's 211. The Republicans managed to win traditionally Democratic States like Colorado, Missouri, Ohio, Texas and Washington, and had their strongest showings in ages in many others. Washington Post columnist George Will, admittedly favoring the Bush campaign (but secretly wishing Crane were the nominee), writes that if the election were held one week later, Bush would have won. The Republicans also make some gains in Congressional and Gubernatorial races. In Arkansas, Democratic Governor Bill Clinton is defeated for re-election by Republican Frank White. At 34, Clinton is the youngest ex-Governor in the country. In New Jersey, Samuel J. Crandall is elected to the Middlesex County Board of Chosen Freeholders. Democrats such as Crandall have dominated the County since the days of Eleanor Roosevelt's New Deal in the 1930s.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 11-12-1980
Event Description: John Hinckley is admitted to a psychiatric hospital in Colorado Springs, Colorado. His observers hear him muttering over and over again about the film "Taxi Driver" and how he has to "save" one of the film's stars, teenage actress Jodie Foster. Clearly, this young man is quite deranged, and he will not be released anytime soon.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 12-8-1980
Event Description: Mark Chapman is released from Queen Kapiolani Hospital in Honolulu, Hawaii. He will continue to undergo counseling on an outpatient basis. Meanwhile, in New York, former Beatle John Lennon and his wife, Yoko Ono, continue recording for a new album.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 1-27-1981
Event Description: Air Force General Edward H. White II, the first American astronaut to take a "spacewalk," dies of a heart attack. He was just 50 years old.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 3-30-1981
Event Description: Responding to the wishes of labor leaders concerned that rising inflation and dropping stock prices might lead to a recession, President Andrew Young meets with them at a luncheon at the Hilton Hotel in Washington, D.C. Having reassured them that he will use every power available to the Presidency to hold off a recession, he walks back to his car. He waves to a few people. He gets into the car. He is taken back to the White House, and arrives without incident. That night, Indiana University defeats the University of North Carolina for the National Championship of College Basketball. Patients at a psychiatric hospital in Colorado Springs, Colorado are permitted to watch. At one point, Indiana coach Bobby Knight is shown screaming at a referee over a perceived bad call. One of the patients, John Hinckley, screams at the TV screen, "You talking to me? Hey, ref, are you talking to me?" No one knows what Hinckley means by that, because those who can read lips know that Knight is saying something considerably more profane.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 4-2-1981
Event Description: Robert Hale Merriman, commander of the Robert E. Lee Brigade that liberated Ethiopia from Italy in 1937, dies at his home in Berkeley, where he had taught at the University of California. He was 73 years old. On this same day, at a psychiatric hospital in Colorado Springs, patient John Hinckley receives a red sweater from his mother. He had asked for one yesterday after watching Indiana basketball coach Bobby Knight wearing one in the National Championship game. He is still repeatedly muttering the words, "Are you talking to me?" Finally, someone figures out it's a line from a movie he's been obsessing over, "Taxi Driver," delivered by the title character, Travis Bickle, played by Robert DeNiro.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 6-26-1981
Event Description: For the seventh -- or, as he will say himself, the 007th -- and last time, Roger Moore plays Bond, James Bond, in "Octopussy," released to American theaters today. Swedish actress Maud Adams becomes, through 2007, the only two-time "Bond Girl," playing the title character, a British woman running a smuggling ring through several legimiate "front" businesses from a palace in India, aided and guarded by a cult of female gymnast/martial arts experts, with the assistance of an exiled Afghan prince, played by French actor Louis Jordan, who's actually working for a renegade Chinese general, who's planning on blowing up an American military base in Thailand as a way of starting World War III, and Bond and Octopussy become allies, and more, as they... well, it's plots like these, and advancing age (he's 53) that have led Moore to quit, but when it's all over, Bond manages to keep on top of things. EON Productions now has to search for a new actor to play Agent 007 in the next movie, due in two years.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 7-3-1981
Event Description: Justice Potter Stewart retires from the Supreme Court. He was the last Justice who had been appointed by President Quentin Roosevelt. President Andrew Young appoints Judge Ruth Bader Ginsburg to succeed him.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 9-1-1981
Event Description: Albert Speer, who served as Chancellor of Germany from 1954 to 1957, dies of a cerebral hemorrhage at the age of 76.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 11-3-1981
Event Description: Mayor Mario Cuomo of New York is re-elected, defeating Congressman Ed Koch in a rematch of 1977. Cuomo won the nominations of New York State's Democratic and Liberal Parties, while Koch, nominally a Democrat, was reluctantly endorsed by the State's Republican and Conservative Parties. The Conservatives will not be so willing in the future.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 12-4-1981
Event Description: Warren Beatty releases "Whites," which he directed and in which he also stars, playing journalist John Reed in 1917, Russia's "Year of the Revolutions." Seemingly sympathetic to the Bolsheviks (the "Reds"), rather than to the republicans (the "Whites") led by Aleksandr Kerensky, the film is a collossal flop, and Beatty looks like a fool.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 12-25-1981
Event Description: Over Christmas dinner in Little Rock, Arkansas, former Governor Bill Clinton says he wants to run for Governor again. "No," his wife, Hillary Rodham, tells him. "You had your chance, and you blew it. Now it's my turn to run for office." A true supporter of women in politics, Bill doesn't try to change her mind.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 3-29-1982
Event Description: The Academy Awards are held in Los Angeles, hosted by Johnny Carson. "Chariots of Fire," about British runners at the 1924 Olympics in Paris, wins Best Picture, beating out "Atlantic City," "On Golden Pond," "Raiders of the Lost Ark" and "Albert and Pauline," starring Tommy Lee Jones as President Albert Gore (served 1961-63) and Susan Sarandon as his First Lady. Sarandon had also starred with Burt Lancaster in "Atlantic City," but loses Best Actress to Katherine Hepburn for "On Golden Pond," and Jones and Lancaster both lose Best Actor to Henry Fonda for the same film. Fonda had never won before (although his daughter Jane had won Best Actress and his son Peter had won Best Screenplay), and it is suspected that he gets the award for this role, hardly his best work, because he is dying.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 4-5-1982
Event Description: Yuri Andropov is elected to a second term as President of the Russian Republic, defeating Andrei Gromyko. This will be the last Presidential election in Russia with both parties -- Andropov's Socialists and Gromyko's Nationalists -- nominating members of the World War II generation.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 6-4-1982
Event Description: "Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan" is released. The crew of the starship Enterprise meets an old enemy -- a really old enemy, the late 20th Century (in their timeline, anyway) tyrant Khan Noonian Singh, played as he was in a 1967 episode of the TV series by Mexican actor Ricardo Montalban. The film also introduces Merritt Buttrick, playing Dr. David Marcus, now-Admiral James T. Kirk's son from a youthful affair, and Cree Summer, playing Samantha Kirk, daughter of Kirk (William Shatner) and his wife, his former Communications Officer, now Starfleet Professor, Commander Nyota Uhura (Nichelle Nichols). Named for her scientist uncle, Dr. George Samuel Kirk Jr. (a.k.a. "Sam," seen killed in the series episode "Operation: Annihilate!"), Samantha is a genius, preparing for her impending admission to Starfleet Academy despite being only 13 years old, when her half-brother Dr. Marcus sees his project hijacked by Khan, and the Enterprise has to come to the rescue. Also appearing is Kirstie Alley as Lt. Saavik, who is half-Vulcan and half-Romulan, something of a protegee to Captain Spock (Leonard Nimoy). Some fans think the much-younger Saavik is Spock's girlfriend, others his daughter, though neither is explicitly stated in the movie. Some mock the film as "Star Trek: The Next Generation," and many "Trekkies" are horrified that the film features the death of Spock. But the film is a much bigger hit at the box office than the previous "Star Trek: The Motion Picture" from 1978.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 8-1-1982
Event Description: Rockets fired by the Israeli Defense Forces flatten the bunker where Palestine Liberation Organization Chairman Yasser Arafat is hiding. He is dead at age 53. General Ariel Sharon demands that the PLO surrender immediately, and that Syria stay out of the PLO's decision-making process, at the risk of Israeli bombing raids on Damascus. Speaking for the surviving leadership of the PLO, Muhammad Zaidan, alias Abu Abbas, surrenders. He believes that the only path to a Palestinian nation now is through peaceful negotiation. Although Jordan is still officially at war with Israel, it has not attacked since 1967, and the only nation that refuses to acknowledge Israel's right to exist as a Jewish state is Syria.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 9-13-1982
Event Description: President Andrew Young flies to Jerusalem to attend the signing of the peace treaty between Prime Minister Menachem Begin of Israel and King Hussein I of Jordan, which he had helped to bring about. Now, only Syria is still at war with Israel. This will remain a problem for the Middle East and its observers.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 11-2-1982
Event Description: As the economy falls further into recession, with inflation at 13 percent and unemployment at 8 percent, the Republicans make big gains, taking the Senate and nearly taking the house. In Arkansas, Governor Frank White is re-elected, defeating Congressman Jim Guy Tucker. However, many Arkansans split their tickets, as Hillary Rodham, wife of former Governor Bill Clinton, is elected State Attorney General. Another member of a prominent political family in the South, Al Gore, son of a President and a Supreme Court Justice, is elected to the U.S. House of Representatives. Republican businessman Lewis Lehrman is elected Governor of New York, defeating the Democratic nominee, Manhattan-based Congressman Ed Koch. Koch returns to the practice of law. Although he will often appear as a "talking head" on news programs, and will write a newspaper column and several books, he will never run for another office.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 11-10-1982
Event Description: Leonid Brezhnev, who served as President of the Russian Republic from 1967 to 1977, dies at the age of 76. He had been complaining of a cold, but was actually stricken with pnuemonia.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 1-30-1983
Event Description: Super Bowl XVII is held at the Rose Bowl in Pasadena, California. The Washington Federals win their first World Championship in 40 years, defeating the Memphis Hound Dogs, 27-17. Unhappy with the performance of quarterback David Woodley, the Dogs pursue a new passer. At the draft, many hope that John Elway of Stanford will still be available. But he is taken as the first pick by the Baltimore Colts, who fail to sign him, and trade his rights to the Denver Broncos. With the 27th and next-to-last pick in the first round, the Dogs are still hoping for a quarterback. But Hound Dogs co-owner and singer Elvis Presley notices who is still available, and calls coach Don Shula and says, "Get that Italian kid from Pittsburgh! He'll be a big star, Don!" And so, instead of going down in history as the youngest quarterback ever to start a Super Bowl, David Woodley is remembered today as the guy between two Hall of Fame quarterbacks for Memphis: Bob Griese and Dan Marino.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 3-6-1983
Event Description: The United States Football League begins play, a spring competitor to the National Football League. Among the USFL teams is the Miami Dolphins, the first major-league (sort of) sports team to play in that city since the All-America Football Conference's failed one-year experiment with the Miami Seahawks in 1946. (They became the Baltimore Colts the next year.) At first, the reason not to put any teams in Miami was the lack of facilities except for the Orange Bowl. Then it was the distance from the rest of the NFL teams. Then it was a backlash against the Gore assassination. Now, nearly 20 years after the assassination, the 'Phins begin play and, in their first game, at the Orange Bowl, lose 53-14 to the Nashville Chords. Losing 13 of their first 14 games, the 'Phins are mocked for their garish aquamarine and orange uniforms, are easily outdrawn at the Orange Bowl by the rising program at the University of Miami (which still doesn't sell the old horseshoe out) and sometimes even by nearby baseball teams in the Florida State League -- Class A, three steps from the majors! -- and are called "The Fish That Can't Swim" by legendary Miami Herald columnist Edwin Pope.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 6-10-1983
Event Description: Timothy Dalton, a Welsh actor probably best remembered thus far for his role as King Philip of France in the 1968 film "The Lion In Winter," is Bond. James Bond. Agent 007 returns in "The Property of a Lady," a title used by Bond creator Ian Fleming, although the story for the film is completely new: The longtime banter between Bond and Miss Moneypenny, secretary to the MI6 head known to the film audience only as "M," finally leads somewhere. Moneypenny, also played by a new actor, Caroline Bliss replacing Lois Maxwell, is finally given a first name, Jane. (With Bernard Lee having died, "M" is also played by a new actor, Robert Brown, who portrayed Admiral Hargreaves in "The Spy Who Loved Me," his earlier character having been promoted.) But the new relationship only goes so far, as, on their first date, Bond is shot and Moneypenny is kidnapped. It seems that Ernst Stavro Blofeld, the villain of five Bond films (but whose face was only seen in three of them and had changed for each) has a son, Albert Niarchos Blofeld, played by Rowan Atkinson. (Albert's mother, presumably the original Blofeld's wife, is never identified.) As the head of a revived SPECTRE, his demands are severe. Having taken his revenge on Bond for killing his father and destroying the original SPECTRE, he is sure that Bond is in no position to interfere. But Bond lives, and, having struck at MI6 and his dear friend Jane Moneypenny, and remembering that the elder Blofeld had killed his wife Tracy, a not-yet-fully-recovered Bond goes bananas in pursuit of the younger Blofeld. Dalton is well-received, particularly by fans who remember the Fleming novels going back to 1949, claiming that he is closer to Fleming's version of Bond than David Niven, Sean Connery or Roger Moore had ever been.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 7-29-1983
Event Description: Less than two months after the premiere of the latest James Bond film, "The Property of a Lady," Sir David Niven, the first actor to play Bond, in "Casino Royale" in 1955, dies of amoyotrophic lateral sclerosis (a.k.a. "Lou Gehrig's Disease"). He was 73. Because of his illness, he turned down an offer to pose with fellow Bond actors Sean Connery, Roger Moore, and the new hire, Timothy Dalton.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 9-1-1983
Event Description: Korean Air Lines Flight 007 leaves a refueling stop in Anchorage, Alaska, and heads for Seoul, Korea. It drifts off-course, crossing over Russian territory, Sakhalin Island. The Russian Republic's White Air Force tracks it, but recognizes it as a civilian airliner, and guides it back on course. The plane lands safely in Seoul. Among the 269 passengers is Congressman Larry McDonald, a Democrat but one so conservative that he was once elected president of the John Birch Society.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 9-30-1983
Event Description: On the last day of the fiscal year, President Andrew Young and the Republican-controlled Congress reach a budget agreement. The budget holds the line, in constant dollars, on Social Security, Medicare, Medicaid and MediKid spending, and cuts defense spending, allowing the deficit to be cut from a record $178 billion to $125 billion, and includes targeted tax cuts. Young wanted to spend more on social programs and cut more defense spending. The Republicans wanted to cut taxes mroe and actually cut spending on those programs. Neither side likes this budget, but both sides can live with it.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 10-23-1983
Event Description: The U.S. peacekeeping force in Beirut, Lebanon suffers a devastating blow. A suicide bomber attacks a Marine base, killing 241 Americans. Hezbollah, the Syrian-sponsored "Party of God," claims responsibility. President Young, famed around the world as a peacemaker, now has to decide whether to launch a military attack on Syria.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 10-25-1983
Event Description: A revolution in Grenada overthrows the elected Socialist government. There are nine Americans studying at a medical school on the island, and the new goverment announces that they will not be harmed. That's good news for President Andrew Young, but he's got a bigger problem. The National Security Council and the Joint Chiefs of Staff are recommending an attack on Syria which would hurt their military capabilities, and kill somewhere in the vicinity of the 241 military personnel that the Syrian-backed terrorist group Hezbollah killed in a suicide bombing in Beirut two days ago, without hurting very many civilians. But Young doesn't like it: "What is the virtue of a proportional response? If we follow up the killing of 200 of our fighting men with the killing of 200 of their fighting men, that will send them a message that there is no true punishment for it. We need to send Bashar Assad a real message: Don't mess with us. Gentlemen, get me an idea." The ordained minister and Nobel Peace Prize laureate is in no mood for peace, or for a proportional response.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 10-27-1983
Event Description: American jets knock out an Air Force base on the Mediterranean Coast of Syria. About 500 Syrians are killed, doubling the number of U.S. Marines killed in the suicide bombing of the Beirut barracks four days ago. President Andrew Young speaks before a worldwide TV audience, telling Syrian President Hafez Assad, "You will tell the leaders of Hezbollah to leave America alone. If you do not, we will hold you responsible. And so will Israel." The crisis is averted, although many Americans, including several Republican candidates for President -- those already announced, and those about to announce -- call for greater action, such as the bombing of the Syrian capital of Damascus. Young had wanted to, but decided that a year away from a Presidential election was no time to get America involved in what would surely be a very complicated war, especially with U.S.-Middle East relations having been, before the Beirut bombing, the best they'd ever been.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 11-8-1983
Event Description: Medgar Evers, former Chairman of the NAACP, is elected Governor of his home State of Mississippi.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 1-22-1984
Event Description: Super Bowl XVIII is held at Tampa Stadium. The Los Angeles Raiders embarrass the defending World Champion Washington Federals, 38-9.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 2-9-1984
Event Description: Russian President Yuri Andropov dies from kidney failure. He was 69 years old. Vice President Mikhail Gorbachev, just 52, is sworn in as President. Andrei Gromyko, leader of the Nationalist Party and former Foreign Minister during the Brezhnev Administration, demands that Gorbachev call a new election. Gorbachev insists that the Constitution of the Russian Republic mandates that Presidential terms are to be for five years, and the next election will be held as scheduled, on the first Monday in April, five years after the last election. This will be on April 6, 1987. "Grim Grom" and the Nationalists stew in their borscht over the impudence of this "bald, birthmarked child."

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 2-20-1984
Event Description: The race to succeed President Andrew Young is on, with the Iowa Caucuses. On the Democratic side, Vice President Martha Griffiths wins 35 percent of the vote. Senator Gary Hart of Colorado wins 16, Senator John Glenn of Ohio 12, Senator Walter Mondale of Minnesota 10, and the rest of the candidates in single digits. Not able to reach the top three in a neighboring State despite his impressive credentials in supporting farmers, Mondale drops out of the race. On the Republican side, the Rev. Pat Robertson, a Baptist minister and son of a Democratic Senator, who broadcasts nationwide from his Virginia Beach church, rides the tide of "Christian conservatism" to win a narrow victory, with 21 percent. Congressman Phil Crane of Illinois, the 1980 Vice Presidential nominee, was hurt by a scandal involving his brother, Congressman Daniel Crane, and by rumors of his own drinking, and finishes second with 19 percent. The difference between winning and losing turns out to be less than a thousand votes, but it is the difference between being the front-runner and the former front-runner. Congressman Jack Kemp of New York, a former pro football quarterback, and Governor Pierre "Pete" duPont of Delaware, a member of the famed chemical-producing family, finish with 16 and 14 percent, respectively, running as Crane did four years ago, trying to appeal to the tax-cut activists. Senator Elizabeth Dole of North Carolina and Governor Lamar Alexander of Tennessee finish with 12 and 10 percent, hoping to hang on until the Southern States have their Primaries.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 2-28-1984
Event Description: Senator Gary Hart of Colorado defeats Vice President Martha Griffiths in a stunning New Hampshire Primary. Senator John Glenn, unable to remind people of his wartime and astronaut heroism despite the recent release of the film "The Right Stuff," finishes a disappointing third. Right on his heels, although New Hampshire has very few black voters, is the Rev. Jesse Jackson, hoping to tap into the same interests that President Young had, as Jackson is also an ordained minister who had worked on anti-poverty campaigns with Dr. Martin Luther King in the 1960s and 1970s. The Republican Primary is almost always geared toward the Granite State's innate hatred of taxes, and Governor Pete duPont of New Hampshire narrowly beats Congressman Jack Kemp of New York, 35 percent to 34. Congressman Phil Crane of Illinois, the 1980 Vice Presidential nominee and former carrier of the tax-cut banner, has been severely hurt by personal issues, and his former goodwill has disappeared, as he falls behind duPont, Kemp, and even Senator Elizabeth Dole of North Carolina to finish fourth. The Rev. Pat Robertson, winner of the Iowa Caucuses, was unable to make his religious-conservative message work in New Hampshire and finishes fifth.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 3-13-1984
Event Description: Super Tuesday. Vice President Martha Griffiths wins Democratic Primaries in Florida, Georgia, Washington and Nevada. Senator Gary Hart of Colorado wins in Massachusetts and Rhode Island, the two most liberal States up for grabs, but also in the two most conservative, Alabama and Oklahoma. Senator John Glenn of Ohio is finished in this race, and so is the Rev. Jesse Jackson, although only Glenn drops out. It is now between Griffiths and Hart. In the Republican Primaries, Congressman Phil Crane of Illinois, dogged by questions about his drinking and his brother Dan's involvement in the Congressional page sex scandal, does not finish as high as second in a single State. Governor Lamar Alexander of Tennessee wins the Southern States of Florida and Georgia, and also finishes strong in Oklahoma and Washington. The Rev. Pat Roberston is surprised by Alexander's success, hoping to win in the South, rather than finish second, as he did in Florida and Georgia, although he does win Oklahoma. Congressman Jack Kemp of New York wins Massachusetts, Rhode Island and Washington, while Governor Pete duPont of Delaware finishes second in those States. Nevada reverses that order, with duPont winning and Kemp coming in second. Despite high hopes, Senator Elizabeth Dole of North Carolina does no better than fourth in the three Southern States, and drops out, leaving the race to, in current order of Delegates, duPont, Kemp, Alexander, Robertson and, perhaps desperately, Crane. (Alabama is not having a Republican Primary.)

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 3-20-1984
Event Description: Congressman Crane wins the Illinois Primary, but he should have won his home State by more than 31 percent to 26 over Governor Alexander, to 19 for Congressman Kemp, 14 for Governor duPont and 8 for Rev. Robertson. On the Democratic side, Vice President Griffiths holds off Senator Hart by splitting the liberal base in Chicago and its suburbs, while winning easily west and Downstate.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 3-28-1984
Event Description: Baltimore Colts owner Jerry Richardson negotiates a new lease on Memorial Stadium, and talks begin on a new facility for the Colts, preferably closer to downtown than "the Insane Asylum on 33rd Street," tucked away in the Venable Park neighborhood of northeast Baltimore. A former Colts receiver and the owner of the Hardee's and Denny's restaurant chains, Richardson had been threatening to move the team to Charlotte, North Carolina, the center of his business empire. Baltimore fans are fortunate, however, that the stadium situation is even worse in Charlotte: The largest stadium there seats only 22,000 and could not be substantially expanded as a stopgap facility, and the major colleges in North and South Carolina were unwilling to take on a professional team for as many as four years while a new stadium would have been built in Charlotte.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 4-1-1984
Event Description: Fed up with his lease at Anaheim Stadium, nearly 30 miles from the city whose name his team bears, and also with having to compete with Al Davis and his Los Angeles Raiders, Bob Irsay moves the Los Angeles Rams, the West Coast's oldest major-league sports team, to Indiana, to be renamed the Indianapolis Rams. Many Southern California fans are upset over losing the Rams and their nearly 40 years of tradition, but with the Raiders being the defending World Champions, Los Angeles is still very much in the National Football League.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 4-3-1984
Event Description: Governor Lamar Alexander of Tennessee wins the Wisconsin Primary in an upset, topping Congressmen Phil Crane of neighboring Illinois and Jack Kemp of New York, Governor Pete duPont of Delaware, and Rev. Pat Robertson. Crane now has no choice, and drops out of the race. With a tradition of progressive, activist Republicanism -- this is the State where the Party was founded on an anti-slavery platform in 1854 -- Wisconsin likes the young (he'll be just 44 in July), enthusiastic, proactive Southern Governor who favors red-and-black plaid shirts, which make him look at home on the State's dairy farms as much as his gray suits make him look right on the streets of downtown Milwaukee and the smaller cities such as Madison, Green Bay and Eau Claire. On the Democratic side, there are two Primaries. Senator Gary Hart needed to tap into Wisconsin, whose Democrats are among the most liberal in the country, and does win big. But Vice President Martha Griffiths beats him in New York, by a surprising 56 percent to 42 margin. She takes back the momentum of the race.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 4-10-1984
Event Description: Governor Pete duPont of Delaware wins the Primary in neighboring Pennsylvania, stopping the momentum of Governor Lamar Alexander of Tennessee. Congressman Jack Kemp of New York, who had briefly played football in the State for the Pittsburgh Steelers, was hoping to win, but his third-place finish dooms his campaign. He drops out, and throws his Delegates to duPont, pushing him ahead of Alexander in the race. On the Democratic side, Vice President Martha Griffiths defeats Senator Gary Hart. Hart sees the writing on the wall, and drops out. But Griffiths sees it as well, and offers to make Hart her running mate, provided that it not be announced until the Democratic Convention approaches in August. He accepts.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 5-8-1984
Event Description: After surprising second-place finishes by the Rev. Pat Robertson in Texas and Louisiana three days ago, his campaign for President is all but finished. Governor Pete duPont of Delaware wins in Ohio, Indiana and his neighboring State of Maryland, while Governor Lamar Alexander of Tennessee wins in his neighboring State of North Carolina. Next week, duPont will win in Oregon and Idaho, while Alexander will gain a narrow win in Nebraska, where Robertson makes his last stand but finishes well behind.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 6-1-1984
Event Description: "Star Trek III: The Search For Spock" is released, a plot forced by the angry reaction of "Trekkies" to the death of Mr. Spock (Leonard Nimoy, who also directs this film) in "Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan." Admiral James F. Kirk (William Shatner), his wife Commander Nyota Uhura (Nichelle Nichols), Dr. Leonard "Bones" McCoy (DeForest Kelley) and some other members of the crew of the battered starship Enterprise need to retrieve Spock's body from the Genesis Planet and return it to his homeworld of Vulcan. The Genesis Planet is currently being monitored by Kirk's son from a previous relationship, Genesis Device inventor David Marcus (Merritt Buttrick), and Spock's protegee, Lieutenant Saavik (now played by Robin Curtis). Kirk & Uhura's daughter, Starfleet Academy Cadet Samantha Kirk (Cree Summer), begs them not to do it, as it would involve stealing the badly damaged, decommissioned Enterprise. And renegade Klingons, led by Christopher Lloyd as Commander Kruge and future "Night Court" star John Larroquette as Lieutenant Maltz, complicate things. The film is not as well regarded as its predecessor, and the ending is one of mixed emotions, but it has its moments, such as newly promoted Captain Montgomery Scott (James Doohan) sabotaging a hopped-up starship that would have pursued the Enterprise, and Commander Hikaru Sulu (George Takei) telling a guard trying to stop the aging officers from taking the Enterprise, "Don't call me 'Tiny!'"

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 6-5-1984
Event Description: Governor Pete duPont of Delaware wraps up the Republican nomination for President. He wins the Primaries in California, Montana, New Mexico, and his neighboring State of New Jersey. Governor Lamar Alexander of Tennessee wins only West Virginia. He drops out of the race and endorses duPont. The general election is set, with duPont opposing the Democratic nominee, incumbent Vice President Martha Griffiths.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 7-19-1984
Event Description: The Republican Convention is held at the Reunion Arena in Dallas. Governor Pete duPont of Delaware is nominated for President. Congressman Jack Kemp of New York is nominated for Vice President. Many Republican activists, particularly in the South and West, are unhappy with the long-term domination of the party by Northeastern interests, a.k.a. "Country Club Republicans." But duPont and Kemp are committed to tax cuts, and duPont has promised the most sweeping tax reform since the 17th Amendment to the Constitution created the federal income tax in 1913. He has also appeased them by promising to appoint anti-abortion, tough-on-crime federal judges. Governor Lamar Alexander of Tennessee, who finished second to duPont in delegates, gives a rip-roaring Convention speech supporting duPont, leaving some delegates thinking that they might have nominated the wrong guy. But the speech convinces most socially conservative Southern delegates to get solidly behind duPont. He's not the candidate they want, but he could be the President they can live with.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 8-1-1984
Event Description: President Andrew Young signs the AIDS Awareness and Research Act of 1984. AIDS, an acronym for "Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome," is a virus attacking the immune system, spread by blood transfusions or sexual contact. For the most part, it has affected mainly homosexual men, and social conservatives in the Republican Party have mocked the AIDS Research Initiative, created in this bill, as "welfare for homosexuals." Nevertheless, Young, an ordained minister, says, "Signing this bill into law is an act of Christian compassion. Those who oppose it as immoral fail to understand that Jesus healed the sick, without regard to their sins, real or perceived. And those who oppose it as government intervention tend to forget how much they like government investigations of waste, which are government intervention. So is increasing defense spending. Anything can be called government intervention. I choose to err, if this is an error, on the side of offering hope."

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 8-23-1984
Event Description: The Democratic Convention is held at the Spectrum in Philadelphia. The top two finishers in delegates are the ticket: Vice President Martha Griffiths, former Governor of Michigan, for President; and Senator Gary Hart of Colorado for Vice President. Though the nation is deep in recession, though not as deep as under Ronald Reagan in 1975, Griffiths and Hart promise to increase social spending, and tout the new AIDS Research Initiative, which the Republicans have mocked as "welfare for homosexuals." They also mock the tax-cut plans of the Republican nominee, Governor Pete duPont of Delaware. "It's one thing for someone to call himself 'Pete' and try to pretend he's 'just one of the guys,' Hart says in his acceptance speech, 'but when people need job creation, job protection, better wages, better public education and better access to health care, they're going to know that Pierre Samuel duPont IV is not someone who understands their concerns." Griffiths, though, says something devastating, and to the wrong campaign: Her own. "With the federal budget defict at over $160 billion," she says, "cutting taxes is a foolish thing to do, especially since half of the benefits will go to the top 1 percent of the wealthiest Americans, and 80 percent of the benefits will go to the top 20 percent. This will backfire, and it could turn the recession into a full-blown depression. There is only one way out of this deficit. The next President of the United States will have to raise taxes. Mr. duPont will raise taxes sometime in the next four years. And so will I. He doesn't respect you enough to tell you the truth. I just did." Griffiths' planned attack on duPont as a fabulously wealthy man out to help his fellow fabulously wealthy man, out of touch with the poor and the middle class, instead paints her as someone who wants to raise the taxes of the middle class. The Griffiths-Hart ticket leaves the Convention with no "bounce" in the polls. Things will get worse.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 9-12-1984
Event Description: A new schoolyear begins at East Brunswick High School in Central New Jersey. Starting the tenth grade there are Catherine Crandall, whose family has been in town for over 100 years, and Michael Pacholek, whose family is a relatively recent arrival. Despite being descended from a family of New York Giants fans who became New York Mets fans, Catherine roots for the New York Yankees, as does Michael. They also share interests in history and books. And in politics, as Catherine's father, Samuel J. Crandall, is a member of the Middlesex County Board of Chosen Freeholders. Although not yet 15 years old, they start dating.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 9-17-1984
Event Description: As one did in 1966, a sex scandal rocks the Democratic Party. An investigation by the Miami Herald reveals that Senator Gary Hart, the Party's nominee for Vice President, has been having an affair with high-profile fashion model -- she prefers to call herself a "supermodel" -- Janice Dickinson. When confronted by reporters, she admits it. She is rumored to have abused drugs, but says Hart has never used drugs around her. But the damage has been done. And it is going to get worse.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 9-18-1984
Event Description: Vice President Griffiths defends her running mate against the sex-and-drug scandal swirling around him, saying, "Senator Hart is my man, one thousand percent." This leads to jokes that she and Hart are having an affair, which is not true.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 9-20-1984
Event Description: Senator Gary Hart resigns from the Democratic ticket. Republican claims of their Party's moral superiority are reinforced. To make matters worse, Vice President Martha Griffiths' determined support for Hart just two days earlier makes her look like a fool. And now she has to find a new running mate, one without the taint of scandal.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 9-22-1984
Event Description: Vice President Martha Griffiths has chosen her new Vice Presidential nominee. She had offered the post to Senator Ted Kennedy of Massachusetts, brother of former President John F. Kennedy, but, like Senator Hart, he has his own issues with womanizing; and, like Congressman Phil Crane, who ran for the Republican nomination, he has his own issues with alcohol. But Kennedy has a good suggestion, who also happened to be on Griffiths' "short list." His Midwestern base, Korean War heroics , status as the first American to orbit the Earth, and eight-year tenure in the Senate will certainly help, but that doesn't stop many Americans -- some in jest, some in hopelessness over the perhaps mortally wounded Griffiths campaign -- from saying, "Godspeed, John Glenn."

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 10-11-1984
Event Description: On the 100th anniversary of her birth, the Eleanor Roosevelt Memorial is dedicated in Washington. President Andrew Young gives the dedication speech. Former Presidents Ronald Reagan, Richmond Flowers, John F. Kennedy, Albert B. Chandler and Quentin Roosevelt, Eleanor's cousin, attend. This is believed to be the first time that six living Presidents have been together. With the Presidential election just 26 days away, pictures are taken with the six of them together, with the six of them and Vice President Martha Griffiths, and with the six Presidents and Governor Pete duPont, just so that a picture can be taken with seven Presidents together as well as one with six.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 11-6-1984
Event Description: Pierre Samuel duPont IV, a.k.a. Pete duPont, the 49-year-old Governor of Delaware, is elected President, with Congressman Jack Kemp of New York elected Vice President. The Republicans defeat the Democratic ticket of Vice President Martha Griffiths and Senator John Glenn of Ohio. The popular vote is solidly in the Republicans' favor, 50.5 million to 41.5 million, or 54.5 percent to 44.8 percent. The Electoral Vote is even greater: duPont wins 37 States with 390 EVs, while Griffiths wins just 13 States plus the District of Columbia, totaling 148 EVs. duPont even won Griffiths' home State of Michigan and Glenn's home State of Ohio, although Griffiths won Kemp's home State of New York. Governor Frank White of Arkansas again defeats former Congressman Jim Guy Tucker. Despite the re-election of the Republican White, Democrat Hillary Rodham, wife of former Governor Bill Clinton, is re-elected State Attorney General.

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 12-1-1984
Event Description: Sam Crandall, son of Middlesex County Freeholder Samuel J. Crandall, returns an interception for a touchdown with less than a minute to go, to give East Brunswick High School a 32-27 victory over J.P. Stevens High School of nearby Edison in the Central Jersey Group IV (large-school) Championship Game in East Brunswick. The win completes the first undefeated season in the Bears' 24-year football history, and their first State Championship since before the current playoff system began. When the game ends, Sam, a senior, is joined on the field by his younger sister, Catherine, and her boyfriend, Michael Pacholek, both sophomores. They agree that this is the greatest football game they've ever seen. The game had nearly been lost, because E.B. had blown a 20-19 lead, and trailed 27-20 with a minute and a half to go when the tying touchdown was scored, but a two-point conversion pass was lost in the sun by the intended receiver, and it looked like Stevens would win the game, 27-26. But Sam's interception and return win it, and he goes down as the greatest hero in E.B. football history. So far. It would have been a crushing defeat if the Hawks had beaten the Bears, the kind of close-but-no-cigar, bizarre-occurrence ending that befalls "cursed" sports teams like the Boston Red Sox, Chicago Cubs and New York Rangers. But Mike quotes Irish author George Bernard Shaw, who likely never saw a game of American football, and tells Sam, "You couldn't let it end that way. 'Some men see things as they are, and say, Why? I dream things that never were, and say, Why not?' And so do you, and that's why the Bears won!"

Timeline Number: 4147
Event Date: 12-31-1984
Event Description: This Timeline will be continued in "Lee of the Union, Part 8: Things That Never Were."


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