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Timeline Number: 4189
Timeline Name: Truman pardons Hiss.
Date: 4-14-1953
Event:
In a special election, Rep. Philip J. Philbin is elected to the House of Representatives as a Republican, retaining the seat he had hed for ten years as a Democrat.

It is a startling development in heavily Democratic Massachusetts. Rep. Philbin is helped, however, by the conservative character of his central Massachusetts district, by the quiet endorsement of a number of Catholic clergymen, and by the foreshortened schedule of the special election, which makes it difficult for any opponent to be mobilized against him.

Timeline Number: 4189
Timeline Name: Truman pardons Hiss.
Date: 2-17-1953
Event:
Democratic congressman Philip J. Philbin, first elected in 1942, creates a minor sensation when he announces his intention to bolt his party and become a Republican. “I no longer feel that the Democratic Party represents the people of the United States,” he proclaims. “Therefore, I shall no longer represent the Democratic Party in Congress but shall seek to represent the people of my district as a member of the Republican Party.”

Reaction is immediate, with the Boston Globe editorially denouncing Philbin’s move as “self-serving” while the Worcester Telegram praises it.

Timeline Number: 4234
Timeline Name: Ford killed in 1975
Date: 2-5-1980
Event:
President Rockefeller leaves Walter Reed Hospital. Reporters inquiring as to the outcome of his examination are put off with the statement that the President prefers to wait until “all the test results are in” before commenting. This is widely seen as an evasion, fueling rumors that Rockefeller’s doctors have found something seriously wrong with him.

Timeline Number: 4234
Timeline Name: Ford killed in 1975
Date: 2-1-1980
Event:
President Rockefeller is checked into Walter Reed Hospital for what is described as a “routine follow-up examination.”

Timeline Number: 4234
Timeline Name: Ford killed in 1975
Date: 12-17-1979
Event:
New York Gov. Hugh Carey announces he will seek the Democratic presidential nomination in 1980.

Timeline Number: 4033
Timeline Name: Dowager Empress Cixi dies.
Date: 5-1-1912
Event:
Sun Yat Sen began a series of reforms in administration. He ordered the adoption of western solar calendar while the traditional lunar calendar was retricted to religious and ceremonial purposes. He had employed many former Qing officials to serve in the republican government. He also had issued orders to abolish old orders and adoting new ones.

Timeline Number: 4189
Timeline Name: Truman pardons Hiss.
Date: 4-8-1968
Event:
With the Rev. King forcibly expelled from Memphis, the planned protest goes forward under the substitute leadership of the Rev. Ralph Abernathy. Rev. Abernathy delivers a rousing speech, but as he finishes, a white man pushes forward, pulls out a gun and fires at close range. Police mve in an arrest the shooter, an escaped convict named James Earl Ray, along with a number of the marchers.

Rushed to St. Joseph’s Hospital, Abernathy is given emergency surgery, but to no avail. At 8:39 that evening, he is pronounced dead.

While Abernathy is undergoing his futile treatment at St. Joseph’s, a young activist named Jesse L. Jackson addresses the shocked edemonstrators, claiming to have received Abernathy’s personal blessing to “carry on the work.” Many in the crowd are moved by the passionate young man’s words, although others will condemn him as an opportunist.

Timeline Number: 4189
Timeline Name: Truman pardons Hiss.
Date: 4-6-1968
Event:
Rev. Martin Luther King is released from jail in Memphis and ordered to leave the city. He is escorted under armed guard to the airport, where his warders watch as he purchases a ticket and boards the plane. “Don’t come back,” one of them warns him, “or you ain’t ever leaving.”

Timeline Number: 4189
Timeline Name: Truman pardons Hiss.
Date: 4-3-1968
Event:
Arriving in Memphis for a speech scheduled for the following day in anticipation of the march planned for April 8, Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. is arrested by local police on charges of “conspiring to incite violence.” He will be held for three days before being released.

Timeline Number: 4189
Timeline Name: Truman pardons Hiss.
Date: 3-28-1968
Event:
A march led by civil-rights activist Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. in support of striking black sanitation workers in Memphis, Tennessee is disrupted when several of the marchers smash a storefront window. The violence spreads and police move in with nightsticks and tear gas. Several demonstrators are shot and killed, and a number are arrested, as is Rev. King.

King is released the following day. Distressed at the violent turn taken by what had been intended to be a peaceful protest, King schedules another march for April 8.

Timeline Number: 4262
Timeline Name:
Date: 11-3-1957
Event:
The USSR launches a second Sputnik, this one carrying a dog, Laika. Although the dog dies in orbit after a few hours from stress and overheating due to a malfunction in the capsule’s environmental controls, her successful launch proves that animals, and therefore potentially humans, can survive an orbital launch and can endure weightlessness.

In the U.S., some space enthusiasts are angry that the Eisenhower administration has allowed the Soviets to steal a march on the U.S. by being first to put a living creature in orbit. The President, however, dismisses the launch as a “cheap propaganda stunt” and points out reassuringly to reporters that after all, Laika died, indicating, he says, “the Soviet disregard for life which derives from their atheistic Communist beliefs.”

At NASA, the mood is one of frustration. Space agency scientists have been planning for years how to get animals and then humans into orbit, but with the Administration pressing them to devote their efforts to countering the perceived Soviet ICBM threat, none of their plans have gotten past the technical study stage. And after the way NASA chief Glennan’s October 11 meeting with the President went, neither Glennan nor anyone else is optimistic that this will change any time soon.

Timeline Number: 3590
Timeline Name: Pacific War
Date: 10-25-1942
Event:
Stalin in a change of heart recalled his famous general Georgi Zhukov to lead the defense of Stalingrad. Using all available resources and men from Siberian Military District, Zhukov is able to amass a huge concentration of forces in both flanks either side of the city. Total force of 3.5 million men, 10,850 tanks, 10,500 aircraft, 41,600 artillery pieces and mortars, 3,255 truck-mounted Katyusha rocket launchers, and 95,383 motor vehicles are used in smashing the German allied flanks in either side of the city and enveloping and trapping the German 4th Army under Rommel. Rommel meanwhile is killed by a famous Russia sniper Vasily Zaitsev.

Timeline Number: 1515
Timeline Name: Second Russian Revolution
Date: 5-30-1999
Event:
The Chinese taking into account Americans's concentration of Europe, launch an invasion of Japan. Under a massive barrage of 50,000 rockets incinerating many of the Japanese military defenses and bases, the Chinese launch an amphibious fleet of 50,000 landing ships. Landing at the 2 foremost islands of Hokkaido and Kyushu about 4.5 million men, 6,250 tanks, 7,500 aircraft, 41,600 artillery pieces and mortars, 3,255 truck-mounted Katyusha rocket launchers, and 95,383 motor vehicles, the Chinese encountered stiff and heavy resistance. The Battle of Japan lasted only 2 weeks, with the Chinese victorious.

Timeline Number: 4225
Timeline Name: Gore vs Bush
Date: 6-7-2002
Event:
President Gore visits New Delhi, ostensibly to discuss preparations for Indus Balance. While there he plans to confer with Prime Minister Atal Vajpayee and Defense Minister George Fernandes to secure their agreement to allow U.S. forces to use their country as a staging ground for a military strike against Pakistan using Indus Balance as cover. It is anticipated that he will have little difficulty in persuading them, as Prime Minister Vajpayee is known to fear the prospect of dealing with a nuclear-armed Islamist Pakistan.

Timeline Number: 4225
Timeline Name: Gore vs Bush
Date: 6-3-2002
Event:
At a meeting with the Joint Chiefs of Staff, President Gore asks what the military options are for intervention in Afghanistan.

JCS chief Shelton favors a lightning strike at Islamabad from positions across the border inside India, aimed at decapitating the newly-installed Ahmed regime, under cover of a previously scheduled joint U.S.-Indian military exercise, Indus Balance. Shelton recommends moving the planned exercise forward from its scheduled date in October to minimize the new regime’s opportunity to consolidate its power.

Timeline Number: 4211
Timeline Name: Truman Pardons Hiss II: Stormy Weather
Date: 7-17-1972
Event:
Security guard Frank Wills apprehends five men who have apparently broken into Democratic National Committee headquarters at the Watergate Hotel in Washington, D.C. Taken into police custody, the five are interrogated; one of the men, James McCord, is identified as a security coordinator for the Republican National Committee and the Committee to Re-Elect the President, popularly known as CREEP.

McCord will be fired the next day, but this action will not make Watergate disappear as an issue.

Timeline Number: 4211
Timeline Name: Truman Pardons Hiss II: Stormy Weather
Date: 10-8-1970
Event:
Early in the morning, campus security and NYPD tactical-police officers storm Hamilton Hall, forcibly evicting its student occupiers. One student is killed and several others are injured. Despite the fact that three of the officers are black, the cry goes up that the demonstrators, a large percentage of whom are black, were attacked by an “all-white” assault force.

Timeline Number: 4211
Timeline Name: Truman Pardons Hiss II: Stormy Weather
Date: 10-7-1970
Event:
With U.S. troops in combat with North Vietnamese Army units inside North Vietnam, massive demonstrationa are held at several U.S. universities. At Columbia University in New York City, the offices of the administration in Hamilton Hall are occupied by protestors who refuse the orders of campus security guards to vacate the premises.

Tensions had been building at Columbia for some time, since the discovery by student activists of papers in the International Law Library linking the university to a Defense Department think tank called the Institute for Defense Analyses. Several students had been placed on probation for violating a university policy against indoor demonstrations, prompting a short-lived student strike.

Timeline Number: 4211
Timeline Name: Truman Pardons Hiss II: Stormy Weather
Date: 10-2-1970
Event:
South Vietnamese and U.S. troops cross the border into North Vietnam, allegedly in “hot pursuit” of North Vietnamese army units and Vietcong insurgents.

In the United Nations, Soviet ambassador Andrei Gromyko denounces this incursion as “unmasking the falsehood of American pretenses that U.S. actions in Southeast Asia are of a defensive nature.” He goes on, “Having inflicted devastating damage upon the peace-loving people of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, the American imperialists now invade that republic’s soil, seeking to crush its socialist system once and for all and draw it within their sphere of control.”

Timeline Number: 4234
Timeline Name: Ford killed in 1975
Date: 1-21-1980
Event:
Kennedy cousin and former vice-presidential candidate Sargent Shriver announces he will run for the Democratic presidential nomination.

Shriver’s announcement is greeted with some disdain. Many political insiders consider him irretrievably damaged by his role as George McGovern’s replacement for Thomas Eagleton in McGovern’s spectacularly failed run for the White House in 1972.